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Bible Encyclopedias
Zoan

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

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An important Egyptian city of great antiquity, almost as old as Hebron (Numbers 13:22). The "princes of Zoan" are ranked in Isaiah 19:11,13 with those of Noph (Memphis), and the city itself is mentioned in Ezekiel 30:14 together with No (Thebes). The Israelitish embassies to it (Isaiah 30:4) may imply that it was the residence of Pharaoh, and a similar allusion may possibly be traced in Psalms 78:12,43, unless "the field of Zoan" is a poetic designation of Egypt in general.

Zoan (Hebr. ; the Egyptian "Ẓa'ne" [older form, "Ẓa'net"]; the Coptic "Ja[a]ne," "Jani"; and the "Tanis" of the Greeks) was situated in the Delta on the Tanitic branch of the Nile, not far from the modern lake of Menzalah and the northeastern frontier of Egypt. The ruins, excavated by Mariette in 1860 and, more thoroughly, by Petrie in 1883, have yielded monuments ranging from the sixth dynasty to the Roman period, when the city, once a royal residence, especially of the twenty-first or "Tanitic" dynasty, began to degenerate into the fishing-village represented by the modern Ṣan al-Ḥajar.

Bibliography:
  • Petrie, Tanis, London, 1885-87.
E. G. H.
W. M. M.
Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Zoan'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​tje/​z/zoan.html. 1901.
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