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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
THRONE . The OT tr. [Note: translate or translation.] of Heb. kissÃ§ ’ or kissÃ§h . It is used of any seat of honour: e.g. of the high priest ( 1 Samuel 1:9; 1 Samuel 4:13; 1 Samuel 4:18 ), of a judge ( Psalms 94:20 ), of a military officer ( Jeremiah 1:15 ); but most frequently of a king ( e.g. Pharaoh Exodus 11:6 , David and Solomon 1 Kings 2:12 etc.), and thus of God Himself ( Psalms 9:7; Psalms 11:4; Psalms 45:6 , Isaiah 6:1 ). For a description of Solomon’s throne see 1Ki 10:18-20 , 2 Chronicles 9:17-19 . Frequently ‘throne’ is used metaphorically for dignity, royal honour , and power . Thus ‘the throne of David’ often stands for the royal honour of David’s house ( 2 Samuel 7:16 ). So God’s ‘throne’ is His sovereign power (cf. Psalms 45:6; Psalms 93:2 ).
The NT term thronos [once ( Acts 12:21 ) bÃ§ma , ‘judgment-seat.’ Is tr. [Note: translate or translation.] ‘throne’] is similarly used. It is applied in Revelation 20:4 to the thrones of the assessors of the heavenly judge (cf. Matthew 19:28 ||, Luke 22:30 ); but is most frequently used of the throne of God or Christ ( Matthew 5:34 ||, Matthew 19:28 ||, Luke 1:32 , Acts 2:30; Acts 7:49 , Hebrews 1:8; Hebrews 4:16; Hebrews 8:1; Hebrews 12:2 , Revelation 1:4; Revelation 3:21 etc.), For thrones’ as a rank of angels, see art. Dominion, and cf. Power.
W. F. Boyd.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Throne'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/t/throne.html. 1909.