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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2063 - ἐρυθρός
- the Red Sea
- the Indian Ocean washing the shores of Arabia and Persia, with its two gulfs, of which the one on the east is called the Persian Gulf, the other on the opposite side the Arabian. In the NT the phrase denotes the upper part of the Arabian Gulf (the Heropolitie Gulf, so called [i.e. the Gulf of Suez]), through which the Israelites made their passage out of Egypt to the shore of Arabia.
ἐρυθρός, ά, όν,
[ ῠ by nature, Ar. Ach. 787, al.: hence the later Comp. and Sup. are perh. -ώτερος, -ώτατος, as in Pl. Ti. 83b, Epin. 987c; but the metre requires -ότερος in Anaxandr. 22, Dromo 1, cf. Choerob. in Theod. 2.76 ]: —
1. red, νέκταρ ἐ. Il. 19.38, Od. 5.93; χαλκός Il. 9.365; χρυσὸν ἐ. ἰδεῖν Thgn. 450; κῆρυξ ἐ., a ship painted with vermilion, Orac. ap. Hdt. 3.57; -ότερον κόκκον Dromo l.c.; ἐ. πέλανος, of blood, A. Eu. 265 (lyr.); ἐρυθρά, τά, red pimples, eruption, Hp. Liqu. 6; but ἐ. διελθόντα red motions, Id. Coac. 178.
2. ἐρυθρά, ἡ, = μελισσόφυλλον, Ps.- Dsc. 3.104; ἐρυθρός, ὁ (sc. ῥοῠς), fruit of the ῥοῠς βυρσοδεψική, Dsc. 1.108.
3. ἐρυθρόν, τό, w)|ou= yolk, Sor. 1.124, Orib. Syn. 5.13.
II Ἐρυθρὴ θάλασσα in Hdt. the Indian Ocean, in which the Red Sea (Ἀράβιος κόλπος) is sts. included (of the existence of the Persian Gulf he was ignorant), 1.180, 2.11, 158, 4.42, al.; πόντος Ἐ. Pi. P. 4.251 — later the Red Sea only, OGI 69,186,190, al.: also of the Persian Gulf, X. Cyr. 8.6.20, D.S. 2.11; Peripl.M.Rubr. prob. mentions Zanzibar and China; used of remote and unknown places, μόνον οὐκ ἐπὶ τὴν Ἐ. θάλατταν πρεσβείας πέμπειν D. 19.304: really ἡ Ἐρύθρα θάλασσα sea of Erythras, acc. to Agatharch. 5. (Lat. rubrofr. *rudhro-, cf. Skt. rudhirá-; v. ἐρεύθω.)
OGIS 69 is a dedicatory tablet erected θεοῖς μ ̣εγάλοις Σαμοθρᾷξι by a certain Apollonius—σωθεὶς ἐγ μεγάλων κινδύνων ἐκπλεύσας ἐκ τῆς Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης, where the editor considers that the Arabian Gulf is referred to : cf. ib. 186.6 (B.C. 62) στρατηγὸς τῆς Ἰνδικῆς καὶ Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης, 199.25 (vi/A.D.) πέραν δὲ τῆς Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης οἰκοῦντας Ἀρραβίτας, and P Ryl II. 66 (late ii/B.C.) a petition addressed στρατη ]γω ̣̑ι Ἐρυθρᾶ [ς θαλάσσης, For the adj. ἐρυθρίας, ";of ruddy complexion,"; cf. the description of a certain Euphronius in P Petr III. 13(a).26 (B.C. 235) (as amended p. ix.)—εὐμεγέθ ]ης ἐρυθρία [ς ἐ ]πίγρυπος, and for the verb in its derived sense, as in Tobit 2:14, cf. P Tebt I. 37.10 (B.C. 73) μεγάλως ἠρυθρίακε, ";he has become much ashamed"; (Edd.).
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the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13