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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4170 - πολεμέω

from (G4171)
Parts of Speech
  1. to war, carry on war
  2. to fight
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3898 ‑ לָחַם (law‑kham');  6887 ‑ צָרַר (tsaw‑rar');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (7)
NAS (11)
HCS (7)
BSB (7)
ESV (7)
WEB (7)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. Iterat. πολεμέεσκε Acus. 22J.: fut. -ήσω X. An. 2.6.5: pf. πεπολέμηκα Arist. Rh. 1396a11, Ephipp. 9: Med., aor. ἐπολεμησάμην ( κατ- ) Plb. 11.31.6: Pass., πολεμηθήσομαι Id. 2.41.14, etc.; πολεμήσομαι in pass. sense, Th. 1.68, 8.43, D. 23.110: aor. ἐπολεμήθην Th. 5.26: pf. πεπολέμημαι ( κατα- ) Id. 6.16: ( πόλεμος ): to be at war or make war, Id. 1.140, etc.; ἀφ' ἡσυχίας πολεμῆσαι ib. 124; opp. εἰρήνην ἄγειν, Id. 5.76; τινι with one, Hdt. 6.37, IG 22.236.19, etc.; πολεμοῦσαι πρὸς ἀλλήλας πόλεις X. Vect. 5.8, cf. Pl. Lg. 686b, SIG 182.12 (Argos, iv B.C. ), etc.; μετά τινος or σύν τινι in conjunction with . ., X. HG 7.1.27, An. 2.6.5; περὶ τῆς ἀρχῆς π. Hdt. 6.98 .

2. fight, do battle, ἀπὸ τῶν ἵππων Pl. Prt. 350a; ἀπὸ [καμήλων ] X. Cyr. 7.1.49; but ἀφ' ὅτου πολεμήσωμεν what our means of war are, And. 3.16 .

3. generally, quarrel, wrangle with one, X. Cyr. 1.3.11; π. χρείᾳ S. OC 191 (anap.), cf. E. Ion 1386; τισὶν ὑπέρ τινος D. 18.31: metaph. of disease, Gal. 1.103.

II later c. acc., make war upon, τὴν πόλιν Din. 1.36 codd.; τὰς Ἀθήνας D.S. 4.61, cf. 13.84, 14.37, LXX 1 Maccabees 5:30, etc.; τὰς Συρακούσας Plb. 1.15.10, etc.: metaph., τὰς σταφυλάς Alciphr. 3.22: Pass., also in early writers, have war made upon one, to be treated as enemies, Th. 1.37, X. HG 7.4.20; ὑπό τινων Isoc. 5.49; καὶ αὐτοὶ . . ἐκ πολλοῦ πολεμούμενοι D. 18.43; αὐτὸς μὲν πολεμεῖν ὑμῖν, ὑφ' ὑμῶν δὲ μὴ πολεμεῖσθαι Id. 9.9; -ηθείσης τῆς χώρας OGI 748.8 (Cyzicus, iii B.C. ).

2. c. acc. cogn., πόλεμον π. Pl. R. 551d, Arist.l.c., etc.: Pass., [ πολέμους] τοὺς ἐπὶ Θησέως πολεμηθέντας X. Mem. 3.5.10; κατὰ θάλατταν ὁ π. ἐπολεμεῖτο Id. HG 5.1.1, cf. Pl. R. 600a; ὅσα ἐπολεμήθη whatever hostilities took place, X. An. 4.1.1; τὰ περὶ Πύλον κατὰ κράτος ἐπολεμεῖτο Th. 4.23, cf. 3.6 . The form used by Poets is πολεμίζω.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πολεμέω , -

(< πόλεμος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H3898 ni.;]

to make war, fight: Revelation 12:7 b Revelation 19:11; seq. μετά (2 Samuel 21:15 and v. M, Pr., 106, 247), Revelation 2:16; Revelation 12:7 a Revelation 13:4; Revelation 17:14; hyperb., of private quarrels, James 4:2.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For exx. of this verb meaning ";write above,"; ";write already,"; with the temporal force of the preposition much weakened as in Ephesians 3:3, cf. P Petr III. 104.11 (B.C. 244–3) τὸ προγεγραμμένον ἐκφόριον ";the above written rent,"; PSI I. 64.24 (i/B.C.?) Θαι ̣, ς ̣ ὀμω ̣μοκα τὸν προγεγραμμένον ὅρκον, P Amh II. 135.12 (early ii/A.D.) ὁ κύριος τῇ γ ̄ προέγραψεν, ";the master wrote on the third,"; and P Oxy I. 79.17 (A.D. 181–192) (= Selections, p. 89) ὀμνύω. . . ἀληθῆ εἶν [αι ] τὸ προ [γεγραμμένα.

The formulae of quotations in the NT may also be illustrated from the legal language of the time—καθότι προγέγραπται. (P Tebt II. 386.24—marriage-contract, B.C. 12), κατὰ τὰ προγεγραμμένα (CPR I. 4.24—deed of sale, A.D. 52–53).

For the forcible meaning ";placard up"; which, as Light-foot pointed out (Comm. ad l.), προγράφω has in Galatians 3:1, we can now provide fresh exx. Thus in announcing that he will no longer be responsible for his son’s debts a father directs that a public proclamation to that effect be set up, P Flor I. 99.11 (i/ii A.D.) (= Selections, p. 72) ̣[ξιοῦμεν ? π ]ρογραφῆναι. To much the same effect we may quote from the inscrr, IG X. 4.24 τόπος. . . ὃς προεγέγραπτο πωλούμενος. . . ἐν τῆι διόδωι τῆς ἀγορᾶς : cf. also the question to an oracle P Oxy XII. 1477.11 (iii/iv A.D.) εἶ προγράφεται τὰ ἐμά; ";is my property to be sold by auction?"; (Edd.), and P Tebt II. 411.8 (ii/A.D.) οἷός τε ἦν καὶ προγράψαι εἰ μὴ ἐπηγγειλάμην σήμερόν σε παρέσασθαι, ";he might even have proscribed you, had I not promised that you would be present to-day"; (Edd.) See also Field Notes, p. 189. For the double compd. προαπογράφω, cf. P Ryl II. 102.39 (2nd half ii/A.D.).

The subst. πρόγραμμα is frequent with reference to official and other notices, e.g. P Tebt I. 35.8 (B.C. 111) τὸ δ᾽ ὑποκείμενον πρόγραμμα ἐκτεθήιτωι καὶ διὰ τῆς τοῦ κωμογραμματέως γνώμης, ";let the following proclamation be published with the concurrence of the komogrammateus"; (Edd.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επολέμει επολέμεις επολέμησα επολέμησαν επολέμησάν επολέμησε επολεμησεν επολέμησεν ἐπολέμησεν επολέμουν πολεμει πολεμεί πολεμεῖ πολέμει πολεμείν πολεμειτε πολεμείτε πολεμεῖτε πολεμησαι πολεμήσαι πολεμήσαί πολεμῆσαι πολεμήσατε πολεμήσει πολεμήσεις πολεμήσετε πολεμήσητε πολεμήσομεν πολέμησον πολεμήσουσι πολεμήσουσί πολεμησουσιν πολεμήσουσιν πολεμησω πολεμήσω πολεμήσωμεν πολεμικά πολεμική πολεμικοίς πολεμικόν πολέμιος πολεμίου πολεμισταί πολεμισταίς πολεμιστάς πολεμιστήν πολεμιστής πολεμιστών πολεμίων πολεμουμένη πολεμούντα πολεμούντας πολεμούντάς πολεμούντες πολεμούντές πολεμούντων πολεμούσιν πολεμών epolemesen epolemēsen epolémesen epolémēsen polemei polemeî polemeite polemeîte polemesai polemêsai polemēsai polemē̂sai polemeso polemēsō polemḗso polemḗsō polemesousin polemēsousin polemḗsousin
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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