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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2737 - κατώτερος

comparative from (G2736)
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  1. lower
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8481 ‑ תַּחְתֹן (takh‑tone', takh‑tone');  8482 ‑ תַּחְתִּי (takh‑tee');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Ephesians 1
HCS (0)
HCS (1)
Ephesians 1
BSB (1)
Ephesians 1
ESV (1)
Ephesians 1
WEB (1)
Ephesians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κατώτερος, α, ον,

1. Comp. Adj. from κάτω, lower, Hp. Fract. 31, LXX 3 Ki. 9.17, etc.; τὰ κ. μέρη τῆς Ephesians 4:9; more southerly, Vett. Val. 34.21.

2. of Time, later, younger, Call. Cer. 131. Adv. κατωτέρω, v. cross κάτω.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κατώτερος, κατώτερα, κατώτερον (comparitive of κάτω, see ἀνώτερος) (Hippocrates, Theophrastus, Athen., others), lower: ( Χριστός) κατέβη εἰς τά κατώτερα μέρη τῆς γῆς, Ephesians 4:9, which many understand of Christ's descent into Hades (τόν τόπον τόν κάτω καλούμενον, Plato, Phaedo, p. 112 c.), taking τῆς γῆς as a partitive genitive (see ᾅδης, 2). But the mention of tiffs fact is at variance with the connection. Paul is endeavoring to show that the passage he has just before quoted, Psalm 67:19 (), must be understood of Christ, not of God, because 'an ascent into heaven' necessarily presupposes a descent to earth (which was made by Christ in the incarnation), whereas God does not leave his abode in heaven. Accordingly, τά κατώτερα τῆς γῆς denotes, the lower parts of the universe, which the earth constitutes — τῆς γῆς being a genitive of apposition; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 59, 8 a.; Grimm, Institutio theol. dogmat. edition 2, p. 355ff

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατώτερος , -έρα , -ερον

(< κάτω ),

[in LXX for H8481, H8482;]

lower; τὰ . κ . τῆς γῆς (v. AR, Eph., l.c; for rendering this lower earth, v. 1CC, Eph, l.c.), the lower parts of the earth (cf. Psalms 139:15; cf. also MGr., ἡ κάτου γῆ , the underworld, Thumb, MGV, 334): Ephesians 4:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κατώτερος is found as an astrological term contrasted with ἀνώτερος in Vett. Val. p. 34.21. Cf. IGXIV. 2476 (Arles) ἐνθάδε κῖτη Ἰωσῆς ἀπὸ κώ (μης) Ἐπικίου (?) ἀνοτέρου κατοτέρου with the editor’s note : ";extrema non intellego; Ἐποίκιον ἀνώτερον κατώτερον vici nomen fuisse putat Mommsenus.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κατώτατα κατωτάτη κατωτάτοις κατωτάτου κατωτάτω κατωτερα κατώτερα καυλός katotera katōtera katṓtera
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