the Fifth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1611 - ἔκστασις
- any casting down of a thing from its proper place or state, displacement
- a throwing of the mind out of its normal state, alienation of mind, whether such as makes a lunatic or that of a man who by some sudden emotion is transported as it were out of himself, so that in this rapt condition, although he is awake, his mind is drawn off from all surrounding objects and wholly fixed on things divine that he sees nothing but the forms and images lying within, and thinks that he perceives with his bodily eyes and ears realities shown him by God.
- amazement, the state of one who, either owing to the importance or the novelty of an event, is thrown into a state of blended fear and wonderment
ἔκστᾰσις, εως, ἡ,
I displacement, ἄρθρων Hp. Art. 56; πᾶσα κίνησις ἔ. ἐστι τοῦ κινουμένου Arist. de An. 406b13: hence, change, εἰς ἀντικείμενα Id. GA 768a27; αἱ κακίαι ἐ. Id. Ph. 247a3; ἔ. ἐστιν ἐν τῇ γενέσει τὸ παρὰ φύσιν τοῦ κατὰ φύσιν Id. Cael. 286a19; ἔ. τῆς φύσεως degeneracy, Thphr. CP 3.1.6; opp. στάσις, Plot. 6.3.2; movement outwards, ἔ. ἀπὸ τοῦ παράγοντος Dam. Pr. 97 bis; ἔ. εἰς τὸ ἔξω ib. 401; [σῶμα] ἐν ἐκστάσει λαβὸν τὴν ὑπόστασιν Porph. Sent. 36; differentiation, ἔ. καὶ πιῆθος Plot. 6.7.17; αἱ εἰς πλῆθος ἐ. Procl. in Ti. 2.203 D.
1. standing aside, Arist. Rh. 1361a37 (pl.). = Lat. cessio bonorum, CPR 20ii9 (iii A.D.); ἔ. χρημάτων Porph. Abst. 1.53; a tax on cessions, BGU 914.6 (ii A.D.), PLond. 2.305.2 (PTeb. ii p.184).
2. distraction of mind, from terror, astonishment, anger, etc., Hp. Aph. 7.5, Prorrh. 2.9; ἔ. σιγῶσα Id. Coac. 65; ἔ. μανική Arist. Cat. 10a1; ἔ. τῶν λογισμῶν Plu. So 8; νοῦ Plot. 5.3.7; τὰ μηδὲ προσδοκώμεν' ἔκστασιν φέρει Men. 149, cf. Epit. 472, Epicur. Fr. 113; εἰς ἔ. ἄγειν Longin. 1.4.
3. entrancement, astonishment, Luke 5:26, Mark 5:42.
4. trance, Acts 10:10, Acts 22:17; ecstasy, Plot. 6.9.11; ἔ. καὶ μανία Herm. in Phdr. p.103A. drunken excitement, Corn. ND 30.
ἔκστασις, ἐκστάσεως, ἡ (ἐξίστημι);
1. universally, in Greek writing, any casting down of a thing from its proper place or state; displacement (Aristotle, Plutarch).
2. a throwing of the mind out of its normal state, alienation of mind, whether such as makes a lunatic (διανοίας, Deuteronomy 28:28; τῶν λογισμῶν, Plutarch, Sol. 8), or that of the man who by some sudden emotion is transported as it were out of himself, so that in this rapt condition, although he is awake, his mind is so drawn off from all surrounding objects and wholly fixed on things divine that he sees nothing but the forms and images lying within, and thinks that he perceives with his bodily eyes and ears realities shown him by God (Philo,quis rerum divin. heres § 53 (cf. 51; B. D. under the word, Trance; Delitzsch, Psychol. 5:5)): ἐπέπεσεν (Rec., others ἐγένετο) ἐπ' ἔκστασις, Acts 10:10; εἶδεν ἐν ἐκστάσει ὅραμα, Acts 11:5; γενέσθαι ἐν ἐκστάσει, Acts 22:17, cf. 2 Corinthians 12:2f.
3. In the O. T. and the New amazement (cf. Longinus, 1, 4; Stobaeus, flor. tit. 104, 7), the state of one who, either owing to the importance or the novelty of an event, is thrown into a state of blended fear and wonder: εἶχεν αὐτάς τρόμος καί ἔκστασις, Mark 16:8; ἐξέστησαν ἐκστάσει μεγάλη, Mark 5:42 (Ezekiel 26:16); ἔκστασις ἔλαβεν ἅπαντας, Luke 5:26; ἐπλήσθησαν θάμβους καί ἐκστάσεως, Acts 3:10; (for חֲרָדָה, trembling, Genesis 27:33; 1 Samuel 14:15, etc.; פַּחַד, fear, 2 Chronicles 14:14, etc.).
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ἔκ -στασις , -εως , ἡ
[in LXX: Genesis 27:33, 1 Samuel 14:15, Ezekiel 26:16, al. (H2731); 2 Chronicles 14:14; 2 Chronicles 17:10; 2 Chronicles 20:29 (H6343), al.;]
1. a displacement (Arist.).
2. An abnormal condition of the mind, in which the subject passes out of his usual self-control (Hippocr.); in NT (Kennedy, Sources, 121 f.);
(a) a trance: Acts 10:10; Acts 11:5; Acts 22:17;
(b) amazement: Mark 5:42; Mark 16:8, Luke 5:26, Acts 3:19.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ἔκστασις is used = ";cessio bonorum"; in CPR I. 20ii. 9 (A.D. 250) τὰ ἀντιγραφέντα μοι. . . [ἐ ]ξ ἀξιώσεώς μου μ [ε ]τ᾽ ἐκστάσεως πάντων τῶν ὑπαρχόντων μου : see the editor’s note p. 106 and cf. Chrest. II. i. p. 287 f. For τέλος ἐκστάσεως i.e. an ἐγκύκλιον or tax on sales, see the editors’ introduction to P Tebt II. 350, and cf. BGU III. 914.6 (A.D. 113). The curse of Deuteronomy 28:28 is repeated in Syll 891.14 (ii/A.D.) τοῦτόν τε θεὸς πατάξαι ἀπορίᾳ. . . καὶ παραπληξίᾳ καὶ ἀορασίᾳ καὶ ἐκστάσει διανοίας. A good illustration of the NT usage is afforded by the new Menander fragment, Menandrea p. 35.472 βρυχηθμὸς ἔνδον, τιλμός, ἔκστασις συχνή, ";in the house there followed a bellowing, a tearing of hair, and frequent outbursts of frenzy."; See also Hobart, p. 41.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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