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Holman Bible Dictionary
A flash of light resulting from a discharge of static electricity in the atmosphere. In the Old Testament, lightning is always associated with God. God is the Maker of lightning and thunder (Job 28:26
; Jeremiah 10:13
) which reveal God's power and majesty (Psalm 77:18
; Psalm 97:4
). Lightning and thunder frequently accompany a revelation of God (the giving of the law, Exodus 19:16
; Exodus 20:18
; Ezekiel's first vision, Ezekiel 1:13-14
). In poetic language God's voice is identified with the thunder (Job 37:3-5
). Lightning also appears as God's weapon in those passages in which God is portrayed as a warrior (arrows: 2 Samuel 22:15
; Psalm 18:14
; Psalm 77:17
; Psalm 144:6
; fire: Psalm 97:3
; Job 36:32
). The New Testament both continues Old Testament associations and adds new uses. The Book of Revelation develops the association with power and majesty (Job 4:5
; Job 11:19
) and with weapons/judgment (Job 8:5
; Job 16:18
). Lightning serves as an illustration for Christ's clearly visible coming (Matthew 24:26-27
) and of Satan's (sudden, catastrophic, visible?) fall (Luke 10:18
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Lightning'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/l/lightning.html. 1991.