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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2736 - κάτω

kat'-o, kat-o-ter'-o
AV - down (G5), beneath (G3), bottom (G2), under (G1)
Parts of Speech
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  1. down, downwards
  2. below, beneath
    1. of place, below
    2. of temporal succession
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4295 ‑ מַטָּה (mat'‑taw);  8478 ‑ תַּחַת (takh'‑ath);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 1
John 3
Acts 1
NAS (10)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 2
HCS (10)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 2
BSB (10)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 2
ESV (10)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 2
WEB (11)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 1
John 3
Acts 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κάτω, Adv., (κατά):


1. with Verbs implying Motion, downwards, ἐπισκύνιον κ. ἕλκεται Il. 17.136; κ. ὁρόων Od. 23.91; κατὰ τείχεος κ. ῥίπτειν Hdt. 8.53; κατώρυξέν με κατὰ τῆς γῆς κ. Ar. Pl. 238; χώρει κ. A. Pr. 74; κ. δάκρυ' εἰβομένη S. Ant. 527 (anap.), cf. E. Fr. 384; esp. of the nether world, A. Pers. 839, S. Ant. 197, etc.; κ. βλέπειν, φέρεσθαι, Pl. R. 500b, 584e; κ. διεχώρει αὐτοῖς they suffered from diarrhoea, X. An. 4.8.20, cf. Hp. Epid. 5.20; φάρμακον πῖσαι κ. give a purgative, Id. Aff. 32, cf. 15; κ. βοηθεῖν go down to help, D. 32.5; for ἄνω καὶ κάτω, ἄνω κάτω, etc., v. ἄνω (B) A. 11.2.

2. downwards, in a chain of causes, ἐπὶ τὸ κ. ἰέναι Arist. Metaph. 994a19.

3. c. gen., down from, πετρῶν ὦσαι κ. E. Cyc. 448.

II with Verbs implying Rest (so more freq. in Prose), beneath, below, opp. ἄνω, Hes. Th. 301, etc.: ὁ τόπος ὁ κ. καλούμενος Pl. Phd. 112c. in the world below, S. Aj. 660, OC 1563 (lyr.), etc.; οἱ κ. the dead, Id. Aj. 865, Ant. 75, etc.; οἱ κ. θεοί Id. El. 292, cf. E. Alc. 851. geographically below, southward, Hdt., v. ἄνω (B) A. 11.1e; also κ. οἰκεῖν to dwell on the coast, Th. 1.7; οἱ κ., opp. οἱ τὴν μεσόγειαν κατῳκημένοι, ib. 120; ἡ. κ. Γαλατία lower Galatia, Plu Aem. 9, etc.; βασιλεὺς τῶν τε ἄνω καὶ τῶν κ. χωρῶν OGI 90.3 (Rosetta, ii B.C.). in the race-course, τὰ κ. the starting-place, opp. τὰ ἄνω (the goal), Pl. R. 613b. τὰ κ. τῶν μελῶν the lower limbs of the body, Id. Lg. 794d; ἡ κ. κοιλία, opp. ἡ ἄνω, Arist. Mete. 360b24. PA 676a5; περὶ τὰ κ. χωρεῖν miscarry, fail, Luc. Ind. 1. of Time, afterwards, later, Ael. VH 5.13; οἱ κ. χρόνοι Plu. Cor. 25; οἱ κ., opp. οἱ πάλαι, Luc. Hipp. 1; τοῦ χρόνου κ. later in time, Ael. VH 3.17, NA 2.18; Δαρεῖος ὁ κ. ib. 6.48; cf. ἄνω (B) A. 11.1i. in Logic, τὰ κ. the lower members in a descending series of genera and species, Arist. AP 0.97a31, Metaph. 992a18.


1. c. gen., under, below, κ. χθονός, γῆς, A. Eu. 1023, S. OT 968, etc. Comp. κατωτέρω lower, downwards, Ar. Ra. 70, Alex. 173.2: c. gen., lower than, below, Hdt. 8.132.

2. Sup. κατωτάτω at the lowest part, τὰ κ. Id. 2.125 (but in signf. 11.g, Phld. Sign. 29).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κάτω (from κατά), adverb (fr. Homer down), comparitive κατωτέρω; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 472 (440));

1. down, downward: Matthew 4:6; Luke 4:9; John 8:6, 8; Acts 20:9.

2. below, beneath (cf. Winers Grammar, as above);

a. of place: Mark 14:66; Acts 2:19; ἕως κάτω (A. V. to the bottom), Matthew 27:51; Mark 15:38 (Ezekiel 1:27; Ezekiel 8:2); τά κάτω, the parts or regions that lie beneath (opposed to τά ἄνω, heaven), i. e. the earth, John 8:23.

b. of temporal succession: ἀπό διετοῦς καί κατωτέρω, from a child of two years and those that were of a lower age (cf. Winer's Grammar, 370 (347)), Matthew 2:16; ἀπό εἰκοσαετοῦς καί κάτω, 1 Chronicles 27:23.

STRONGS NT 2736: κατωτέρω κατωτέρω, see κάτω, especially 2 b.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κάτω ,


(< κατά ),

[in LXX for H4295, H8478 and cogn. forms;]

1. down, downwards (with verbs of motion), Matthew 4:6, Luke 4:9, John 8:6; John 8:8, Acts 20:9.

2. below, beneath: Mark 14:66, Acts 2:19 (LXX); ἕως κ . (Ezekiel 1:27, al.), Matthew 27:51, Mark 15:38. τὰ κ . (opp. to τ . ἄνω ), John 8:23. Compar. κατωτέρω : ἀπὸ διετοῦς καὶ κ . (cf. 1 Chronicles 27:21), Matthew 2:16.†

κατωτέρω , see κάτω .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κάτω used of place ";down,"; ";downwards,"; is found 8 times in the NT, and may be illustrated by P Hal I. 11.11 (B.C. 238) οὐλὴ τ ]ραχήλωι κάτωι (for form, see Mayser Gr. p. 136), P Magd 11.14 (B.C. 221) τῆς κάτω μερίδος, and P Tebt II. 414.20 (ii/A.D.) τὸ σφυρίδιν μετὰ τῶν ἐνόντων κάτω, ";the little basket with its contents at the bottom"; (Edd.). An ostracon receipt of iii/A.D. published by GH in Egypt. Archaeol. Report 1904–05 p. 16, No. 12, runs—λί (τρας) δ ̄ (ἥμισυ) ὀκτασοῦφα καὶ τρισοῦφα ἄνω καὶ κάτω δικόντυλα (l.δυλα) δωδεκάκυκλα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κατοδυνωμένων κατω κάτω κατώδυνοι κατώδυνος κατωδύνων κάτωθεν κατωτέραν κατώτερον κατωτερω κατωτέρω kato katō káto kátō katotero katotéro katōterō katōtérō
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