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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1646 - ἐλάχιστος

Root Word (Etymology)
superlative of elachus (short)
Parts of Speech
used as equivalent to 3398
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  1. smallest least
    1. in size
    2. in amount: of management of affairs
    3. in importance: what is the least moment
    4. in authority: of commandments
    5. in the estimation of men: of persons
    6. in rank and excellence: of persons
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (13)
Matthew 5
Luke 4
1 Corinthians 3
James 1
NAS (26)
Matthew 5
Luke 12
1 Corinthians 5
Ephesians 2
James 2
HCS (12)
Matthew 5
Luke 3
1 Corinthians 3
James 1
BSB (13)
Matthew 5
Luke 4
1 Corinthians 3
James 1
ESV (12)
Matthew 5
Luke 4
1 Corinthians 2
James 1
WEB (13)
Matthew 5
Luke 4
1 Corinthians 3
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐλᾰχιστ-ος [ ], η, ον,

Sup. of ἐλαχύς: Comp. ἐλάσσων (q.v.):


1. smallest, least, freq. with a neg., γέρας, δύναμις οὐκ ἐ., h.Merc. 573, Hdt. 7.168, etc.; λόγου ἐλαχίστου of least account, Id. 1.143; ἐλαχίστου ἐδέησε διαφθεῖραι narrowly missed destroying them, Th. 2.77; περὶ ἐλαχίστου ποιεῖσθαι Pl. Ap. 30a; παρ' ἐλάχιστον ἐποίησεν αὐτοὺς ἀφαιρεθῆναι D. 17.22.

2. of Time, shortest, δι' ἐλαχίστου (sc. χρόνου) Th. 3.39; δι' ἐλαχίστης βουλῆς with shortest deliberation, Id. 1.138.

3. of Number, fewest, Pl. R. 378a; ἐ. τὸν ἀριθμόν Arist. Pol. 1312a30; ἐν ἐλαχίστοις δυσίν between two at least. Id. EN 1131a15.

4. Math., ἐλάχιστα καὶ μέγιστα minima and maxima, Apollon.Perg. Con. 1 Praef.

II τὸ ἐλάχιστον, τοὐλάχιστον, at the least, Hdt. 2.13, X. An. 5.7.8, D. 4.21; ἐλάχιστα least of any one, Th. 1.70; ὡς ἐ. as little as possible, Pl. Phd. 63d.

III from ἐλάχιστος came a new Comp. ἐλαχιστότερος less than the least, ἐ. πάντων ἁγίων Ephesians 3:8 : Sup. ἐλαχιστότατος very least of all, S.E. M. 3.54, 9.406.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐλάχιστος, ἐλαχίστη, ἐλάχιστον (superlative of the adjective μικρός, but coming from ἐλαχύς) ((Homer h. Merc. 573), Herodotus down), smallest, least — whether in size: James 3:4; in amount: of the management of affairs, πιστός ἐν ἐλαχίστῳ, Luke 16:10 (opposed to ἐν πολλῷ); ; ἐν ἐλαχίστῳ ἄδικος, Luke 16:10; in importance: what is of the least moment, 1 Corinthians 6:2; in authority: of commandments, Matthew 5:19; in the estimation of men: of persons, Matthew 25:40, 45; in rank and excellence: of persons, Matthew 5:19; 1 Corinthians 15:9; of a town, Matthew 2:6. οὐδέ (R G οὔτε) ἐλάχιστον, not even a very small thing, Luke 12:26; ἐμοί εἰς ἐλάχιστον, ἐστι (see εἰμί, V. 2 c.), 1 Corinthians 4:3.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐλάχιστος , -η , -ον

(see ἐλάσσων ),

smallest, least: as proper superlat., 1 Corinthians 15:9; elsewhere, as usually in late Gk., intensive (B1., § 11, 3); Matthew 2:6 (LXX) Matthew 25:40; Matthew 25:45 Luke 12:26; Luke 16:10; Luke 19:17, 1 Corinthians 4:3; 1 Corinthians 6:2, James 3:4; . ἐν τ . βασιλείᾳ τ . οὐρανῶν , Matthew 5:19 (v. Dalman, Words, 113). Compar., ἐλαχιστότερος (for corresp. superl., v. LS; v. also Bl., § 44, 3); less than the least: Ephesians 3:8.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this form as a true superlative, as in 1 Corinthians 15:9 (cf. Proleg. p. 79), we may cite P Tebt I. 24.67 (B.C. 117) ἐπὶ τὸ ἐλάχιστον, ";at least"; : the document is official, though written in very bad Greek. It survives even as late as viii/A.D. in P Lond 77.32 (= I. p. 233) ἀπὸ μικροῦ εἴδους ἕως ἐλαχίστου. The phrase ἐν ἐλαχίστῳ, as in Luke 16:10, cf. Joshua 6:26, occurs in P Cattv. 23 (ii/A.D.) (= Chrest. II. p. 422), and the plur. in P Hib I. 27.35 (B.C. 301–240) ὡς οὖν ἠδυνάμην ἀκριβέστατα ἐν ἐλαχίστοις συναγαγεῖν. With reference to persons, as Matthew 5:19, see Syll 418.58 (A.D. 238) καὶ γὰρ ὡς ἀληθῶς ἀπὸ πολλῶν οἰκοδεσποτῶν εἰς ἐλαχίστους κατεληλύθαμεν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ελάχιστα ελαχιστη ελαχίστη ἐλαχίστη ελαχίστης ελάχιστοι ελαχιστον ελάχιστον ελάχιστόν ἐλάχιστον ἐλάχιστόν ελαχιστος ελάχιστος ἐλάχιστος ελαχιστου ελαχίστου ἐλαχίστου ελαχιστω ελαχίστω ἐλαχίστῳ ελαχιστων ελαχίστων ἐλαχίστων elachiste elachistē elachíste elachístē elachisto elachistō elachístoi elachístōi elachiston elachistōn elachíston elachístōn eláchiston eláchistón elachistos eláchistos elachistou elachístou
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