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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Bride, Bridechamber, Bridegroom

1: νύμφη

(Strong's #3565 — Noun Feminine — numphe — noom-fay' )

(Eng. "nymph") "a bride, or young wife," John 3:29; Revelation 18:23; 21:2,9; 22:17 , is probably connected with the Latin nubo, "to veil;" the "bride" was often adorned with embroidery and jewels (see Revelation 21:2 ), and was led veiled from her home to the "bridegroom." Hence the secondary meaning of "daughter-in-law," Matthew 10:35; Luke 12:53 . See DAUGHTER-IN-LAW. For the relationship between Christ and a local church, under this figure, see 2 Corinthians 11:2; regarding the whole church, Ephesians 5:23-32; Revelation 22:17 .

2: νυμφίος

(Strong's #3566 — Noun Masculine — numphios — noom-fee'-os )

"a bridegroom," occurs fourteen times in the Gospels, and in Revelation 18:23 . "The friend of the bridegroom," John 3:29 , is distinct from "the sons of the bride-chamber" who were numerous. When John the Baptist speaks of "the friend of the Bridegroom," he uses language according to the customs of the Jews.

3: νυμφών

(Strong's #3567 — Noun Masculine — numphon — noom-fohn' )

signifies (a) "the room or dining hall in which the marriage ceremonies were held," Matthew 22:10; some mss. have gamos, "a wedding," here; (b) "the chamber containing the bridal bed," "the sons of the bridechamber" being the friends of the bridegroom, who had the charge of providing what was necessary for the nuptials, Matthew 9:15; Mark 2:19; Luke 5:34 .

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Bride, Bridechamber, Bridegroom'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/b/bride-bridechamber-bridegroom.html. 1940.

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