the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4388 - προτίθεμαι
- to place before, to set forth
- to set forth to be looked at, expose to view
- to expose to public view
- of the bodies of the dead
- to let lie in state
- to set before one's self, propose to one's self
- to purpose, determine
Middle voice from G4253 and G5087
προτίθημι: 2 aorist middle προεθέμην; (from Homer down);
1. to place before, to set forth (cf. πρό, d. ἆ.); specifically, to set forth to be looked at, expose to view: Exodus 40:4; 4 Macc. 8:11; Aelian v. h. 14, 8; and often in the middle in this sense: ποτήρια ἀργυρεα τέ καί χρυσεα, his own cups, Herodotus 3, 148; to expose to public view, in which sense it is the technical term with profane authors in speaking of the bodies of the dead (to let lie in state) (cf. Passow, under the word, I. 2; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 1); Stallbaum on Plato, Phaedo, p. 115 e.; (Krüger on Thucydides 2, 34, 1)); the middle points to the owner of the thing exposed: so with τινα and a predicate accusative. Romans 3:25 (the middle seems to denote that it was his own Son whom he thus set forth; cf. 8:32).
2. Middle to set before oneself, propose to oneself; to purpose, determine (Plato, Polybius, others): followed by the infinitive Romans 1:13; with an accusative of the thing and ἐν αὐτῷ ((sic); see αὑτοῦ) added, in himself (Winer's Grammar, § 38, 6; (cf. p. 152 (144))), Ephesians 1:9; (others (reading ἐν αὐτῷ with L T Tr WH) render 'in him,' i. e. (probably) Christ).
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προ -τίθημι ,
[in LXX: Exodus 40:4; Exodus 40:23, Leviticus 24:8 (H6186) Psalms 54:3 (H7760), etc.;]
1. to set before, set forth publicly; so also in mid.: c. acc pers., Romans 3:25 (for a suggested alt, rend., v. MM, xxii).
2. Mid., to set before oneself, propose, purpose: c. inf., Romans 1:13; c. acc rei, Ephesians 1:9.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.