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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3591 - ὄγκος

probably from the same as (G43)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. whatever is prominent, protuberance, bulk, mass
    1. hence a burden, weight, encumbrance
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KJV (1)
Hebrews 1
NAS (1)
Hebrews 1
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Hebrews 1
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(A), ,

1. barb of an arrow, in pl., the barbed points, νεῦρόν τε καὶ ὄγκους Il. 4.151, cf. 214; ὄγκοι τοῦ βέλους Philostr. Im. 2.23: sg., Onos. 19.3.

2. οἱ τῆς νεὼς ὄ. brackets, Moschio ap. Ath. 5.208b.


(B), ,

1. bulk, size, mass of a body, μελέων ἀριδείκετον ὄ. Emp. 20.1; ἀέρος ὄ. Id. 100.13; σφαίρης ἐναλίγκιον ὄγκῳ Parm. 8.43: freq. in Pl., μήτε ὄγκῳ μήτε ἀριθμῷ Tht. 155a; τὸν.. ὄ. τοῦ ἀριθμοῦ their total number, Lg. 737c; τὸν τῶν σαρκῶν ὄ. ib. 959c; σμικρᾶς πόλεως ὄ. a city of small size, Plt. 259b; ἔχθρας ὄ. μέγαν Lg. 843b; θαυμαστὸν ὄ. ἀράμενοι τοῦ μύθου taking on my shoulders a monstrous great story, Plt. 277b, etc.: freq. also in Arist., the space filled by a body, opp. τὸ κενόν, Ph. 203b28, al.; ἴσος τὸν ὄ. in bulk, GC 326b20; ὄγκῳ μικρόν EN 1178a1, etc. flatulent distentions, Diocl.Fr. 43 (pl.).

2. bulk, mass, body, ὄ. φρυγάνων a heap of faggots, Hdt. 4.62; ὄ. μαλθακός mass or roll of something soft, Hp. Art. 26; σμικρὸς ὄ. ἐν σμικρῷ κύτει, of a dead man's ashes, S. El. 1142; γαστρὸς ὄ., of a child in the womb, E. Ion 15; ὄ. πλήρης φλεβίων Arist. HA 515b1: pl., ὄγκοι bodies, material substances, Id. Metaph. 1085a12, 1089b14; also ὁ ὄ. τῆς φωνῆς the volume of the note, Id. Aud. 804a15.

3. a bushy top-knot, Poll. 4.133.

4. the human body, τῆς χολῆς ἀναχεομένης εἰς τὸν ὄ. Ruf. Anat. 30, cf. Sor. 1.26, Plu. 2.653f, Gal. 1.272.


1. metaph., bulk, weight, trouble, βραχεῖ σὺν ὄ. S. OC 1341.

2. weight, dignity, pride, and in bad sense, self-importance, pretension, ὄ. ὀνόματος μητρῷος pride in the name of mother, Id. Tr. 817; ὄγκον αἴρειν exalt one's dignity, Id. Aj. 129; βραχὺν.. μῦθον οὐκ ὄγκου πλέων of pretension, Id. OC 1162; μείζον' ὄ. δορὸς ἤ φρενῶν E. Tr. 1158; ἔχει τιν' ὄ. Ἄργος Ἑλλήνων πάρα Id. Ph. 717; ἐς ὄ. βλέπειν τύχης Id. Fr. 81; τοῖς ζῶσι δ' ὄγκος Id. Rh. 760; ὁ τῶν ὑπεροπτικῶν ὄ. Isoc. 1.30; τῷ.. γένους ὄγκῳ Pl. Alc. 1.121b; πραγμάτων ὄ. Epicur. Fr. 548; τῆς ἀρχῆς τὸ μέγεθος καὶ ὁ ὄ. Plu. Fab. 4; ὄγκον περιθεῖναί τινι Id. Per. 4, etc.

3. of style, loftiness, majesty, ὄ. τῆς λέξεως Arist. Rh. 1407b26; ὁ τοῦ ποιήματος ὄ. Id. Po. 1459b28, cf. Demetr. Eloc. 36, al.: in bad sense, bombast, ὁ Αἰσχύλου ὄ. Plu. 2.79b.

III in Philos., particle, mass, body, Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.16U., Nat. 12G., Ascl Bith. ap. S.E. M. 9.363; so in the physiology of the Methodics, ὄγκοι καὶ πόροι, = molecules and pores, Id. ap. Gal. 1.499.


(C), ον, as Adj.; v. cross ὀγκηρός fin.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὄγκος, ὀγδου, (apparently from ἘΓΚΩ, ἐνεγκεῖν, equivalent to φόρτος, see Buttmann, Lexil. i. 288ff (Fishlake's translation, p. 151f), whatever is prominent, protuberance, bulk, mass, hence), a burden, weight, encumbrance: Hebrews 12:1. (In many other uses in Greek writings of all ages.) [SYNONYMS: ὄγκος, βάρος, φορτίον: βάρος refers to weight, o. to bulk, and either may be oppressive (contra Tittmann); βάρος a load in so far as it is heavy, φορτίον a burden in so far as it is borne; hence, the φορτίον may be either 'heavy' (Matthew 23:4; Sir. 21:16), or 'light' (Matthew 11:30).]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ὄγκος , -ου , ,

bulk, mass; metaph., an encumbrance: Hebrews 12:1.†

SYN.: βάρος G922, a weight; φορτίον G5413, a burden, that which is borne.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy VI. 900.7 (A.D. 322) ὑποβληθέντος ε ̣̀τ ̣ι εἰς κονδουκτορίαν τοῦ ὀξέος δρόμου τοῦ εὐτυχῶς εἰσιόντος ἔτους, ";I have besides been nominated as contractor for the express-post for the year auspiciously approaching"; (Edd.) : see the editors’ note, and cf. Romans 3:15 ὀξεῖς οἱ πόδες αὐτῶν ἐκχέαι αἷμα. It may be noted that the express postal service (cursus velox) with horses was introduced into Egypt after the time of Diocletian, to give way, however, under Justinian to the old service with asses : cf. P Flor I. 39.7 (A.D. 396), P Oxy I. 140.7 (A.D. 550), and see the introduction to P Hamb I. 9. On the form ὀξεῖα cf. Moulton Gr. ii. p. 118. The comp. ὀξύτερον is contrasted with βαθύτερον in P Lond 899.5 (ii/A.D.) (= III. p. 208) in connexion with some purple, πορφύριον.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ογκον όγκον ὄγκον onkon ónkon