Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3143 - μαρτύρομαι

middle voice from (G3144)
Parts of Speech
Search for…
Browse by letter:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
  1. to cite a witness, bring forward a witness, call to witness
    1. to affirm be appeal to God, to declare solemnly, protest
  2. to conjure, beseech as in God's name, exhort solemnly
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Acts 2
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
NAS (5)
Acts 2
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
HCS (5)
Acts 2
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
BSB (5)
Acts 2
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
ESV (3)
Acts 1
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
WEB (3)
Acts 1
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μαρτύρομαι [],

fut. μαρτῠροῦμαι (δια -) LXX Psalms 81:9(80).9 (cod. Alex.): aor. ἐμαρτῡράμην Pl. Phlb. 47d, App. BC 2.47:

1. call to witness, invoke, c. acc. pers., Antipho 1.29, S. OC 813, etc.; esp. of the gods, Ἄρτεμιν, γαῖαν καὶ θεούς, E. Hipp. 1451, Ph. 626; δαίμονας, ὡς.. Id. Med. 619: c. acc. et inf., ὑμᾶς δ' ἀκούειν ταῦτ' ἐγὼ μαρτύρομαι A. Eu. 643, etc.: c. part., μαρτύρομαι τυπτόμενος I call you to witness that.., Ar. Av. 1031, cf. E. HF 858 (troch.).

2. c. acc. rei, call one to witness a thing, Hdt. 1.44, Ar. Ra. 528, Pl. 932.

3. protest, asseverate, μ. ὅτι.. Id. Nu. 1222, Th. 6.80; ταῦτα Pl. l.c.: abs., μαρτύρομαι I protest, Ar. Ach. 926, Lys. 3.15.

4. c. acc. pers. et gen. rei, οἱ δὲ τῆς τῶν θεῶν.. παραγωγῆς τὸν Ὅμηρον μ. ὅτι.. cite Homer as a witness of.., Pl. R. 364d; ἐμαυτὸν μ. τῆς φιλοτιμίας App. l. c.; μ. τινὶ ὅτι.. Galatians 5:3; τοὺς ἀποστάντας μ. τῆς ἐπιορκίας remind them of.., App. BC 5.129.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μαρτύρομαι (from μάρτυρ (cf. μάρτυς));

1. to cite a witness, bring forward a witness, call to witness (Tragg., Thucydides, Plato, and following); to affirm by appeal to God, to declare solemnly, protest: ταῦτα, Plato, Phil., p. 47 c.; ὅτι, Acts 20:26; Galatians 5:3.

2. to conjure, beseech as in God's name, exhort solemnly: τίνι, Acts 26:22 L T Tr WH; followed by the accusative with the infinitive, Ephesians 4:17; εἰς τό followed by accusative with an infinitive (cf. Buttmann, § 140, 10, 3), 1 Thessalonians 2:12-11T Tr WH. (Compare: διαμαρτύρομαι, προμαρτύρομαι.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** μαρτύρομαι

(< μάρτυρ ),

[in LXX: Judith 7:28, 1 Maccabees 2:56 א )*;]

to summon as witness (M, Th., 25 f.; Hort., 1Pe., 53 f.; Lft., Notes, 29; Ga 203), hence,

(a) to protest, affirm solemnly: seq. ὅτι , Acts 20:26, Galatians 5:3;

(b) to adjure, beseech: c. dat. pers., Acts 26:22; c. acc et inf., Ephesians 4:17; seq. εἰς , 1 Thessalonians 2:12 (cf. δια -, προ -μαρτύρομαι ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this verb in its original sense of ";summon to witness"; cf. P Oxy VIII. 1114.83 (A.D. 237) ἐμαρτύρατο τοὺς τόδε τὸ μαρτυροποίημα σφραγίζειν μέλλοντας, ";called to witness the persons about to seal the present affidavit"; (Ed.). From this it is an easy transition to the meaning ";asseverate,"; as in ib. III. 471.64 (ii/A.D.) μαρτύρονται κύριε τὴν σὴν τύχην, ";they swear by your Fortune, my lord,"; and in Mahaffy’s restoration of P Petr II. 4.6 (a).1 (B.C. 200) μαρτύρομαι βασιλέα Πτολεμαῖον. This again passes into ";solemnly charge,"; the translation which Hort (ad 1 Peter 1:11) prefers in 1 Thessalonians 2:12, Ephesians 4:17. According to Lightfoot (ad 1 Thessalonians 2:12; cf. note on Galatians 5:3) μαρτύρομαι is never ";bear witness to"; in the NT any more than in class. Greek, but exx. of this usage can be quoted from the Κοινή, e.g. P Oxy VIII. 1120.11 (early iii/A.D.) κατὰ τοῦτο μαρτύρομαι τὴν βίαν γυνὴ χήρα καὶ ἀσθενής, ";I accordingly testify to his violence, being a feeble widow woman"; (Ed.), P Amh II. 141.17 (A.D. 350) ἐπιδίδωμι τῇ ἐπιεικείᾳ [σο ]υ τάδε τὰ βιβλία [μο ]υ ̣ τοσοῦτο μαρτυραμένη, ";I present this my petition to your excellency, bearing witness to the facts"; (Edd.), P Strass I. 5.14 (iii/A.D.) βι ̣βλ ̣ι ̣α ἐπιδεδώκαμεν τῷ [σ ]τρατηγῷ αὐτὰ ταῦτα μαρτυρόμενοι, and similarly P Thead 21.16 (A.D. 318).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μαρτυρομαι μαρτύρομαι μαρτυρομενοι μαρτυρόμενοι μαρτυρομενος μαρτυρόμενος marturomai marturomenoi marturomenos martyromai martýromai martyromenoi martyrómenoi martyromenos martyrómenos