the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4124 - πλεονεξία
- greedy desire to have more, covetousness, avarice
Ion. -ιη, ἡ,
greediness, assumption, arrogance, τῶν Σπαρτιητέων ἡ π. Hdt. 7.149, cf. And. 4.13, Th. 3.82, Isoc. 12.240, Pl. R. 359c, X. HG 3.5.15; π. συγγενική wrong done to one's kin, Iamb. VP 24.108 .
2. assumption, αἱ ἐν τῷ πυνθάνεσθαι π. Arist. SE 175a19 .
II advantage, Isoc. 4.183, 15.275, D. 23.128: pl., αἱ ἐν τῷ πολέμῳ π. Isoc. 3.22, etc.; αἱ π. αἱ ἴδιαι, αἱ δημόσιαι, X. Cyn. 13.10; ἐπὶ πλεονεξίᾳ with a view to one's own advantage, Th. 3.84, X. Mem. 1.6.12; μετὰ πλεονεξίας τινὸς ἀγωνίζεσθαι πρὸς [τὰ θηρία ] Id. Cyr. 1.6.28; πλεονεξίαι ψυχῆς excellences, Plot. 4.6.3 .
2. a larger share of a thing, τῶν πολιτικῶν δικαίων Arist. Pol. 1282b29 .
3. gain derived from a thing, τὴν ἐπὶ τῶν ἰδίων δικῶν πλεονεξίαν D. 21.28; αἱ π. τῶν πλουσίων undue gains, Arist. Pol. 1297a11, cf. Pl. R. 586b; π. ἔκ τινος Plb. 6.56.3 .
III excess, opp. ἔνδεια, Pl. Ti. 82a .
πλεονεξία, πλεονεξίας, ἡ (πλεονέκτης, which see), greedy desire to have more, covetousness, avarice: Luke 12:15; Romans 1:29; Ephesians 4:19; Ephesians 5:3; Colossians 3:5; 1 Thessalonians 2:5; 2 Peter 2:3 (on the omission of the article in the last two passages, cf. Winer's Grammar, 120 (114)), 14; ὡς (Rec. ὥσπερ) πλεονεξίαν (as a matter of covetousness), i. e. a gift which betrays the giver's covetousness, 2 Corinthians 9:5 (here R. V. text extortion); plural various modes in which covetousness shows itself, covetings (cf. Winers Grammar, § 27, 3; Buttmann, 77 (67)), Mark 7:22. (In the same and various other senses by secular writings from Herodotus and Thucydides down.) (Trench, N. T. Synonyms, § xxiv., and (in partial correction) Lightfoot's Commentary on Colossians 3:5.)
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πλεονεξία , -ας , ἡ
(< πλεονέκτης ),
[in LXX for H1215;]
the character and conduct of a πλεονέκτης .
2. desire for advantage, grasping, aggression, cupidity, covetousness: Luke 12:15, Romans 1:29, 2 Corinthians 9:5, Ephesians 4:19 (v. ICC, in l) Ephesians 5:3, Colossians 3:5, 1 Thessalonians 2:5, 2 Peter 2:3; 2 Peter 2:14; pl. (v. Bl., § 32, 6), Mark 7:22.†
SYN.: φιλαργυρία G5365, avarice (v. Tr., Syn., § xxiv).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
πότος occurs in 1 Peter 4:3 = ";a drinking bout"; : cf. the meaning ";banquet"; in Genesis 19:3 al. and Aristeas 262. For the corresponding adj. used as a subst. in a more general sense, see PSI I. 64.21 (i/B.C.?), where a woman comes under a solemn promise not to administer philtres to her husband, nor to put anything hurtful μήτε ἐν ποτοῖς μήτε ἐν βρωτοῖς. Cf. also P Oxy XIV. 1673.12 (ii/A.D.) ἐκ δὲ τῶν ἐνκλισθέντων εὖρον ἐκ [τ ]ῆς α ̄ λη (νοῦ) ποτὴ (ν) α ̄, ";of what was stored I found of the first vat 1 drinkable"; (Edd.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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