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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3639 - ὄλεθρος

from a primary ollumi (to destroy, a prolonged form)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. ruin, destroy, death
    1. for the destruction of the flesh, said of the external ills and troubles by which the lusts of the flesh are subdued and destroyed
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 343 ‑ אֵיד (ade);  2764 ‑ חֶרֶם (khay'‑rem, kheh'‑rem);  3582 ‑ כָּחַד (kaw‑khad');  4923 ‑ מְשַׁמָּה (mesh‑am‑maw');  6343 ‑ פַּחַד (pakh'‑ad);  7057 ‑ קִימוֹשׁ (kim‑moshe', kee‑moshe');  7701 ‑ שׁוֹד (shode, shode);  7703 ‑ שָׁדַד (shaw‑dad');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
1 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
NAS (5)
1 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
HCS (4)
1 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
BSB (4)
1 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
ESV (4)
1 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
WEB (5)
1 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὄλεθρ-ος, ὁ,

I ruin, destruction, death, αἰπὺς ὄ. Il. 11.174, al.; λυγρὸς ὄ. 10.174, al.; ὄ. ἀδευκής Od. 4.489; οἴκτιστος ὄ. 23.79; ἵνα ψυχῆς ὤκιστος ὄ. Il. 22.325; ὀλέθρου πείρατα, like τέλος θανάτοιο, the consummation of death, 6.143; ., opp. γένεσις, Parm. 8.21, 27; οὐκ εἰς ὄλεθρον; as an imprecation, plague take thee! S. OT 430; χρημάτων ὀλέθρῳ by destruction of property. Th. 7.27; εἶναι ἐν ὀλέθρῳ Antipho 1.29; ἐπ' ὀλέθρῳ τῶν χρωμένων E. Ph. 534; ἐκκλησιάζειν ἐπ' ὀλέθρῳ Ar. Th. 84; οὐκ ἐπὶ δουλείᾳ κολάζοντες οὐδ' ἐπ' ὀλέθρῳ Pl. R. 471a: pl., Phld. Rh. 2.140S.

II that which causes destruction, pest, plague, Hes. Th. 326; contemptuously of persons, γεγονὼς κακῶς καὶ ἐὼν ὄ. Hdt. 3.142; ὑπὸ γερόντων ὀ. Ar. Lys. 325; ὄ. ἄνθρωπος Eup. 376, cf. Men. 533.13; ὄ. Μακεδών, of Philip, D. 9.31; ὄ. γραμματεύς a pestilent scribe, of Aeschines, Id. 18.127; τὸν βάσκανον, τὸν δ' ὄ. the cheat, the pest! Id. 21.209; ἀνθρώπους οὐδ' ἐλευθέρους ἀλλ' ὀ. Id. 23.202; πολλοὶ ὄ. καὶ μεγάλοι Pl. R. 491b.

III seduction, Ἑλένης E. IA 1382 (troch.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὀλέθριος, ὀλέθριον (in secular authors also of three term., as in Wis. 18:15) (ὄλεθρος), from (Homer), Herodotus down, destructive, deadly: δίκην, 2 Thessalonians 1:9 Lachmann text

STRONGS NT 3639: ὄλεθρος ὄλεθρος, ὄλεθρον (ὄλλυμι to destroy (perhaps (ὀλνυμι) allied to Latinvulnus)), from Homer down, rain, destruction, death: 1 Thessalonians 5:3; 1 Timothy 6:9; εἰς ὄλεθρον τῆς σαρκός, for the destruction of the flesh, said of the external ills and troubles by which the lusts of the flesh are subdued and destroyed, 1 Corinthians 5:5 (see παραδίδωμι, 2); equivalent to the loss of a life of blessedness after death, future misery, αἰώνιος (as 4 Macc. 10:15): 2 Thessalonians 1:9 (where L text ὀλέθριον, which see), cf. Wis. 1:12.

STRONGS NT 3639a: ὀλιγοπιστία ὀλιγοπιστία, ὀλιγοπιστιας, , littleness of faith, little faith: Matthew 17:20 L T Tr WH, for R G ἀπιστία. (Several times in ecclesiastical and Byzantine writings.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὀλέθριος , -ον

(also -α , -ον , as in Wis, l.c.),

[in LXX : 1 Kings 20:42 (H2764), Wisdom of Solomon 18:15*;]

destructive, deadly: δίκην , 2 Thessalonians 1:9, L, txt (for ὄλωεθρος ,, q.v.).†

ὄλεθρος , -ον

(< ὄλλυμι , to destroy),

[in LXX for H7701. H7703, etc.;]

ruin, destruction, death: 1 Thessalonians 5:3, 1 Timothy 6:9; αἰώνιος , 2 Thessalonians 1:9 (L, txt., ὀλέθριος , q.v.); εἰς ὄ . τῆς σαρκός , for physical discipline, to destroy carnal lusts, 1 Corinthians 5:5.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ὅς is found as a demonstrative pronoun in P Ryl II. 144.14 (complaint of assault—A.D. 38) ὃς δὲ ἐκ τοῦ ἐναντίου ἄλογον ἀηδίαν μοι ἐπιχειρήσας παρεχρήσατό μοι πολλὰ καὶ ἄσχημα, ";whereupon he opposing me made a brutal and odious attack upon me and subjected me to much shameful mishandling"; (Edd.) : cf. Mark 15:23,John 5:11. For ὃς μέν. . . ὃς δέ, ";the one . . the other,"; as in Matthew 21:35 al., see P Oxy IX. 1189.7 (c. A.D. 117) ἐπιστολὰς δύο ἃς ἔγραψα ἣν μὲν σοὶ ἣν δέ Σαβείνῳ, and for ὃς δέ solitarium see PSI. IV. 313.8 (iii/iv A.D.) with the editor’s note.

Ὃς ἄν (ἐάν) c. conj. = ";whosoever"; may be illustrated by P Par 46.22 (B.C. 153) (= Witkowski.2, p. 87), περὶ ὧν ἂν βούληι γράφε, P Grenf I. 30.6 (B.C. 103) [φ ]᾽ οἷς ἂν οὖν ὑμῶν προσδέωνται, P Oxy IV. 743.33 (B.C. 2) ἐν οἷς ἐὰν σοῦ προσδέηται, 39 ὑπὲρ ὧν ἐὰν θέλῃς. For the comparative usage of ὃς ἄν and ὃς ἐάν, see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 68, ited s.v. ἄν. The relative preceding its ";antecedent"; is common, e.g. P Amh II. 35.16 (B.C. 132) τῶν ἐκφορίων ἧς γεωργοῦσι ἱερᾶς γῆς Σοκνοπαίου θεου μεγάλου, ";the rents of the land sacred to the great god Soknopaeus which they cultivate"; (Edd.).

Pleonastic ὅς is seen in P Ryl II. 160.3 (A.D. 28–9) ὁν (l. ὧν) τὰ μέτρα ὅλης τῆς οἰκίας καὶ αὐλῆς ἃ πρόγειται, ";of which the measurements and adjacent areas of the whole house and court are as aforesaid"; (Edd.). Cf. also P OxyI.117.15 (ii/iii A.D.) ἐξ ὧν δώσεις τοῖς παιδίοις σου ἓν ἐξ αὐτῶν, ";one of which please give to your children"; (Edd.).

A few exx. may be cited of ὅς with prepositions—P Petr II. 40 (a).26 (iii/B.C.) (= III. p. 149, Witkowski.2, p. 42) ἀφ᾽ οὗ (cf. Luke 13:25) ἡ ἐλεφαντηγὸς κατεποντίσθη, BGU I. 252.9 (A.D. 98) ἀφ᾽ ἧς (sc. ἡμέρας, cf. the ellipsis of ὥρας in Luke 7:45) [ἐὰ ]ν ἀπα [ι ]τ [η ]θῇ : P Petr II. II (1).8 (iii/B.C.) (= Selections, p. 8) γράφε δ᾽ ἡμῖν καὶ σύ, ἵνα εἰδῶμεν ἐν οἶς εἶ, P Tebt I. 58.41 (B.C. III) (= Witkowski.2, p. 104) ἐν οἷς εἰσιν (";in quo numero comprehenduntur";) οἱ διὰ τοῦ νομοῦ κω (μο)γρ (αμματεῖς) : P Oxy VII.1027.6 (i/A.D.) ἐξ οὗ καὶ ἐξεχομένου μου τῆς τῶ [ν ] ἠνεχυρασμένων προσβολῆς, ";when I there fore pursued my right of entry upon the transferred property"; (Ed.) : P Amh II. 31.16 (B.C. 112) ἐφ᾽ ὧι (cf. Romans 5:12) ταξαμένη ἕξε ̣ι ̣ ἐν φυτείαι τὸν τόπον φοίνιξι, ";on the understanding that, having paid this sum, she shall retain the plot planted with palms"; (Edd.), P Oxy II. 286.12 (A.D. 82) ἐφ᾽ οἷς ἄλλοις ἡ ἀσφάλεια περιέχει, ";with the other guarantees contained in the agreement"; (Edd.) : BGU III. 846.12 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 94) παιπαίδ ̣δευμαι, καθ᾽ ὃν δῖ (= δεῖ, Wilcken) τρόπον, ";punished I have been, as I deserve"; : and P Ryl II. 144.13 (A.D. 38) ὑπὲρ οὗ ἔχω πρὸς αὐτὸν ἐνεχύρου, ";concerning a pledge I have against him"; (Edd.).

Τίς is used for ὅς in BGU III. 822.5 (iii/A.D.) εὗρον γεο (= ω)ργόν, τίς αὐτὰ ἑλκύσῃ, ἀλλὰ τὰ σπέρματα τίς διδοῖ : —a usage of which there is no instance in the NT. On the other hand Radermacher (Gr. p. 63 note) finds in Matthew 26:50 ἑταῖρε, ἐφ᾽ ὃ πάρει the earliest ex. of ὅς in place of the interrogative τίς, and refers to Usener Der hl. Tychon, p. 50. He thus supports the AV rendering of Mt l.c. : cf. Sharp Epict. p. 41 f. For another suggestion see Rendel Harris, Exp T xxxv. p. 523 f.

In MGr ὅς is rarely used even in writing, and has disappeared in common speech; ";so simple a form ceased to satisfy the desire for emphasis"; (Jebb in Vincent and Dickson, Handbook to Modern Greek, p. 302). It survives in the compound ἐνῷ, ";during,"; ";while"; (cf. ἐν ᾧ Mark 2:19, Luke 5:34, John 5:7).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ολεθρον όλεθρον ὄλεθρον ολεθρος όλεθρος ὄλεθρος ολέθρου ολέκει ολέκεις ολέκομαι ολιγόβιος olethron ólethron olethros ólethros