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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2820 - κληρόω

from (G2819)
Parts of Speech
  1. to cast lots, determine by lot
  2. to choose by lot
  3. to allot, assign by lot
    1. on to another as a possession
  4. in NT: to make a lot, i.e. a heritage, private possession
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3920 ‑ לָכַד (law‑kad');  5159 ‑ נַחֲלָה (nakh‑al‑aw');  7121 ‑ קָרָא (kaw‑raw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (2)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. κλᾱρόω, inf. κλαρώεν Foed.Delph.Pell. 1 A 6, κλαρώειν SIG 647.33 (Stiris, ii B.C.): (κλῆρος A):


1. appoint by lot, ἐξ ἁπάντων τὰς ἀρχάς Isoc. 7.22; ἀθλητάς Arist. Rh. 1393b5; διαιρετὰς τῶν κτημάτων SIG 364.9 (Ephesus, iii B.C.); τὰ δικαστήρια ib.647.33; ἄλλον [ἱερόν ] IG 5(1).1390.6(Andania, i B.C.); also, of the lot, fall on, οὓς ἐκλήρωσεν πάλος E. Ion 416: Med., cast lots for office, of candidates, ἂν ἔλθῃ κληρωσόμενος τῶν ἐννέα ἀρχόντων Lys. 6.4, cf. 24.13; κ. ἱερωσύνης D. 57.62; κληρουμένων ἐπιμελῶς Arist. Ath. 27.4; ὃς ἂν κληρούμενος λαγχάνῃ Pl. Plt. 298e: Pass., to be appointed by lot, Arist. Ath. 43.2, Decr.ib. 30.5, SIG 525.11 (Crete, iii B.C.), IG 5(1).1390.132 (Andania, i B.C.), etc.; [ πρόεδροι] κεκληρωμένοι D. 24.89; κεκληρῶσθαι ἄρχειν Luc. Luct. 2.

2. cast lots, Pl. Lg. 759c, 856d; κληρώσω πάντας I will make all draw lots, Ar. Ec. 682; κ. τὰς φυλάς Plb. 6.20.2: Med., A. Th. 55, Ar. Ec. 836, D. 21.133; ὅτε ἐκληροῦσθε when you were drawing lots, Id. 19.1.

3. Med., have allotted one, obtain by lot, δεσπότας E. Tr. 29; ἱερωσύνην Aeschin. 1.188; ἀμπέλων δεκανίαν IGRom. 4.1675 (Lydia): metaph., obtain as one's sphere or province, τὸ ταὐτὸν ὁ δημιουργὸς ἐκληρώσατο Dam. Pr. 321; Astrol., ἥλιος κληρωσάμενος τὴν ὥραν Vett.Val. 61.1; κεκληρῶσθαι to be in possession of, to have, Hp. 20, Procl. Inst. 110; τὴν καρδίαν κεκλήρωται ἐπὶ τῇ φάρυγγι Ael. NA 5.31.


1. allot, assign, ὔμμε δ' ἐκλάρωσε πότμος Ζηνί Pi. O. 8.15; μοίρας, τὴν μὲν ἐπὶ μονῇ, τὴν δ' ἐπὶ ἐξόδῳ Hdt. 1.94; ἓν ἑκάστῳ ἐκλήρωσαν Th. 6.42: Pass., ἐκληρώθην δούλη E. Hec. 100 (anap.).

2. ὀμφὰν κ. deliver an oracle by lot, Id. Ion 908 (lyr.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κληρόω , - ,

[in LXX: 1 Samuel 14:41 (H3920 ni.), Ezra 4:11 A (H7121 ni.), Isaiah 17:11*;]

1. to cast lots.

2. to choose by lot.

3. to assign by lot, assign a portion: pass., ἐν ᾧ καὶ ἐκληρώθημεν , Ephesians 1:11 (on the various interpretations, v. ICC; AR; Ellic., in l).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κληρόω is common in the pass. = ";am assigned"; or ";chosen,"; e.g. P Iand 27.4 (A.D. 100–1) ἐκληρ [ ]θημεν εἰς [γε ]ω ̣ργίαν, BGU II. 625.5 (ii/iii A.D.) γείνωσκε, ἄδελφε, ἐκληρώθην εἰς τὰ βουκόλια : cf. Ephesians 1:11 ἐν ᾧ. καὶ ἐκληρώθημεν, ";in whom also we were made a heritage"; (RV). The AV rendering ";in whom also we have obtained an inheritance"; seems at first sight to gain support from such passages as P Tebt II. 391.10 (agreement concerning tax-collecting—A.D. 99) τὸν μὲν Ἀθηνόδ (ωρον) καὶ Ἡρακλῆν κεκληρῶσθαι τοὺς ἐν τῇ κώμῃ καταγινομένους καὶ ἐπικαθημένους ἄνδρες, ";that Athenodorus and Heracles have been allotted the inhabitants of and settlers in the village"; (Edd.) and BGU II. 405.8 (A.D. 348) ἐπιδὴ λίθον σιτοκόπτην καὶ σιταλετικὴν μηχανήν, πατρῷα ἡμῶν ὄντα, ἐκληρώθημεν κτλ., but, as Armitage Robinson (ad Eph l.c.) points out, this meaning ";am assigned a thing"; seems to be justified only when the ace. of the object assigned is expressed.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκληρωθημεν εκληρώθημεν ἐκληρώθημεν κληρώση κληρωτί eklerothemen eklerṓthemen eklērōthēmen eklērṓthēmen
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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