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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3145 - μασσάομαι

from a primary masso (to handle or squeeze)
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  1. to chew, consume, eat, devour
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3899 ‑ לֶחֶם (lekh'‑em);  
Frequency Lists
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KJV (1)
Revelation 1
NAS (1)
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HCS (1)
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BSB (1)
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WEB (1)
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


μασί-σσημα, μασί-σσησις, μασι-σσητήρ, incorrectly written for μασάομαι, etc. μάσσεται, v. cross μαίομαι.

μᾰσάομαι, aor. 1 ἐμασησάμην Hp. Epid. 7.11, Hsch. s.v. ἐμάσταζεν: —

I chew, ἀμυγδάλας μασᾶσθαι Eup. 253; κρέας Ar. Pl. 321; σηπίας Id. Ec. 554; τι Hp. l.c.; πάπυρον Thphr. HP 4.8.4; τὰ δέρματα τῶν θυρεῶν J. BJ 6.3.3: abs., Ar. Eq. 717, V. 780, Thphr. Char. 20.5: μασώμενον, τό, of a toothache remedy, Cass. Fel. 32. Not in Trag., or Att. Prose.

II shoot out the lip, as a mark of contempt, Philostr. VA 7.21.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μασσάομαι (R G) more correctly μασάομαι (L T Tr WH): imperfect 3 person plural ἐμασῶντο; (ΜΑΩ μάσσω, to knead); to chew, consume, eat, devour (κρέας, Aristophanes, Plutarch, 321; τά δέρματα τῶν θυρεων, Josephus, b. j. 6, 3, 3; ῤίζας ξύλων, the Sept. Job 30:4, and other examples in other authors): ἐμασῶντο τάς γλώσσας αὐτῶν, they gnawed their tongues (for pain), Revelation 16:10.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(Rec. μασσ ), -ῶμαι

(Aristoph. and late writers, but not in Trag. or in good Att.. prose),

[in LXX: Job 30:4 (H3899), Sirach 19:9 A *;]

to bite, chew: Revelation 16:10.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The correct spelling of this verb with a single σ, as in Revelation 16:10 (cf. Job 30:4), is found in the magic P Lond 46.269 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 73) τοὺς ἰχθύας τοῖς στόμασι μασωμένους, ";fish gnawing with their mouths."; Cf. Artemid. iv. 33 μασήσασθαι ἄρτους. MGr μασσῶ, ";chew.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμασσώντο εμασωντο ἐμασῶντο emasonto emasônto emasōnto emasō̂nto