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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4659 - σκυθρωπός
- of a sad and gloomy countenance
also ή, όν Hp. Epid. 3.17 . ιδ, Ephor. Fr. 96J., Plu. 2.417c, etc.: ( σκυθρός, ὤψ ): —
of sad or angry countenance, sullen, E. Med. 271, Hipp. 1152; ὄμμα καὶ πρόσωπον Id. Ph. 1333; ς. τοῖς ξένοις Id. Alc. 774; ἐπὶ τοῖς κακοῖς X. Mem. 3.10.4; opp. ἱλαρός, φαιδρός, ib. 2.7.12, 3.10.4; also of affected gravity, D. 45.68, Aeschin. 3.20: τὸ ς .,= sq., E. Alc. 797, cf. Pl. Smp. 206d . Adv., -πῶς ἔχειν X. Mem. 2.7.1: Comp. -ότερον with greater severity, J. BJ 6.2.7 .
II of things, gloomy, sad, melancholy, γῆρας E. Ba. 1252; ὁδός Archyt. ap. Stob. 3.1.105 ( Comp. ); μέλη Paus. 10.7.5; ἡμέρα Plu. Dem. 30 ( Sup. ).
2. of colour, sad-coloured, dark and dull, of the river Μέλας, Him. Or. 23.22; of wine, ib. 9.4 .
σκυθρωπός, σκυθρωπόν, also of three term.; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 105 (Winer's Grammar, § 11, 1) (σκυθρός and ὤψ), of a sad and gloomy countenance (opposed to φαιδρός, Xenophon, mem. 3, 10, 4): Luke 24:17; of one who feigns or affects a sad countenance, Matthew 6:16. (Genesis 40:7; Sir. 25:23; Greek writings from Aeschylus down.)
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σκυθρωπός , -όν
(also -ή , -όν )
( σκυθρός , sullen, + ὤψ ),
[in LXX: Genesis 40:7 (H7451), etc.;]
of a gloomy countenance: Matthew 6:16, Luke 24:17.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Mommsen (Sitzungsb. d. preussischen Akademie, 1895, No. XXVII) argues that this word, which occurs in the TR of Acts 28:16, means there princeps peregrinorum, but in P Lond 196.5 (c. A.D. 138–161) (= II. p. 153) the editor prefers to understand the title as = princeps castrorum, and compares Mommsen l.c. p. 498. See his note ad l. from which the foregoing is derived.
We may add references to Vett. Val. p. 76.13 ποιοῦσι στρατοπεδάρχας ναυτικῶν τε καὶ πεζικῶν ἄρχοντας, and to OGIS 605.3 (v/A.D.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.