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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2552 - κακοπάθεια

from a compound of (G2556) and (G3806)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. the suffering of evil, i.e. trouble, distress, afflicted
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8513 ‑ תְּלָאָה (tel‑aw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κᾰκοπάθ-εια [πᾰ], ,

distress, misery, Hp. VM 10, Antipho 3.2.11, lsoc. 6.55, Arist. Pol. 1278b28; σώματος Antipho 5.18; of plants or trees, Thphr. CP 3.7.8; strain, stress, on the parts of a machine, Hero Bel. 93.1: pl., Hp. l.c.; ταῖς παρὰ τὴν ἀξίαν νῦν κακοπαθείαις your present unmerited sufferings, Th. 7.77: later, usu. written κᾰκοπαθ-παθία, IG 22.900.16 (ii B.C.), SIG 685.30 (Magnesia, ii B.C.), BGU 1209.7 (i B.C.), Ephesians 5:10 : pl., IG 12(7).386.24 (Amorgos, iii B.C.), Phld. Piet. 86, etc.; laborious toil, perseverance, BGU l.c. (i B.C.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(WH, -θία ), -ας ,

(< κακοπαθής , suffering),

[in LXX: Malachi 1:13 (H8513), 2 Maccabees 2:26-27, 4 Maccabees 9:8*;]

distress, affliction: James 5:10.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this form which is adopted by WH instead of the itacistic κακοπάθεια in James 5:10, and supported by the evidence given below, see Deissmann BS p. 263 f. Whether the word is to be understood actively or passively is not so clear, but the probability is that the two meanings pass into each other, as Deissmann (ut s.) practically admits : cf. Thieme (p. 29) who quotes Magn 105.3 (B.C. 138) (= Syll 929.30) πᾶσα ]ν ἀναδεχόμενοι κακοπαθίαν χάριν τοῦ μ [η ]θενὸς ὑσ [τ ]ερῆσαι [δικ ]αίου μηθένα τῶν κρ [ινομένων, and points out that both ";Bemühung"; and ";Beschwerde"; give good sense. Dittenberger in his note on OGIS 244.12 (iii/B.C.) τὴν περὶ τὸ σῶμα [γε ]γενημένην ἀσθένειαν διὰ τὰς συνεχεῖς κακο [π ]αθίας warns against treating τ. γεγ. ἀσθένειαν διὰ τ. κακοπαθίας as tautological in view of the tendency in late Greek to use κακοπαθία ";non tam de malis, quibus quis afflictatur, quam de negotiis laboriosis et molestis, quae in se suscipit,"; and compares ib, 339.23 (c. B.C. 120) πάντα κατωικονομήσατο διὰ τῆς τῶν πρεσβευόντων κακοπαθίας = ";omne bene et ex voluntate composuit populus usus labore legatorum."; See also Syll 255.23 (iii/B.C.) ἐν ἀνάγκαις καὶ κακοπαθίαις γένηται, 246.9 (B.C. 220–16) οὔτε κακοπα [θί ]αν οὐδεμίαν οὔτε κί [ν ]δυνον ὑποστελλόμενος. For the word passing over almost into the sense of ";endurance,"; see BGU IV. 1209.7 (B.C. 23) οὐδὲν σπουδῆς οὐδὲ κακοπαθίας παρέλιπον.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κακοπαθείας κακοπαθιας κακοπαθίας kakopathias kakopathías
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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