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Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature
This word is frequently used as the symbol of calamities or diseases inflicted by God (Job 6:4; Job 34:6; Psalms 38:2; Deuteronomy 32:23; comp. Ezekiel 5:16; Zechariah 9:14). Lightnings are, by a very fine figure, described as the arrows of God (Psalms 18:14; Psalms 144:6; Habakkuk 3:11; comp. Wisdom of Solomon 5:21; 2 Samuel 22:15). 'Arrow' is occasionally used to denote some sudden or inevitable danger; as in Psalms 91:5 :—'The arrow that flieth by day.' It is also figurative of anything injurious, as a deceitful tongue (Psalms 129:4; Jeremiah 9:7); a bitter word (Psalms 64:3); a false testimony (Proverbs 25:18). The arrow is, however, not always symbolical of evil. In Psalms 127:4-5, well-conditioned children are compared to 'arrows in the hands of a mighty man;' i.e. instruments of power and action. The arrow is also used in a good sense to denote the efficient and irresistible energy of the word of God in the hands of the Messiah (Psalms 45:5; Isaiah 49:2).
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Arrow'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature". https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/kbe/a/arrow.html.