the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3857 - παράδεισος
- among the Persians a grand enclosure or preserve, hunting ground, park, shady and well watered, in which wild animals, were kept for the hunt; it was enclosed by walls and furnished with towers for the hunters
- a garden, pleasure ground
- grove, park
- the part of Hades which was thought by the later Jews to be the abode of the souls of pious until the resurrection: but some understand this to be a heavenly paradise
- the upper regions of the heavens. According to the early church Fathers, the paradise in which our first parents dwelt before the fall still exists, neither on the earth or in the heavens, but above and beyond the world
(also παράδισος SIG 463.8 (Crete, iii B. C.)),
enclosed park or pleasure-ground, Oriental word first used by X., always in reference to the parks of the Persian kings and nobles; π. μέγας ἀγρίων θηρίων πλήρης An. 1.2.7; π. δασὺς παντοίων δένδρων ib. 2.4.14; τὰ ἐν π. θηρία Cyr. 1.3.14; θῆραι.. ἐν περιειργμένοις παραδείσοις HG 4.1.15, cf. Thphr. HP 4.4.1, AJA 16.13 (Sardes, 300 B.C.), LXX Nehemiah 2:8, Plu. Art. 25.
2. generally, garden, orchard, PRLaws 33.11 (iii B. C.), PCair.Zen. 33.3 (iii B. C.), OGI 90.15 (Rosetta, ii B. C.), LXX Ca. 4.13, Ecclesiastes 2:5, CIG 2694b (Mylasa), PFay. 55.7 (ii A. D.), etc.
3. the garden of Eden, LXX Genesis 2:8. Paradise, the abode of the blessed, Luke 23:43; . expl. of μακάρων νῆσοι, Procl. ad Hes. Op. 169.
II stupid fellow, Com.Adesp. 1102. (Persian word, cf. Poll. 9.13, Phot., and Avest. pairidaçza - 'enclosure'.)
παράδεισος, παραδείσου, ὁ (thought by most to be of Persian orion, by others of Armenian, cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus, ii., p. 1124; (B. D., under the word; especially Fried. Delitzsch, We lag das Paradies? Leipzig 1881, pp. 95-97; cf. Max Müller, Selected Essays, i., 129f)),
1. among the Persians a grand enclosure or preserve, hunting-ground, park, shady and well-watered, in which wild animals were kept for the hunt; it was enclosed by walls and furnished with towers for the hunters: Xenophon, Cyril 1, 3, 14; (1, 4, 5); 8, 1, 38; oec. 4, 13 and 14; anab. 1, 2, 7, 9; Theophrastus, h. pl. 5, 8, 1; Diodorus 16, 41; 14, 80; Pint. Artax. 25, cf. Curt; 8, 1, 11.
2. universally, a garden, pleasure-ground; grove, park: Lucian, v. h. 2, 23; Aelian v. h. 1, 33; Josephus, Antiquities 7, 14, 4; 8, 7, 3; 9, 10, 4; 10, 3, 2 and 11, 1; b. j. 6, 1, 1; (c. Apion. 1, 19, 9 (where cf. Müller)); Susanna 4, 7, 15, etc.; Sir. 24:30; and so it passed into the Hebrew language, פַּרְדֵּס, Nehemiah 2:8; Ecclesiastes 2:5; Song of Solomon 4:13; besides in the Sept. mostly for גַּן; thus, for that delightful region, 'the garden of Eden,' in which our first parents dwelt before the fall: Genesis 2:8ff; 3:1ff.
3. that part of Hades which was thought by the later Jews to be the abode of the souls of the pious until the resurrection: Luke 23:43, cf. 16:23f. But some (e. g. Dillmann (as below, p. 379)) understand that passage of the heavenly paradise.
4. an upper region in the heavens: 2 Corinthians 12:4 (where some maintain, others deny, that the term is equivalent to ὁ τρίτος οὐρανός in 2 Corinthians 12:2); with the addition of τοῦ Θεοῦ, genitive of possessor, the abode of God and heavenly beings, to which true Christians will be taken after death, Revelation 2:7 (cf. Genesis 13:10; Ezekiel 28:13; Ezekiel 31:8). According to the opinion of many of the church Fathers, the paradise in which our first parents dwelt before the fall still exists, neither on earth nor in the heavens, but above and beyond the world; cf. Thilo, Cod. apocr. Nov. Test., on Evang. Nicod. c. xxv., p. 748ff; and Bleek thinks that the word ought to be taken in this sense in Revelation 2:7. Cf. Dillmann under the word Paradies in Schenkel iv. 377ff; also Hilgenfeld, Die Clement. Recogn. und Hom., p. 87f; Klöpper on 2 Corinthians 12:2-4, p. 507ff ((Göttingen, 1869). See also B. D.,
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
παράδεισος , -ου , ὁ
(an Oriental word, first used by Xen. of the parks of Persian kings and nobles),
1. a park, pleasure-ground, garden (LXX), an orchard (in Papyri, v. MM, ii, xviii; Deiss., BS, 148).
2. Paradise, the abode of the blessed dead: Luke 23:43, 2 Corinthians 12:4, Revelation 2:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
the general transliteration in the LXX of פֶסַח, is applied in the NT to (a) the paschal lamb (Mark 14:12, 1 Corinthians 5:7), or (b) the paschal supper (Mark 14:1), or (c) the paschal festival as a whole (Luke 22:1). For the form of the word see a note by Nestle in Exp T xxi. p. 521 f.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.