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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Aristotle wrote that ravens drove their young from their location and forced them to care for themselves from the time they left the nest. This is doubtful. Bird habits and characteristics change only with slow ages of evolution. Our ravens of today are, to all intents, the same birds as those of Palestine in the time of Moses, and ours follow the young afield for several days and feed them until the cawing, flapping youngsters appear larger than the parents. In Pliny's day, ravens had been taught to speak, and as an instance of their cunning he records that in time of drought a raven found a bucket containing a little water beside a grave and raised it to drinking level by dropping in stones.
Palestine has at least 8 different species of ravens. This bird was the first sent out by Noah in an effort to discover if the flood were abating (Genesis 8:6-8 ). Because it partially fed on carrion it was included among the abominations (see Leviticus 11:15; Deuteronomy 14:14 ). On 1 Kings 17:4-6 , see ELIJAH and the present writer's Birds of the Bible , 401-3. Among the marvels of creation and providence in Job 38:41 , we have this mention of the raven,
"Who provideth for the raven his prey,
When his young ones cry unto God,
And wander for lack of food?"
The answer to this question is in Psalm 147:9 :
"He giveth to the beast his food,
And to the young ravens which cry."
Both these quotations point out the fact that the young are peculiarly noisy. In Proverbs 30:17 it is indicated that the ravens, as well as eagles, vultures and hawks, found the eye of prey the vulnerable point, and so attacked it first. The Hebrew
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Raven'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/r/raven.html. 1915.