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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2012 - ἐπίτροπος

from (G1909) and (G5158) (in the sense of (G2011))
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. one to whose care or honour anything has been instructed
    1. a curator, a guardian
    2. a steward or manager of a household, or of lands
      1. overseer
    3. one who has the care and tutelage of children, either where the father is dead (a guardian of minors), or where the father is still alive
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Galatians 1
NAS (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Galatians 1
HCS (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Galatians 1
BSB (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Galatians 1
ESV (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Galatians 1
WEB (4)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Galatians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπίτροπ-ος, ον, (ἐπιτρέπω)

1. one to whom the charge of anything is entrusted, steward, trustee, administrator, c.gen. rei, τῶν ἑωυτοῦ Hdt. 1.108; τῶν οἰκίων Id. 3.63: abs., X. Oec. 12.3, D. 21.78, 27.19, Luke 8:3, etc.; steward, messman, X. Cyr. 4.2.35: metaph., τῶν [τοῦ Πρωταγόρου] ἐ. Pl. Tht. 165a.

2. = Lat. procurator, Καίσαρος ἐ. Str. 3.4.20, Plu. 2.813e, etc.; ἐ. Σεβαστοῦ, -τῶν, OG 1502.10 (Aezani, ii A.D.), 501.2 (Tralles, ii A.D.); ἐ. τῆς Ἠπείρου Arr. Epict. 3.4.1; τῶν μετάλλων OG 1678.5 (Egypt, ii A.D.), etc.

3. governor, viceroy, οἱ ἐ. τῆς Μέμφιος, Μιλήτου ἐ., Hdt. 3.27, 5.30, cf. 106.

4. executor, PPetr. 3p.9, al. (iii B.C.).

II c.gen.pers., trustee, guardian, Hdt. 4.76, Th. 2.80, etc.; ἐ. τινι παίδων Hyp. Epit. 42: abs., Pl. Lg. 924b, etc.; ὑπὸ ἐπιτρόπους εἶναι Galatians 4:2; καθιστάναι ἐ. PRyl. 153.18 (ii A.D.): metaph., guardian, protector, θεὸς ἐ. ἐών Pi. O. 1.106.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπίτροπος, ἐπιτρόπου, (ἐπιτρέπω), universally, one to whose care or honor anything has been intrusted; a curator, guardian, (Pindar Ol. 1, 171, et al.; Philo de mundo § 7 Θεός καί πατήρ καί τεχνίτης καί ἐπίτροπος τῶν ἐν οὐρανῷ τέ καί ἐν κόσμῳ). Specifically,

1. a steward or manager of a household, or of lands; an overseer: Matthew 20:8; Luke 8:3; Xenophon, oec. 12, 2; 21, 9; (Aristotle, oec. 1, 5 (p. 1344a, 26) δούλων δέ εἴδη δύω, ἐπίτροπος καί ἐργάτης).

2. one who has the care and tutelage of children, either where the father is dead (a guardian of minors: 2 Macc. 11:1 2Macc. 13:2; ἐπίτροπος ὀρθανων, Plato, legg. 6, p. 766 c.; Plutarch, Lyc. 3; Cam. 15), or where the father still lives (Aelian v. h. 3, 26): Galatians 4:2.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἐπίτροπος , -ου ,

(< ἐπιτρέπω ),

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 11:1; 2 Maccabees 13:2; 2 Maccabees 14:2*;]

1. an administrator, a steward: Matthew 20:3, Luke 8:3.

2. a guardian (c. gen. pers., 2Mac, ll. c.): Galatians 4:2.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπίτροπος is very common in connexion with the guardianship of minors (cf. Galatians 4:2), e.g. P Ryl II. 109.18 (A.D. 235) Α (ὐρήλιος) Ἑρμόδ [ωρ ]ος. . ἐπίτροπ (ος) τῶν ἀφηλ (ίκων) . . . ὤμοσα ὑπὲρ αὐτῶν, ";I, Aurelius Hermodorus, guardian of the minors, have taken the oath on their behalf,"; ib. 121.15 (ii/A.D.) ἀξιῶ. . . [ ]πίτροπον αὐτᾦ καταστα [θῆ ]ναι, and a Will, ib. 153.18 (A.D. 138–61) οὗ καὶ καθίστημι ἐπιτρόπους [ἄχ ]ρ ̣ι ̣ ο ̣ ̣ γένη ̣[ται τῆ ]ς ἐννό [μο ]υ ̣ [ ]λικίας. Preisigke Fachwörter, p. 93) has classified the uses of the word in connexion with the office of ";procurator"; : cf. Magie, p. 162 f., and Rouffiac Recherches, p. 46, where we are reminded of the Imperial procurator at Priene—ὁ τῶν κυρίων ἐπίτροπος (Priene 230.5-A.D. 196–212). The agreement with Matthew 20:8 λέγει ὁ κύριος. . . τῷ ἐπιτροπῳ αὐτοῦ is of course, as Rouffiac remarks, purely verbal.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επιτροπου επιτρόπου ἐπιτρόπου επιτροπους επιτρόπους ἐπιτρόπους επιτροπω επιτρόπω ἐπιτρόπῳ epitropo epitropō epitrópoi epitrópōi epitropou epitrópou epitropous epitrópous
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