Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, September 23rd, 2023
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Take our poll

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3522 - νηστεύω

from (G3523)
Parts of Speech
Search for…
Browse by letter:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
  1. to abstain as a religious exercise from food and drink: either entirely, if the fast lasted but a single day, or from customary and choice nourishment, if it continued several days
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6684 ‑ צוּם (tsoom);  7121 ‑ קָרָא (kaw‑raw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (23)
Matthew 8
Mark 7
Luke 5
Acts 3
NAS (20)
Matthew 8
Mark 6
Luke 4
Acts 2
HCS (20)
Matthew 8
Mark 6
Luke 4
Acts 2
BSB (20)
Matthew 8
Mark 6
Luke 4
Acts 2
ESV (20)
Matthew 8
Mark 6
Luke 4
Acts 2
WEB (22)
Matthew 9
Mark 6
Luke 4
Acts 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


1. fast, Ar. Av. 1519, Th. 949, Matthew 6:16, etc.; νηστεύσαντες, opp. ἐδηδοκότες, Arist. PA 676a1.

2. c. gen., abstain from, κακότητος Emp. 144.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

νηστεύω; future νηστεύσω; 1 aorist (infinitive νηστεῦσαι (Luke 5:34 T WH Tr text)), participle νηστεύσας; (from νῆστις, which see); to fast (Vulg. and ecclesiastical writingsjejano), i. e. to abstain as a religious exercise from food and drink: either entirely, if the fast lasted but a single day, Matthew 6:16-18; Matthew 9:14; Mark 2:18-20; Luke 5:33,(); ; Acts 10:30 R G; Acts 13:2,(); or from customary and choice nourishment, if it continued several days, Matthew 4:2, cf. Matthew 11:18; νηστευει συνεχῶς καί ἄρτον ἐσθίει μόνον μετά ἁλατος καί τό πότον αὐτοῦ ὕδωρ, Acta Thom. § 20. (Aristophanes, Plutarch, mor., p. 626f; Aelian v. h. 5, 20; (Josephus, contra Apion 1, 34, 5 (where see Müller)); the Sept. for צוּן.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(<νῆστις ),

[in LXX for H6684;]

to fast (Arist., Aristoph., al.): Matthew 4:2; Matthew 6:16-18; Matthew 9:14-15 Mark 2:18-20, Luke 5:33-35; Luke 18:12, Acts 13:2-3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

οἰκονομία describes the office of an οἰκονόμος in P Tebt I. 27.21 (B.C. 114) φρόντι [σον ὅ ]πως. . . πρὸς ταῖς οἰκονομίαις καὶ ἀρχιφυλακει [τ ]είαις προχειρι [σθῶ ]σιν ἀξιόλογοι, ";take care that persons of repute are appointed to the posts of oeconomus and archiphylacites"; (Edd.).

In P Eleph 11.7 (B.C. 223–22) ὧν δ᾽ ἂν πράξηις γ᾽ οἰκ [ονομιῶν, the word has the general meaning ";measures,"; and as further showing its width of application we may cite BGU III. 926.3 (AD. 188) ὅσα δέεται γενέσθαι ἐν τῷ ὑπὸ τὴν οἰκονομίαν σου βα [λ ]ανείῳ, of the ";care";of a bath, and P Ryl II. 78.30 (A.D. 157) περὶ οἰκονομι ̣α ̣ς ̤, of the conduct of his business by a strategus. The important rescript of the Prefect, P Lond 904.25 (A.D. 104) (= III. p. 124, Selections P. 73), which offers such a striking analogy to Luke 2:1 ff., requires ail persons residing out of their own districts to return to their homes—ἵν [α ] καὶ τὴν συνήθη [οἰ ]κονομίαν τῆ [ς ἀπο ]γραφῆς πληρώσωσιν, ";that they may carry out the regular order of the census"; : cf. Colossians 1:25.

In P Rein 7.34 (B.C. 141 ?) οἰκονομία is used of a legal transaction—μη ]δεμίαν οἰκον [ο ]μίαν κατ᾽ ἐμοῦ ποιεῖσθαι : cf. P Magd 32.6 (B.C. 217) μεθ᾽ οὗ τὰς περὶ τούτων οἰκονομίας θήσομεν, ";avec l’assistance de qui je puisse passer les actes nécessaires"; (Ed.). Other exx. of the word are—P Tebt I. 30.18 (B.C. 115) τῶν δὲ πρὸς ταῖς γραμματείαις ἀγνοούντων τὴν γεγονυῖαν περὶ ἐ [μο ]ῦ οἰκονομίαν, ";the scribes being ignorant of this transaction affecting me"; (Edd.), ib. II. 318.19 (notice of a claim—A.D. 166) τ ̣ὸ εἴς με δίκαι [ον ] οἰκονομε ̣ι ̣[ας, ";my right of procedure";(Edd.), P Oxy I. 56.17 (A.D. 211) ἐπιγραφῆναί μου κύριον πρὸς μόνην ταύτην τὴν οἰκονομίαν Ἀμοιτᾶν, ";that I may have assigned to me as my guardian for this transaction only Amoitas";(Edd.), and ib. XII. 1467.8 (A.D. 263) where reference is made to the law that women, in virtue of their possession of three children and ability to write, have the right χωρ [ὶς ] κυρίου χρηματίζειν ἐν αἷς ποιοῦν [τ ]αι οἰκονομίαις, ";to act without a guardian in all business which they transact.";

Chrest. II. 68.10 (A.D. 14) ]κ [ολού ]θ [ω ]ς αἷς ἔχωι οἰκ [ο ]νομίαις shows us the meaning ";document,"; and in the magic P Lond 46.357 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 76) οἰκονομία = ";incantation."; In Cicero’s letters the word occurs bis in the sense of ";arrangement,"; ";order"; (ad Att. vi. 1. 1 , 11), as in Epict. iii. 24. 92. For the derived sense of ";utility,"; ";practical expediency,"; see M. Anton. iv. 19 (with Crossley’s note).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ενήστευες ενηστεύσα ενηστεύσαμεν ενήστευσαν ενηστεύσατο ενήστευσε νενηστεύκατέ νηστευειν νηστεύειν νηστεύετε νηστευητε νηστεύητε νηστευομεν νηστεύομεν νηστευοντες νηστεύοντες νηστευοντων νηστευόντων νηστεύουσι νηστευουσιν νηστεύουσιν νηστευσαι νηστεῦσαι νηστευσαντες νηστεύσαντες νηστευσας νηστεύσας νηστευσασών νηστεύσατε νηστεύσητε νηστευσουσιν νηστεύσουσιν νηστεύσωσιν νηστευω νηστεύω νηστευων νηστεύων nesteuein nesteúein nēsteuein nēsteúein nesteuete nesteúete nēsteuēte nēsteúēte nesteuo nesteúo nēsteuō nēsteúō nesteuomen nesteúomen nēsteuomen nēsteúomen nesteuon nesteúon nēsteuōn nēsteúōn nesteuontes nesteúontes nēsteuontes nēsteúontes nesteuonton nesteuónton nēsteuontōn nēsteuóntōn nesteuousin nesteúousin nēsteuousin nēsteúousin nesteusai nesteûsai nēsteusai nēsteûsai nesteusantes nesteúsantes nēsteusantes nēsteúsantes nesteusas nesteúsas nēsteusas nēsteúsas nesteusousin nesteúsousin nēsteusousin nēsteúsousin
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile