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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3715 - ὄρεξις

from (G3713)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. desire, longing, craving for
  2. eager desire, lust, appetite
    1. used both in a good and a bad sense, as well of natural and lawful and even of proper cravings (of appetite for food), also of corrupt and unlawful desires
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Romans 1
NAS (1)
Romans 1
HCS (1)
Romans 1
BSB (1)
Romans 1
WEB (0)
WEB (1)
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὄρεξις, εως, ἡ,


general word for all kinds of appetency, conation, including ἐπιθυμία, θυμός, βούλησις, Arist. de An. 414b2, cf. 433a13, al., Stoic. 3.40, Epicur. Fr. 202, Metrod. Herc. 831.16, Phld. Mus. p.78 K.; opp. φυγή, Arist. de An. 431a12; opp. ἔκκλισις, Arr. Epict. 1.4.1, M.Ant. 8.7.

1 c. gen. objecti, longing or yearning after a thing, desire for it, Democr. 219, Pl. Def. 414b, Arist. EN 1119b7, de An. 414b6, al.: more rarely, ὄ. ἐπί τι Plu. 2.48c; περί τι Democr. 72.

2. abs., propension, appetency, ὄ. βουλευτική Arist. EN 1113a11; ὄ. διανοητική ib. 1139b5; [ἐπιθυμίαι τινὲς] εὐδιάχυτον τὴν ὄ. ἔχουσιν Epicur. Sent. 26.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὄρεξις, ὀρέξεως, (ὀρέγομαι, which see), desire, longing, craving, for; eager desire, lust, appetite: of lust, Romans 1:27. It is used both in a good and a bad sense, as well of natural and lawful and even of proper cravings (of the appetite for food, Wis. 16:2f; Plutarch, mor., p. 635 c.; others; ἐπιστήμης, Plato, de fin., p. 414 b.), as also of corrupt and unlawful desires, Sir. 18:30 Sir. 23:6; ἄλογοι and λογιστικαι ὀρεξεις are contrasted in Aristotle, rhet. 1, 10, 7. (Cf. Trench, § lxxxvii.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ὄρεξις , -εως , ,

(< ὀρέγομαι ),

[in LXX Wisdom of Solomon 14:2; Wisdom of Solomon 15:5; Wisdom of Solomon 16:2-3, Sirach 18:30; Sirach 23:6, 4 Maccabees 1:33; 4 Maccabees 1:35*;]

the most general ward for all kinds of desire, longing, appetite: of lust, Romans 1:27.

SYN.: see πάθος G3806.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this NT ἅπ. εἰρ. (1 Corinthians 10:7) cf. the sepulchral inscr. Kaibel 362.5 (ii/iii A.D.)—

παῖσον, τρύφησον, ζῆσον · ἀποθανεῖν σε δεῖ.

The verb is found in the magic P Lond 121.428 ( iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 98); cf. the compounds ἐμπαίζω s.v., προσπαίζω in P Par 50.21 (B.C. 159) (= UPZ i. p. 365) προσπαίζουσι αὐτ < >, and συμπαίζω in BGU IV. 1027xxvi. 20 (end iv/A.D.) συμπέ (= αί)ζοντες τῇ ἡγεμονικῇ [τάξει, and in P Cairo Preis 2.11 (s.v. πεῖρα). See also Aristeas 284 θεωρεῖν ὅσα παίζεται μετὰ περιστολῆς, ";to watch plays which are played with propriety"; (Thackeray), and the subst. παίστης in P Gen I. 73.5 (ii/iii A.D.) (= Chrest. I. p. 575), where a woman makes a contract for herself σὺν ἄλλοις παισταῖς τρισ [, ";with three other dancers.";

For the tense formation of παίζω cf. Thackeray Gr. i. p. 222, and note MGr ἔπαιξα, ἐπαίχτηκα : see also Hatzidakis, Einl. p. 135 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ορεξει ορέξει ὀρέξει orexei oréxei