the Fifth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3142 - μαρτύριον
μαρτύριον [ ῠ], τό,
I testimony, proof, πρῶτον καὶ μέγιστον μ. Hdt. 2.22, cf. Pi. I. 4(3).10, etc.: freq. in pl., μαρτύρια θέσθαι Hdt. 8.55, cf. A. Ag. 1095 (lyr.), Eu. 485, 797; μετ' ἀειμνήστου μ. Th. 1.33; μαρτύριον δέ.., folld. by γάρ, here is a proof, namely.., ib. 8, etc.; μέγα τόδε μ.,.. γάρ Hdt. 8.120.
II τὰ μ. the tables of the Decalogue, LXX Leviticus 16:13, al.
III shrine of a martyr, Aët. 15.15 (a) Z., POxy. 941.4 (vi A.D.), etc.
μαρτύριον, μαρτυρίου, τό (μάρτυρ (cf. μάρτυς)), (from Pindar, Herodotus down), the Sept. for עֵד, עֵדָה, more often for עֵדוּת (an ordinance, precept); most frequently for מועֵד (an assembly), as though that came from עוּד to testify, whereas it is from יָעַד to appoint; testimony;
a. with a genitive of the subjunctive: τῆς συνειδήσεως, 2 Corinthians 1:12; with the genitive of object: ἀποδιδόναι τό ... τῆς ἀναστάσεως Ἰησοῦ, Acts 4:33.
b. τοῦ Χριστοῦ, concerning Christ the Saviour (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 1 a.): the proclamation of salvation by the apostles is so called (for reasons given under μαρτυρέω, at the beginning), 1 Corinthians 1:6; also τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν, 2 Timothy 1:8; τοῦ Θεοῦ, concerning God (Winer's Grammar, as above), i. e. concerning what God has done through Christ for the salvation of men, 1 Corinthians 2:1 (here WH text μυστήριον); with the subject. genitive ἡμῶν, given by us, 2 Thessalonians 1:10. εἰς μαρτύριον τῶν λαληθησομένων, to give testimony concerning those things which were to be spoken (in the Messiah's time) i. e. concerning the Christian revelation, Hebrews 3:5; cf. Delitzsch at the passage (others refer it to the Mosaic law (Numbers 12:7, especially 8); cf. Riehm, Lehrbegriff d. Heb. 1:312).
c. εἰς μαρτύριον αὐτοῖς for a testimony unto them, that they may have testimony, i. e. evidence, in proof of this or that: e. g. that a leper has been cured, Matthew 8:4; Mark 1:44; Luke 5:14; that persons may get knowledge of something the knowledge of which will be for their benefit, Matthew 10:18; Matthew 24:14; Mark 13:9; that they may have evidence of their impurity, Mark 6:11; in the same case we find εἰς μαρτύριον ἐπ' αὐτούς, for a testimony against them (cf. ἐπί, C. I. 2 g. γ. ββ.), Luke 9:5; ἀποβήσεται ὑμῖν εἰς μαρτύριον, it will turn out to you as an opportunity of bearing testimony concerning me and my cause, Luke 21:13; εἰς μαρτύριον ὑμῖν ἔσται, it will serve as a proof of your wickedness, James 5:3; by apposition to the whole preceding clause (Winer's Grammar, § 59, 9 a.), τό μαρτύριον καιροῖς ἰδίοις, that which (to wit, that Christ gave himself as a ransom) would be (the substance of) the testimony equivalent to was to be testified (by the apostles and the preachers of the gospel) in the times fitted for it, 1 Timothy 2:6 (where Lachmann omits τί μαρτύριον); cf. the full exposition of this passage in Fritzsche, Ep. ad Romans iii., p. 12ff; ἡ σκηνή τοῦ μαρτυρίου, Acts 7:44; Revelation 15:5; in the Sept. very often for אֹהֶל־מועֵד (see above), and occasionally for הָעֵדוּת אֹהֶל, as Exodus 38:26; Leviticus 24:3, etc.
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μαρτύριον , -ου , τό
(< μάρτυρ ),
[in LXX chiefly for H4150, also for H5713, H5715 and cogn. forms;]
a testimony, witness, proof (Hdt., Thuc., al.): c. gen. subj., 2 Corinthians 1:12, 2 Thessalonians 1:10; c. gen. obj., Acts 4:33, 1 Corinthians 1:6; 1 Corinthians 2:1 (WH, txt., R, txt., μυστήριον ; 2 Timothy 1:8; εἰς μ ., Matthew 8:4; Matthew 10:18
Matthew 24:14, Mark 1:44; Mark 6:11; Mark 13:9, Luke 5:14; Luke 9:5; Luke 21:13, Hebrews 3:5, James 5:3; τὸ μ . καιροῖς ἰδίοις (CGT, in l), 1 Timothy 2:6; ἡ σκηνὴ τοῦ μ . (LXX for H4150 H168), Acts 7:44, Revelation 15:5.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The words of the sepulchral epitaph Kaibel 397.1 μαρτύριον ὀρθοῦ βίου, ";the witness of an upright life,"; have a modern ring about them. In ib. 1063.6 (v/vi A.D.) ᾠκοδομήθη τὸ μα ]ρ [τ ]ύριον Μαίῳ τῇ ε ̄, the word refers to a martyr’s shrine : cf. P Oxy VI. 941.4 (vi/A.D.) ἀντὶς τοῦ μαρτυρίου, ";opposite the martyr’s shrine,"; where the editors draw attention to the remarkable form ἀντίς, employed in a local sense—a usage which survives in MGr. See also Pelagia-Legenden, p. 3.16 συνελθόντας οὖν ἐν Ἀντιοχείᾳ ἐκέλευσεν ἡμᾶς ὁ ἐπίσκοπος μεῖναι ἐν τῷ μαρτυρίῳ τοῦ ἁγίου Ἰουλιανοῦ.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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