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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1642 - ἐλαττόω

from (G1640)
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  1. to make less or inferior: in dignity
  2. to be made less or inferior: in dignity
  3. to decrease in authority or popularity
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2637 ‑ חָסֵר (khaw‑sare');  4591 ‑ מָעַט (maw‑at');  6819 ‑ צָעַר (tsaw‑ar');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
John 1
Hebrews 4
NAS (5)
John 1
Hebrews 4
HCS (3)
John 1
Hebrews 2
BSB (3)
John 1
Hebrews 2
ESV (3)
John 1
Hebrews 2
WEB (5)
John 1
Hebrews 4
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐλαττ-όω, v. cross ἐλασσόω.


I Att. ἐλασς-ττόω: aor. ἠλάττωσα Lys. 13.9, Plb. 16.21.5: pf. ἠλλάττωκα D.H. Comp. 6, etc.: Pass., fut. -ωθήσομαι Th. 5.34, D. 21.66: fut. Med. in same sense, Hdt. 6.11, Th. 5.104: aor. ἠλασσώθην, -ττώθην, Id. 1.77, D. 10.33: pf. ἠλάττωμαι Apollod.Com. 7.3, Plb. 18.4.3:

1. make less or smaller, diminish, reduce in amount, PTeb. 19.11 (ii B.C.), PLips. 105.28 (i A.D.): Pass., POxy. 918xi3 (ii A.D.).

2. in early writers, lower, degrade, τὴν πόλιν Lys. 13.9, Isoc. 8.17; ἠλάττωσας αὐτὸν βραχύ τι παρ' ἀγγέλους LXX Psalms 8:6; cut down, shorten, συναλοιφαῖς τὰ ῥήματα D.H. Comp. 6: c. gen., detract from, μὴ προστιθέναι τιμήν, ἀλλὰ μὴ ἐλασσοῦν τῆς ὑπαρχούσης Th. 3.42: Med., reduce the power of, τινάς Plb. 22.15.1.

II Pass.,

1 abs., to be lessened, suffer loss, be depreciated, of things, Th. 2.62; of persons, Id. 4.59,al., OGI 139.10 (ii B.C.), PTeb. 382.13 (i B.C.), Phld. Lib. p.32 O., al., John 3:30, etc.; μέγα τοῦθ' οἱ πατέρες ἠλαττώμεθα Apollod.Com. 7.3; also, take less than one's due, waive one's rights or privileges, Th. 1.77, D. 56.14; but, fall short of one's professions, act dishonestly, Isoc. 1.49.

2. c. dat. rei, have the worst of it, Hdt. 6.11, Th. 5.104, etc.; τῷ πολέμῳ Id. 1.115; to be inferior, τῇ ἐμπειρίᾳ Id. 5.72; πολλαῖς ναυσί X. HG 1.5.15; πᾶσι τούτοις ib. 6.2.28; ἠλαττωμένος τοῖς ὄμμασι, of a one-eyed man, Plb. 18.4.3; πρός τινα POxy. 215ii18: c. gen., fall short of, τῶν ἀρχετύπων Ph. 1.606.

3. c. gen. pers., to be at a disadvantage with a person, πολλὰ μὲν οὖν ἔγωγ' ἐλαττοῦμαι κατὰ τουτονὶ τὸν ἀγῶν' Αἰσχίνου D. 18.3; ἐλαττοῦσθαί τινός τινι Pl. Alc. 1.121b; μηδὲν τῶν δημιουργῶν Id. Grg. 459c.

4. c. gen. rei, suffer loss in respect of, κεφαλαίου, τόκων, BGU 155.10 (ii A.D.); to be in want of, LXX 1 Samuel 21:15(16): also c. dat., ib. 2 Samuel 3:29.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐλαττόω (Buttmann, 7), ἐλάττω: 1 aorist ἠλαττωσα; passive, (present ἐλαττοῦμαι); perfect participle ἠλαττωμενος; (ἐλαττῶν); to make less or inferior: τινα, in dignity, Hebrews 2:7; passive to be made less or inferior: in dignity, Hebrews 2:9; to decrease (opposed to αὐξάνω), in authority and popularity, John 3:30. (Many times in the Sept.; in Greek writings from Thucydides on.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐλαττόω , -

(< ἐλάιττων ),

[in LXX (where also -σσῶ ) chiefly for H2637, and very freq. in Sir;]

to make less: Hebrews 2:7 (LXX); pass., John 3:30, Hebrews 2:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this, the more ordinary equivalent of the foregoing verb, we may cite P Tebt I. 19.11 (B.C. 114) σὺ δὲ ὀρθῶς ποιήσεις τὸ προσάγγελμα μὴ ἐλαττώσας παρὰ τὸ πρῶτον, ";you will be right in not diminishing the report compared with the first one"; (Edd.), ib. II. 382.13 (B.C. 30–A.D. 1) ἐμ μηδενὶ ἐλαττουμένου τοῦ Ἀκυσιλάου ἐν ᾗ ἔχει μ ̣[ο ]υ μίσθωσιν, ";Acusilaus shall incur no loss in the lease which he holds of me"; (Edd.), P Lond 897.1 (A.D.84) (= III. p. 206) λαογραφίας τότε γὰρ ἐλασσωθεὶς ὑπὸ τοῦ προόντος κωμογραμμάτεως, and P Hamb I. 8.12 (A.D. 136) μὴ ἐλαττουμένων ἡμῶν ὑπὲρ ὧν ὀφι ̣εται λοιπῶν φόρων τοῦ αὐτοῦ ιθ ̄ (ἔτους), ";ohne dass wir beeinträchtigt werden in Bezug auf die übrigen Abgaben desselben Jahres, die Ihr uns noch schuldet"; (Ed., who refers to Gradenwitz Einführung i. p. 31).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ελαττουσθαι ελαττούσθαι ἐλαττοῦσθαι ηλαττωμενον ηλαττωμένον ἠλαττωμένον ηλαττωσας ηλάττωσας ἠλάττωσας elattomenon elattoménon ēlattōmenon ēlattōménon elattosas eláttosas ēlattōsas ēláttōsas elattousthai elattoûsthai