the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3522 - νηστεύω
- to abstain as a religious exercise from food and drink: either entirely, if the fast lasted but a single day, or from customary and choice nourishment, if it continued several days
1. fast, Ar. Av. 1519, Th. 949, Matthew 6:16, etc.; νηστεύσαντες, opp. ἐδηδοκότες, Arist. PA 676a1.
2. c. gen., abstain from, κακότητος Emp. 144.
νηστεύω; future νηστεύσω; 1 aorist (infinitive νηστεῦσαι (Luke 5:34 T WH Tr text)), participle νηστεύσας; (from νῆστις, which see); to fast (Vulg. and ecclesiastical writingsjejano), i. e. to abstain as a religious exercise from food and drink: either entirely, if the fast lasted but a single day, Matthew 6:16-18; Matthew 9:14; Mark 2:18-20; Luke 5:33,(
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[in LXX for H6684;]
to fast (Arist., Aristoph., al.): Matthew 4:2; Matthew 6:16-18; Matthew 9:14-15 Mark 2:18-20, Luke 5:33-35; Luke 18:12, Acts 13:2-3.†
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οἰκονομία describes the office of an οἰκονόμος in P Tebt I. 27.21 (B.C. 114) φρόντι [σον ὅ ]πως. . . πρὸς ταῖς οἰκονομίαις καὶ ἀρχιφυλακει [τ ]είαις προχειρι [σθῶ ]σιν ἀξιόλογοι, ";take care that persons of repute are appointed to the posts of oeconomus and archiphylacites"; (Edd.).
In P Eleph 11.7 (B.C. 223–22) ὧν δ᾽ ἂν πράξηις γ᾽ οἰκ [ονομιῶν, the word has the general meaning ";measures,"; and as further showing its width of application we may cite BGU III. 926.3 (AD. 188) ὅσα δέεται γενέσθαι ἐν τῷ ὑπὸ τὴν οἰκονομίαν σου βα [λ ]ανείῳ, of the ";care";of a bath, and P Ryl II. 78.30 (A.D. 157) περὶ οἰκονομι ̣α ̣ς ̤, of the conduct of his business by a strategus. The important rescript of the Prefect, P Lond 904.25 (A.D. 104) (= III. p. 124, Selections P. 73), which offers such a striking analogy to Luke 2:1 ff., requires ail persons residing out of their own districts to return to their homes—ἵν [α ] καὶ τὴν συνήθη [οἰ ]κονομίαν τῆ [ς ἀπο ]γραφῆς πληρώσωσιν, ";that they may carry out the regular order of the census"; : cf. Colossians 1:25.
In P Rein 7.34 (B.C. 141 ?) οἰκονομία is used of a legal transaction—μη ]δεμίαν οἰκον [ο ]μίαν κατ᾽ ἐμοῦ ποιεῖσθαι : cf. P Magd 32.6 (B.C. 217) μεθ᾽ οὗ τὰς περὶ τούτων οἰκονομίας θήσομεν, ";avec l’assistance de qui je puisse passer les actes nécessaires"; (Ed.). Other exx. of the word are—P Tebt I. 30.18 (B.C. 115) τῶν δὲ πρὸς ταῖς γραμματείαις ἀγνοούντων τὴν γεγονυῖαν περὶ ἐ [μο ]ῦ οἰκονομίαν, ";the scribes being ignorant of this transaction affecting me"; (Edd.), ib. II. 318.19 (notice of a claim—A.D. 166) τ ̣ὸ εἴς με δίκαι [ον ] οἰκονομε ̣ι ̣[ας, ";my right of procedure";(Edd.), P Oxy I. 56.17 (A.D. 211) ἐπιγραφῆναί μου κύριον πρὸς μόνην ταύτην τὴν οἰκονομίαν Ἀμοιτᾶν, ";that I may have assigned to me as my guardian for this transaction only Amoitas";(Edd.), and ib. XII. 1467.8 (A.D. 263) where reference is made to the law that women, in virtue of their possession of three children and ability to write, have the right χωρ [ὶς ] κυρίου χρηματίζειν ἐν αἷς ποιοῦν [τ ]αι οἰκονομίαις, ";to act without a guardian in all business which they transact.";
Chrest. II. 68.10 (A.D. 14) ἀ ]κ [ολού ]θ [ω ]ς αἷς ἔχωι οἰκ [ο ]νομίαις shows us the meaning ";document,"; and in the magic P Lond 46.357 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 76) οἰκονομία = ";incantation."; In Cicero’s letters the word occurs bis in the sense of ";arrangement,"; ";order"; (ad Att. vi. 1. 1 , 11), as in Epict. iii. 24. 92. For the derived sense of ";utility,"; ";practical expediency,"; see M. Anton. iv. 19 (with Crossley’s note).
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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