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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4431 - πτῶσις

Transliteration
ptōsis
Phonetics
pto'-sis
Origin
from the alternate of (G4098)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
6:167,846
Definition
Thayer's
  1. a falling, downfall
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4654 ‑ מַפָּלָה (map‑paw‑law', map‑pay‑law');  4658 ‑ מַפֶּלֶת (map‑peh'‑leth);  5063 ‑ נֶגֶף (neh'‑ghef);  6297 ‑ פֶּגֶר (peh'‑gher);  8653 ‑ תַּרְעֵלָה (tar‑ay‑law');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
NAS (2)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
HCS (2)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
BSB (2)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
ESV (2)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
WEB (2)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πτῶσις, εως, ἡ,

( πίπτω, πέ-πτωκα )

falling, fall, κύβων Pl. R. 604c, cf. Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.282 (pl.); κεραυνῶν Arist. Mete. 339a3, Plu. 2.1005b (pl.); Φαέθοντος Plb. 2.16.13: metaph., π. τῆς ψυχῆς, opp. ἔπαρσις, Zeno Stoic. 1.51 (pl.): abs., calamity, ἐν καιρῷ πτώσεως LXX Si. 3.31, cf. Exodus 30:12; πτώσεις ἀνθρώπων Orph. Fr. 251, al.; death, Lyd. Ost. 12, 14, 20 .

II Gramm., mode or modification of a word, Arist. Po. 1457a18, al.; applied to cases, including nom., ib. 20, Int. 16b1: to genders, Id. SE 173b27: to Sup. of Adjs., Id. Top. 136b30: to Advbs., ib. 15, Rh. 1397a20: to Adjs. derived fr. nouns, e.g. χαλκοῦς, ib. 1410a32: to tenses (exc. the pres. ), Id. Int. 16b17: so by the Stoics to variety of flexion, Stoic. 3.263, but most freq. to cases of the Noun, περὶ τῶν πέντε π ., title of work by Chrysipp., cf. D.T. 634.16, etc.; κατὰ μίαν πτῶσιν indeclinable, A.D. Adv. 165.10 .

III in the Logic of Arist., mood of syllogisms, APr. 42b30 . arrangement of terms in a syllogism, Id. APo. 94a12 .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πτῶσις , -εως ,

(< πίπτω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H5063, H4658, and cogn. forms;]

a falling, fall (Plat., Plut., al.): Matthew 7:27; metaph., Luke 2:34.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

lit. ";agitate,"; ";shake,"; as by winds and storms : see P Lond 46.462 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 80) ἐπικαλοῦμαί σε τὸν. . . σαλε [ύσαντα ] τὸν οὐρανόν, cf. Matthew 24:29, al., and the citations in Boll Offenbarung, p. 135. The verb is used figuratively, as in Hebrews 12:28 f., in the illiterate P Oxy III. 528.13 (ii/A.D.) where a man writes to his sister (wife) ἔπεμσάς μυ ἐπιστολὰς δυν ̣αμένου λίθον σα ̣λ ̣ευ ̣̑σε, οὕτως ὑ λόγυ σου καικίνηκάν με, ";you sent me letters which would have shaken a stone, so much did your words move me"; (Edd.), and OGIS 515.47 (iii/A.D.) σαλεύει γὰρ ὡς ἀλη [θῶς ἡ σωτηρία τῆς πόλε ]ως ἐκ κακουργίας καὶ πανουργίας ὀλί [γων τινῶν αὐτῇ ἐπεμβα ]ινόντων. Hence the derived meaning ";dislodge,"; ";drive away"; from your sober senses, as in 2 Thessalonians 2:2, where Lightfoot (Notes on Epp. of S. Paul, p. 109) compares Plut. Mor. 493 D ὄρεξιν τοῦ κατὰ φύσιν ἀποσαλεύουσαν followed almost immediately by ὡς ἐπ᾽ ἀγκύρας τῆς φύσεως σαλεύει.

For a weakened sense cf. PSI IV. 299.4 (iii/A.D.) κατεσχέθην νόσῳ. . ὡς μὴ δύνασθαι μηδὲ σαλεύεσθαι, ";I was held fast by illness, so as to be unable even to move myself"; : see also P Oxy III. 472.50 (c. A.D. 130) the request of a daughter to her mother—τι καὶ παρασχεῖν ω ̣̔ς ἐπὶ ἑνὶ μόνῳ σαλεύουσαν, ";to give her something since she was dependent upon only a single source"; (Edd.) : cf. LS8 II. 2. MGr σαλεύω, ";move,"; ";stir.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πτώσει πτώσεως πτώσεώς πτωσιν πτώσιν πτῶσιν πτωσις πτώσις πτῶσις ptosin ptôsin ptōsin ptō̂sin ptosis ptôsis ptōsis ptō̂sis
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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