Lectionary Calendar
Friday, March 1st, 2024
the Second Week of Lent
There are 30 days til Easter!
Take your personal ministry to the Next Level by helping StudyLight build churches and supporting pastors in Uganda.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4659 - σκυθρωπός

from skuthros (sullen) and a derivative of (G3700)
Parts of Speech
Search for…
Browse by letter:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
  1. of a sad and gloomy countenance
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2197 ‑ זַעַף (zah'‑af);  7451 ‑ רַע (rah, raw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
NAS (4)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
HCS (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
BSB (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
ESV (1)
Matthew 1
WEB (1)
Luke 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σκυθρωπ-ός, όν,

also ή, όν Hp. Epid. 3.17 . ιδ, Ephor. Fr. 96J., Plu. 2.417c, etc.: ( σκυθρός, ὤψ ):

of sad or angry countenance, sullen, E. Med. 271, Hipp. 1152; ὄμμα καὶ πρόσωπον Id. Ph. 1333; ς. τοῖς ξένοις Id. Alc. 774; ἐπὶ τοῖς κακοῖς X. Mem. 3.10.4; opp. ἱλαρός, φαιδρός, ib. 2.7.12, 3.10.4; also of affected gravity, D. 45.68, Aeschin. 3.20: τὸ ς .,= sq., E. Alc. 797, cf. Pl. Smp. 206d . Adv., -πῶς ἔχειν X. Mem. 2.7.1: Comp. -ότερον with greater severity, J. BJ 6.2.7 .

II of things, gloomy, sad, melancholy, γῆρας E. Ba. 1252; ὁδός Archyt. ap. Stob. 3.1.105 ( Comp. ); μέλη Paus. 10.7.5; ἡμέρα Plu. Dem. 30 ( Sup. ).

2. of colour, sad-coloured, dark and dull, of the river Μέλας, Him. Or. 23.22; of wine, ib. 9.4 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σκυθρωπός, σκυθρωπόν, also of three term.; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 105 (Winer's Grammar, § 11, 1) (σκυθρός and ὤψ), of a sad and gloomy countenance (opposed to φαιδρός, Xenophon, mem. 3, 10, 4): Luke 24:17; of one who feigns or affects a sad countenance, Matthew 6:16. (Genesis 40:7; Sir. 25:23; Greek writings from Aeschylus down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σκυθρωπός , -όν

(also - , -όν )

( σκυθρός , sullen, + ὤψ ),

[in LXX: Genesis 40:7 (H7451), etc.;]

of a gloomy countenance: Matthew 6:16, Luke 24:17.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Mommsen (Sitzungsb. d. preussischen Akademie, 1895, No. XXVII) argues that this word, which occurs in the TR of Acts 28:16, means there princeps peregrinorum, but in P Lond 196.5 (c. A.D. 138–161) (= II. p. 153) the editor prefers to understand the title as = princeps castrorum, and compares Mommsen l.c. p. 498. See his note ad l. from which the foregoing is derived.

We may add references to Vett. Val. p. 76.13 ποιοῦσι στρατοπεδάρχας ναυτικῶν τε καὶ πεζικῶν ἄρχοντας, and to OGIS 605.3 (v/A.D.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσκυλεύσαν εσκύλευσαν εσκύλευσας σκυθρωπά σκυθρωποι σκυθρωποί σκυλεύειν σκυλεύσαι σκυλεύσαντα σκυλεύσαντας σκυλεύσει σκυλεύσετε σκύλευσον σκυλεύσουσι σκυλεύσουσί skuthropoi skuthrōpoi skythropoi skythropoí skythrōpoi skythrōpoí
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile