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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
GALL . (1) rÃ´sh , some very bitter plant, Deuteronomy 29:18 , Lamentations 3:19; ‘water of gall,’ Jeremiah 8:14; Jeremiah 9:16; tr. [Note: translate or translation.] ‘hemlock,’ Hosea 10:4; ‘poison,’ Job 20:16 . Hemlock ( Conium maculatum ), colocynth ( Citrullus colocynthis ), and the poppy ( Papaver somniferum ) have all been suggested. The last is perhaps most probable. (2) merÃ§rah ( Job 16:16 ) and merÃ´rah ( Job 20:25 ) refer to the bile. The poison of serpents was supposed to lie in their bile ( Job 20:14 ). The gall (Gr. cholÃ§ ) of Matthew 27:34 evidently refers to the LXX [Note: Septuagint.] version of Psalms 69:21 , where cholÃ§ is tr. [Note: translate or translation.] of rÃ´sh .
E. W. G. Masterman.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Gall'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/g/gall.html. 1909.