the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3521 - νηστεία
- a fasting, fast
- a voluntary, as a religious exercise
- of private fasting
- the public fast as prescribed by the Mosaic Law and kept yearly on the great day of atonement, the tenth of the month of Tisri (the month Tisri comprises a part of our September and October); the fast accordingly, occurred in the autumn when navigation was usually dangerous on account of storms
- a fasting caused by want or poverty
- a voluntary, as a religious exercise
fast, νηστεῖαι καὶ ὁρταί Hdt. 4.186, cf. LXX Isaiah 1:13, Str. 16.2.40, Acts 27:9; νηστείην φέρειν Hp. Aph. 1.13; νηστείας ὄζειν (cf. νῆστις 1.2) Arist. Pr. 908b12; at Athens, name for the third day of the Thesmophoria, Ath. 7.307f, Alciphr. 3.39, cf. PCair.Zen. 350.5 (iii B.C.).
νηστεία, νηστείας, ἡ (νηστεύω, which see), a fasting, fast, i. e. abstinence from food, and a. voluntary, as a religious exercise: of private fasting, Matthew 17:21 (T WH omit; Tr brackets the verse); Mark 9:29 (T WH omit; Tr marginal reading brackets); Luke 2:37; Acts 14:23; 1 Corinthians 7:5 Rec. of the public fast prescribed by the Mosaic Law (Leviticus 16:29ff; 23:27ff (BB. DD. under the word
b. a fasting to which one is driven by want: 2 Corinthians 6:5; 2 Corinthians 11:27; (Hippocrates, Aristotle, Philo, Josephus, Plutarch, Aelian, Athen., others; the Sept. for צום).
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νηστεία , -ας , ἡ
(< νηστεύω ),
[in LXX for H6685;]
fasting, a fast;
(a) of voluntary abstinence from food: Matthew 17:21 (WH, R, txt., om.), Mark 9:29 (WH, txt., R, txt., om.), Luke 2:37, Acts 14:23; of the Day of Atonement, Acts 27:9;
(b) of involuntary abstinence: 2 Corinthians 6:5; 2 Corinthians 11:27.†
SYN.: ἀσιτία G776, q.v.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The wide sense attaching to this verb with its corresponding subst. in late Greek is fully illustrated from Polybius by Dean Armitage Robinson on Ephesians 1:10. We may add a few citations from the papyri. In PSI VI. 584.17 (iii/B.C.) Agesilaus writes to Zeno asking him to ";make arrangements";for the transport of certain quantities of barley and wheat in order that he may receive them—εἰ δύνη <ι > οὖν μοι αὐτὰς οἰκονομήσασθ ̣α ̣ι ἵν [α ] α ̣ὐτὰς ἀπεν ̣ένκωμαι : cf. ib. 597.8 (iii/B.C.) καλῶς ποιήσεις. . . οἰκονομησάμενος περὶ τῆς εἰσόδου, and BGU IV. 1209.19 (B.C. 23) τοῖς ὑφ᾽ ἡμῶν οἰκονομηθησομένοις. In P Eleph 9.5 (B.C. 223–22) an official summons a subordinate to appear before him bringing with him all his writings and official documents—κομίζων [π ]α ̣ντα τὰ γράμματα καὶ [εἴ τι ἄλ ]λ ̣ο ̣ ὠικονόμηκ [ας ] κ ̣αὶ ὧν ̣ πεποίησαι δ ̣ι ̣αγραφῶν τὰ ἀντίγραφα, and in P Oxy IX. 1203.27 (late i/A.D.) certain petitioners ask that their positions should be communicated to the collector of external debts in order that he ";may take no step against us . . before the trial of the case"; (Ed.)—μηδὲν καθ᾽ ἡμῶν οἰκονομήσῃ μέχρι κρίσεως. In P Petr II. 11 (2).2 (mid. iii/B.C.) (= Witkowski.2, p. 6) the verb is used for the administration of a sacred office or priesthood, γίνωσκέ με τὴν ἱεροποΐαν ὠικονομημέ [νον, and in ib. 38 (c).60 (iii/B.C.) of the management of the details in some matter relating apparently to cowherds—περὶ βούτων ὃν ἂν [τρό ]πον οἰκονομήθ [ηι. See also Preisigke 3925.5 (ii/B.C.) τὰ πρὸς τ [ὴν ] κατάστασιν δικαιώματα καὶ ὃ [ν ] ἂν τρόπον οἰκονομήσαμεν.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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