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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4301 - προλαμβάνω

from (G4253) and (G2983)
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  1. to take before
  2. to anticipate, to forestall
  3. to take one by forestalling (him i.e. before he can flee or conceal his crime)
    1. surprise, detect
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Mark 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
NAS (4)
Mark 1
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
HCS (3)
Mark 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
BSB (3)
Mark 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
ESV (3)
Mark 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
WEB (3)
Mark 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

προλαμβάνω, fut. -λήψομαι Isoc. 6.16: aor. προὔλαβον: — Pass., v. infr. 1.5: take or receive before, τὴν πόλιν Lys. 26.9 codd.; τὰ χωρία καὶ λιμένας D. 2.9; ἀργύριον π. receive money in advance, Id. 50.14, 35; τὰ ἐφόδια Aeschin. 1.172; τρία τάλαντα παρά τινος Id. 2.166; ἅπαντα ἡμῶν τὰ χωρία D. 3.16, etc.; also π. χάριν E. Ion 914 (lyr.); μισθὸν τῆς ἀγγελίας for the message, Luc. Merc.Cond. 37; γάλα μετὰ μέλιτος IG 42(1).126.15 (Epid., ii A.D. ); π. τὴν ἡλικίαν Aeschin. 1.162; π. τὴν αὔξησιν begin their growth before, Thphr. HP 8.1.4: Pass., to be contained in advance, ἐν τῷ ὄντι ἄρα ζωὴ προείληπται καὶ ὁ νοῦς Procl. Inst. 103 .

2. take or seize beforehand, Aeschin. 3.142; τὴν ἀρχήν A.D. Synt. 40.24; ὅσα τῆς πόλεως π. D. 18.26; τοῦτο π., ὅπως σώσομεν provide that . ., Id. 3.2: c. part., προλαβὼν κατεγνωκότας ὑμᾶς having first procured your vote of condemnation, Id. 24.77: Pass., σῶμα προειλημμένον ὑπὸ νόσου Corp.Herm. 12.3 . get or take as a start, προειλήφασι πολὺν χρόνον have had a long start, PCair.Zen. 60.5 (iii B.C.); π. τῆς νυκτὸς ὁπόσον ἂν δυναίμην Luc. Gall. 1 .

3. take in preference, τι πρό τινος S. OC 1141 .

4. take away or off before, ἐκ γὰρ οἴκων προὔλαβον μόγις πόδα, μὴ θανεῖν E. Ion 1253 .

5. assume in advance, τὴν ὁλότητα προλαβὼν ἐγέννησεν ἀπ' αὐτῆς τὴν παντότητα Dam. Pr. 253; προειλήφθω . . δισχιλίων σταδίων τὸ βάθος [εἶναι ] Plb. 34.6.7 .

II to be beforehand with, anticipate, 1 c. acc. pers., get the start of, τὰς κύνας X. Cyn. 5.19, v. infr. 3; π. τῷ λόγῳ τινάς D. Prooem. 29; βραχὺν χρόνον π. ἡμᾶς, i.e. in dying, Plu. 2.117e; π. τῇ ῥιζώσει τοὺς χειμῶνας Thphr. HP 8.1.3, cf. CP 3.24.3: c. gen. pers., προλαβών μου ὥστε πρότερος λέγειν D. 45.6; ἵνα μὴ -λημφθῶμεν (i.e. by death) Diog.Oen. 2 .

2. c. acc. rei, π. γόους, μαντεύματα, E. Hel. 339 (lyr.), Ion 407; τὸν καιρόν Plb. 9.14.12, cf. Plu. Cam. 34, etc.; τὸν ὄρθρον Luc. Am. 15; of mental anticipation, π. ὡς οὕτως ἔχον πρὶν γινόμενον οὕτως ἰδεῖν Arist. GA 765a28; τὰ συμβησόμενα ταῖς ἐννοίαις Plb. 3.112.7, cf. 3.1.7; τὰ πολλὰ εἰκασίᾳ Luc. Amos 8:1-14; π. ὅτι . . Plu. 2.102e, etc.

3. c. gen. spatii, π. τῆς ὁδοῦ get a start on the way, Hdt. 3.105; πολὺ τῆς ὁδοῦ π. Polyaen. 7.29.2 (but just above, π. ὡς πλείστην ὁδὸν τοὺς διώξοντας ) ; π. ῥᾳδίως τῆς φυγῆς Th. 4.33; π. τῆς διώξεως get a start of the pursuers, D.S. 16.94: metaph., μύθου προλαβοῦσα speaking first, Philicus in Stud.Ital. 9.44, cf. 46. generally, π. τῶν κηρύκων anticipate them, Arist. Rh. 1408b24; τοῦ χρόνου π. precede in point of time, Id. Metaph. 1050b5 .

4. c. dat. modi, π. τῷ δρόμῳ get a start in running, X. Cyn. 7.7; τῇ διανοίᾳ Arist. Fr. 660; τῇ φυγῇ Plu. Alex. 20, Cic. 47 .

5. c. inf., προέλαβε μυρίσαι Mark 14:8 .

6. detect, ἐν παραπτώματι Ep.Galatians 6:1 ( Pass. ).

7. anticipate, τι τῶν μελλόντων Ph. 1.620; τὸ μέλλον τοῖς λογισμοῖς D.C. Fr. 54.2 .

8. abs., προὔλαβε πολλῷ was far ahead, Th. 7.80, cf. X. Cyn. 6.19, D. 4.31, Plb. 31.15.8; gain an advantage, D. 37.15 . anticipate the event, prejudge, ἐπειδὰν ἅπαντ' ἀκούσητε κρίνατε, μὴ πρότερον προλαμβάνετε Id. 4.14; οἱ νόμοι προλαβόντες ἐπιμέλονται ὅπως . . by anticipation, X. Cyr. 1.2.3; come before the time, opp. ὑστερίζειν, Gal. 7.353; of corn-buyers, buy earlier, SIG 976.49 (Samos, ii B.C. ): Med., προλαμβάνου Men. 701: Pass., τὸ προειλημμένον that which is prejudged, Hermog. Stat. 1 . precede, go before, ὁ προλαβὼν βίος his previous life, Arg. 2 D. 22.3; τὰ προλαβόντα what precedes, Procop. Vand. 2.16; ἡ προλαβοῦσα τράπεζα the preceding meal, Lib. Or. 57.24; also τῶν προλαβόντων τἢν μνήμην the memory of the past, Procop. Gaz. Pan. p.495 B.

III repeat from the origin, Isoc. 6.16; μικρὸν π. Id. 16.24 . Philos., form a preconception (cf. πρόληψις ), prejudge, οἷα προειλήφαμεν Phld. D. 3.13, cf. Sign. 22: Med., Id. D. 1.13: Pass., Id. Oec. p.57 J.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

προλαμβάνω; 2 aorist προελαβον; 1 aorist passive subjunctive 3 person singular προληφθῇ (προλημφθῇ L T Tr WH; see under the word Mu); from Herodotus down;

1. to take before: τί, 1 Corinthians 11:21.

2. to anticipate, to forestall: προέλαβε μυρίσαι, she has anticipated the anointing (hath anointed beforehand), Mark 14:8; cf. Meyer at the passage; Winer's Grammar, § 54, 4.

3. to take one by forestalling (him i. e. before he can flee or conceal his crime), i. e. surprise, detect (Wis. 17:16): τινα ἐν παραπτώματι, passive, Galatians 6:1; cf. Winer, Epistle to the Galatians, the passage cited

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** προ -λαμβάνω ,

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 17:11 א 2, Wisdom of Solomon 17:17 א 2B *;]

1. to take beforehand: c. acc, 1 Corinthians 11:21 (but v. infr.).

2. to be beforehand, anticipate (in cl., c. acc, gen. or dat.): c. inf. (= cl. φθάνω , v. Bl., § 69, 4; Swete, in l), Mark 14:8.

3. to overtake, surprise: pass., Galatians 6:1 (on the virtual disappearance of the temporal force of the preposition in this compound here and perhaps also in 1Co, l.c., v. MM, xxi).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";appoint beforehand,"; which in Biblical Greek is confined to Acts 10:41, meets us in the official report BGU IV. 1191.6 (c. end i/B.C.) τῶι προκεχειροτονημένωι. Cf. χειροτονέω.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προέλαβε προελαβεν προέλαβεν προλαμβανει προλαμβάνει προλημφθη προλημφθῇ προληφθή proelaben proélaben prolambanei prolambánei prolemphthe prolēmphthē prolemphthêi prolēmphthē̂i