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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1640 - ἐλάσσων

el-as'-sone, el-at'-tone
comparative of the same as (G1646)
Parts of Speech
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  1. less
    1. in age (younger)
    2. in rank
    3. in excellence, worse
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 772 ‑ אֲרַע (ar‑ah');  4270 ‑ מַחְסֹר (makh‑sore', makh‑sore');  4591 ‑ מָעַט (maw‑at');  6810 ‑ צָעוֹר (tsaw‑eer', tsaw‑ore');  6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
John 1
Romans 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (4)
John 1
Romans 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
HCS (4)
John 1
Romans 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (4)
John 1
Romans 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (4)
John 1
Romans 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (4)
John 1
Romans 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I Att. ἐλάσς-ττων, ον, gen. ονος: Sup. ἐλάχιστος (q.v.):

1. smaller, less, formed from ἐλαχύς (q.v.), but serving as Comp. to μικρός, δουρηνεκὲς ἢ καὶ ἔλασσον Il. 10.357; τοὔλασσον ἔχειν to have the worse, be worse off, πάντῃ Thgn. 269; οὐδὲν ἔλασσον ἔχειν τῇ μάχῃ Hdt. 9.102; ἔ. ἔχειν παρά τινι D. 21.187; ἐλάττων γίγνεσθαι Ar. Eq. 441, D. 3.29; οὐκ ἐλάσσονα πάσχειν A. Pers. 813; ἐλάττω νομίσας τὴν ἀρχὴν ἢ κατὰ τὴν αὑτοῦ φύσιν εἶναι too small for.., Isoc. 11.11: abs., too small, Thphr. Char. 23.9; below the average in height, PLips. 1.9, etc.

2. c. gen. pers., worse than, inferior to, Ar. V. 599, etc.: but c. gen. rei, giving way to, subservient to, σιτίων X. Lac. 5.8; πάθους Plu. Cor. 34: abs., worse, inferior, τόποι Gp. 2.48.1.

3. neut. with Preps., περὶ ἐλάσσονος ποιεῖσθαι to consider of less account, Hdt. 6.6; ἐν ἐλάττονι θέσθαι Plb. 4.6.12; παρ' ἔλαττον τοῦ δέοντος ἡγεῖσθαι Pl. R. 546d; ἐπ' ἔλαττον (sc. ἁρμοσθῆναι) Id. Phd. 93b; δι' ἐλάσσονος at less distance, Th. 7.4; πάντ' ἐν ἐλάττονι ποιεῖσθαι τῆς ἡδονῆς Heraclid.Pont. ap. Ath. 12.537c.

II of Number, fewer, οἱ ἐλάσσονες the minority, Hdt. 3.121; ἐλάσσονες ἀριθμόν Id. 8.66; ἔ. πλῆθος Th. 1.49.

III of Time, shorter, Pl. Plt. 295c, etc. of worth or rank, οἱ ἐ. the meaner sort, Isoc. 2.13, Alex. 116.12. neut. ἔλασσον, as Adv., ἔ. ἢ μηδέν A. Pr. 938, cf. S. El. 598, Pl. R. 564d, etc.; ἔ. ἄπωθεν less far off, Th. 4.67; πλείω ἔλαττον, with numbers, more or less, PLips. 28.10 (iv A.D.), etc.: neut. pl., as Adv.,= ἐλαττονάκις, Pl. Cri. 53a, al.: regul. Adv. ἐλασσόνως (q.v.). with indecl. Numerals, the of Comparison is often omitted, οὐκ ἐλάττους ὀγδοήκοντα D.S. 14.8; esp. in Adv. ἔλασσον, as μὴ ἔ. δέκα ἔτη Pl. Lg. 856d,al. (Orig. ἐλάχγων, cf. ἐλάχ-ιστος, ἐλαχύς.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐλάσσων (in John and Romans) or ἐλαττῶν (in Hebrews, 1 Timothy; cf. Buttmann, 7), ἐλασσον (comparitive of the epic adjective ἐλαχύς equivalent to μικρός) (from Homer down), less — either in age (younger), Romans 9:12; or in rank, Hebrews 7:7; or in excellence, worse (opposed to καλός), John 2:10. Neuter ἔλαττον, adverbially, less (namely, than etc., A. V. under; cf. Winers Grammar, 239 (225); 595f, (554); Buttmann, 127f (112)): 1 Timothy 5:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐλάσσων (-ττων , Hebrews 7:7, WH, 1 Timothy 5:9), -ον

(formed, with superl. ἐλάχιστος , from the epic ἐλαχύς , little, and serving as compar. of μικρός ),

[in LXX for H4591, etc.;]

less, in age, rank or quality: John 2:19, Romans 9:12 (LXX), Hebrews 7:7; neut., -ον , adverbially: 1 Timothy 5:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Petr III. 32(f).10 a complaint is brought against a tax-collector that he makes agreements ";at too low a rate"; with certain persons who are liable to the police tax—ἐξ ἐλάττ ̣[ονο ]ς συνχωρήσεις ποιεῖται : cf. P Par 63.28 (B.C. 165) (= P Petr III. p. 20) ἕκαστον αὐτῶν γεω [ργ ]ήσειν ἐπὶ τὸ ἔλασσον, ";that each man is personally liable for field labour on the smaller assessment"; (Mahaffy), ib. .120 (= ib. p. 28) τοῖς δυναμένοις οὐκ ἔλασσον τούτου μεριστέον, ";not less than this (assessment) is to be allotted to those who are capable"; (id.), and P Oxy II. 237viii. 11 (A.D. 186) ἐπ᾽ ἐλλάττονι συμβήσεσθαι, ";to accept less than the full amount"; (Edd.). So P Giss I. 61.18 (A.D. 119) ἀξιοῦμ ̣ε ̣[ν ] . . . τὴν ἐξε ̣τασιν ποιη ̣σασθαι πρὸς τὸ μηδὲν ἔλασσον τῶι φίσ ̣[κωι ] ἐπακολουθῆσαι, with which the editor contrasts P Oxy II. 279.3 (A.D. 44–5) πλεῖον περιποιῆσαι τοῖς δη [μοσ ]ίοις. For a direct antithesis with πλείων, see PSI III. 187.10 (iv/A.D.) μισθώσασθ [αι ] . . . [ἀρ ]ούρας δέκα ἢ ὅσας ἐὰν ὦσ [ι ] ἐπὶ τὸ πλεῖον ἢ ἔ [λασσον, and for a similar antithesis with μείζων see P Ryl II. 77.39 (A.D. 192) . εἶπ (ενἀναδεξάμενος τὴν μείζονα ἀρχὴν οὐκ ὀφείλει τὴν ἐλάττον᾽ ἀποφεύγειν, ";O. said : —‘A person who has offered to undertake the greater office ought, not to shun the lesser’ "; (Edd.). For the corresponding subst. cf. e.g. P Tebt I. 97.1 (B.C. 118) where an account of payments in kind is headed—list of payments εἰς τὴν μί [σ (θωσιν) τοῦ ] αὐτ [οῦ ] (ἔτους) εἰς τὸ ἐλάσσωμα, ";on account of leases of the said year to meet the deficiency,"; and BGU IV. 1060.26 (time of Augustus) ἀξιοῦμεν ἐν μηδενὶ ἐλαττώμ ̣α ̣τ ̣ι ̣ ἡμᾶς πρόνοιαν γενέσθαι. On the interchange of -σσ - and -ττ - see Mayser Gr. p. 223, and Moulton Gr. ii. § 43.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ελασσονι ελάσσονι ἐλάσσονι ελασσω ελάσσω ἐλάσσω ελάσσων ελατά ελαταί ελάται ελαταίς ελατάς ελάτης ελατίνους ελατούς ελαττον έλαττον ἔλαττον ελαττόνων ελάττοσιν ελάχιστα elasso elassō elásso elássō elassoni elássoni elatton élatton
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