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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3149 - μαστός

from the base of (G3145)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. the breasts
  2. the breasts (nipples) of a man
  3. breasts of a women
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1730 ‑ דֹּד (dode, dode);  7699 ‑ שֹׁד (shad, shode);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Luke 2
Revelation 1
NAS (3)
Luke 2
Revelation 1
HCS (2)
Luke 1
Revelation 1
BSB (3)
Luke 2
Revelation 1
ESV (3)
Luke 2
Revelation 1
WEB (3)
Luke 2
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μαστός, ὁ,

, Ion. μαζός, Hom., Hdt. (exc. in 3.133, 5.18, where codd. give μαστός; twice in codd. of Trag., A. Ch. 531, E. Ba. 701); Dor. μασδός Theoc. 3.16, 48; later μασθός LXX Isaiah 32:12 (cod.A), al., Ascl ap. Gal. 13.934, Revelation 1:13 (v.l.), IG 3.238 b, PMag.Lond. 121.208, etc., also in codd. of A. Ch. 545:

I usage contradicts the statement of Gramm. that μαζός is the man's breast, μαστός the woman's:

1. breast, δεξιτερὸν κατὰ μαζόν Il. 5.393; of men's breasts, βάλε δουρὶ στέρνον ὑπὲρ μαζοῖο 4.528; βάλε στῆθος παρὰ μαζόν 8.121, cf. Od. 22.82, X. An. 1.4.17, 4.3.6.

2. more freq. of a woman's breast, μαζὸν ἀνέσχε, of Hecuba pleading with Hector, Il. 22.80; εἴ ποτέ τοι λαθικηδέα μαζὸν ἐπέσχον ib. 83; γυναῖκά τε θήσατο μαζόν sucked her breast, 24.58; πάϊς δέ οἱ ἦν ἐπὶ μαζῷ Od. 11.448; σὺ δέ μ' ἔτρεφες.. τῷ σῷ ἐπὶ μαζῷ 19.483; so φαίνουσαι τοὺς μαζούς Hdt. 2.85; τοὺς μ. ἀποταμοῦσα Id. 4.202; ἐπὶ τοῦ μαστοῦ ἔφυ φῦμα Id. 3.133; προὔκειτο μαστῶν περονίς S. Tr. 925; προσέσχε μαζόν, of the mother, A. Ch. 531; μαστὸν ἀμφέχασκε, of the child, ib. 545, cf. 897; μαστῶν ἀποστάς S. El. 776; πῶλον ἀφέλξων σῶν ἀπὸ μαστῶν E. Hec. 142 (anap.), etc. rarely of animals, udder, Id. Cyc. 55 (lyr.), 207, Call. Jov. 48. generally, of the breasts of all mammalia, Arist. HA 521b21, PA 688a18 sq., GA 752b23.

II metaph., any round, breast-shaped object:

1 round hill, knoll, Pi. P. 4.8, X. An. 4.2.6, Call. Del. 48.

2. round piece of wool fastened to the edge of nets, X. Cyn. 2.6, cf. Poll. 5.29.

3. at Paphos, breast-shaped cup, Apollod. Cyren. ap. Ath. 11.487b, cf. IG 7.3498 (Oropus), 11(4).1307.21 (Delos).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μαζός, μαζου, , the breast: of a man, Revelation 1:13 Lachmann ((see μαστός). From Homer down.)

STRONGS NT 3149: μασθός μασθός, Doric for μαστός (which see): Revelation 1:13 Tdf. (this form seems to be Western (Hort, Appendix, p. 149)).

STRONGS NT 3149: μαστός μαστός, μαστοῦ, (μάσσω to knead (more probably akin to μαδάω, Latinmadidus, etc.; cf. Vanicek, p. 693; Curtius, § 456)), from Sophocles, Herodotus down; the breast (for שַׁד, Job 3:12; Song of Solomon 1:13, etc.); plural, the breasts (nipples) of a man, Revelation 1:13 R G Tr WH (here Tdf. μασθοις (cf. WH's Appendix, p. 149a), Lachmann μαζοις); breasts of a woman, Luke 11:27; Luke 23:29.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μαστός , -οῦ , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7699;]

the breast: pl., Luke 11:27; Luke 23:29, Revelation 1:13 (T, μασθοῖς ; WH, App., 149; L, μαζοῖς ).†

* μαζός , -οῦ , ,

the breast: Revelation 1:13 (L for μαστός , q.v).†

μασθός , see μαστός .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In Syll 804(= .3 1170).24 (ii/A.D.) M. Julius Apellas telling the story of his cure in the Asclepieum says —ἥψατο δέ μου καὶ τῆς δεξιᾶς χειρὸς καὶ τοῦ μαστοῦ. Cf. also Kaibel 316.3 μάμμη ] δ᾽ Εὐτυχία μασ [τοὺ ]ς κατεκόψατο. For the form μασθός in Revelation 1:13 א (cf. Luke 11:27; Luke 23:29 DFG), which WH (Notes.2, p. 156) regard as ";Western,"; cf. the magic P Lond 121.203 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 91) πρὸς μασθῶν σκλήρια (l. ίαν ?). See also s.v. μαζός, and cf. Winer-Schmiedel Gr. p. 59.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μαστοι μαστοί μαστοὶ μαστοις μαστοίς μαστοῖς μαστού μαστούς μαστών mastoi mastoì mastois mastoîs