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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Anathema. Anathema, which literally means a thing suspended, is the equivalent of the Hebrew word signifying a thing or person voted. Any object so devoted to Jehovah was irredeemable. If an inanimate object, it was to be given to the priests, Numbers 18:14, if a living creature or even a man, it was to be slain. Leviticus 27:28-29.
The word anathema frequently occurs in St. Paul's writings, and is generally translated accused. An examination of the passages in which it occurs shows that it had acquired a more general sense as expressive either of strong feeling, Romans 9:3, or of dislike and condemnation. 1 Corinthians 12:3; 1 Corinthians 16:22; Galatians 1:9.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Anathema'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/a/anathema.html. 1901.