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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
PATHROS or PATHRUSIM. A "district" (the Ρathyrite nome ) of Egypt near Thebes; named from a town called by the Egyptians Ηa-Ηather or with the article Ρha-Ηat-her , "the abode of Hather" the Egyptian Venus. Originally independent of Egypt, and ruled by its own kings, In the Mosaic genealogy the Pathros were the inhabitants of Upper Egypt; originally in the Bible view a colony of Mizraites from Lower Egypt (Genesis 10:13-14; 1 Chronicles 1:12). Isaiah (Isaiah 11:11) foretells Israel's return from Pathros (Jeremiah 44:1; Jeremiah 44:15; Ezekiel 29:14.) "Pathros the land of their birth" (margin Ezekiel 30:13-18). The Thebaid was the oldest part of Egypt in civilization and art, and was anciently called "Egypt" (Aristotle): Herod. 2:15. Tradition represented the people of Egypt as coming from Ethiopia, and the first dynasty as Thinite. "Ρa-t-res " in Egyptian means "the land of the South".
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Pathros'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/p/pathros.html. 1949.