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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3027 - λῃστής

from leizomai (to plunder)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. a robber, plunderer, freebooter, brigand
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1416 ‑ גְּדוּד (ghed‑ood');  6530 ‑ פָּרִיץ (per‑eets');  7703 ‑ שָׁדַד (shaw‑dad');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 3
2 Corinthians 1
NAS (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 3
2 Corinthians 1
HCS (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 3
2 Corinthians 1
BSB (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 3
2 Corinthians 1
ESV (14)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 3
2 Corinthians 1
WEB (13)
Matthew 4
Mark 2
Luke 4
John 2
2 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

λῃστ-ής, οῦ, ὁ,

Ion. ληϊστής, Dor. λᾳστής, (ληΐς, ληΐζομαι)

I robber, pirate, E. Alc. 766, X. Cyr. 2.4.23, etc.; opp. κλέπτης, Pl. R. 351c; esp. by sea, buccaneer, later πειρατής, And. 1.138, etc.; λῃστοῦ βίον ζῆν Pl. Grg. 507e; ληϊστὴς κατεστήκεε Καρχηδονίων he began a course of piracies upon them, Hdt. 6.17, cf. Th. 1.5, 8, 6.4; οἱ λ. αὑτοὺς ποριστὰς καλοῦσιν Arist. Rh. 1405a25; of irregular troops, IG 12(2).526 (Eresos).

II metaph., λ. ἐναργὴς τῆς ἐμῆς τυραννίδος S. OT 535; Κύπριδος Lyc. 1143; λῃστὰ λογισμοῦ, of love, APl. 4.198 (Maec.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

λῃστής, ληστου, (for ληιστής from ληίζομαι, to plunder, and this from Ionic and epic ληίς, for which the Attics use λεῖα, booty) (from Sophocles and Herodotus down), a robber; a plunderer, freebooter, brigand: Matthew 26:55; Mark 14:48; Luke 22:52; John 10:1; John 18:40; plural, Matthew 21:13; Matthew 27:38, 44; Mark 11:17; Mark 15:27; Luke 10:30, 36; Luke 19:46; John 10:8; 2 Corinthians 11:26. (Not to be confounded with κλέπτης thief, one who takes property by stealth (although the distinction is obscured in A. V.); cf. Trench, § xliv.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

λῃστής , -οῦ ,

(< Ep. ληίς = λεία , booty),

[in LXX for H1416, etc.;]

a robber, brigand: Matthew 21:13 (LXX) Matthew 26:55; Matthew 27:38; Matthew 27:44, Mark 11:17; Mark 14:48; Mark 15:27, Luke 10:30; Luke 10:36; Luke 19:46; Luke 22:52, John 10:1; John 10:8; John 18:40, 2 Corinthians 11:26.†

SYN.: κλέπτης G2812, q.v.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Petr III. 28 (e) verso (a).1 (iii/B.C.), memoranda relating to criminals, is headed—περὶ ἐπ [ιθέσ ]εως ληιστῶν (for form, cf. Mayser Gr. p. 122) : cf. P Par 46.7 (B.C. 153) (= Witkowski.2, p. 86) ἐν τοῖς ἀναγκαιοτάτοις καιροῖς ληστῶν ἐπικειμένων, P Lips I. 37.28 (A.D. 389) ἑτοιμότατα γὰρ ἔχω ἀπελε ̣ν ̣ξαι ἐν τῷ ἀχρ [ ]ντῳ αὐτοῦ δικαστηρίῳ τούτους ληστὰς ὁμολό [γ ]ους καὶ ζῶα ἀπελακότας (l. ἀπεληλ —) πολλάκις, and the late P Oxy I. 139.23 (A.D. 612) ὑποδέξασθαι λιστάς, ";to have harboured robbers."; For λῃστήριον, ";a band of robbers,"; cf. P Petr III. 28 (e).6 (iii/B.C.) ἐπέθετο αὐτοῖς ληιστήρ [ιο ]ν, P Hamb I. 10.7 (ii/A.D.) ἐπέβη μου ταῖς οἰκίαις. . λῃστήριον, and for the meaning ";robbers’ lairs,"; cf. Cagnat IV. 219.5 τὰ ἐν Ἑλλησπόντῳ ληστήρια. The adj. λῃστ (ρ)ικός is common, e.g. P Tebt I. 53.11 (B.C. 110) ἐπιθέμενοι λῃστικῶι τρόπωι, ib. II. 332.5 (A.D. 176) ἐπῆλθάν τινες λῃστρικῷ τρόπῳ οἰκίαν μου. Other derivatives from the same root are λῃστεία (BGU II. 372ii. 13—A.D. 154), λῃστοπιαστής (ib. I. 325.2—c. iii/A.D. an officer detailed for special service in the search for certain criminals), and λῄσταρχος, ";arch-pirate"; (P Oxy I. 33 verso iv. 8—late ii/A.D. where the term is used metaphorically).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
λησται λησταί λῃσταί λῃσταὶ λησταις λησταίς λῃσταῖς ληστας ληστάς λῃστάς ληστην ληστήν λῃστὴν ληστης ληστής λῃστής ληστων ληστών λῃστῶν leistaí leistaì lēistaí lēistaì leistaîs lēistaîs leistás lēistás leistḕn lēistḕn leistḗs lēistḗs leistôn lēistō̂n lestai lēstai lestais lēstais lestas lēstas lesten lēstēn lestes lēstēs leston lēstōn
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