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Bible Dictionaries

Fausset's Bible Dictionary


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1. 1 Chronicles 24:11. See as to his descendants JEDAIAH (Ezra 2:36).

2. 2 Chronicles 31:15.

3. Son of Jehozadak who went into captivity (1 Chronicles 6:15). First high priest of the third series, namely, that which succeeded the Babylonian captivity; ancestor of the 14 high priests down to Joshua (or Jason) and Onias (or Menelaus). Zerubbabel's contemporary. Came from Babylon in Cyrus' first year; took part in rebuilding the temple; first of all restored the altar and daily sacrifice, then in the second month of the second year of the return from Babylon laid the foundation of the temple (Ezra 3). Fourteen years' interruption to the work was caused by the Samaritans' influence upon Artaxerxes (pseudo-Smerdis). It was resumed in Darius Hystaspis' year by Jeshua and Zerubbabel, with Haggai's (Haggai 1:1; Haggai 1:12; Haggai 1:14; Haggai 2:1-9) and Zechariah's cooperation (Zechariah 1-8), and completed in his sixth year, on the 3rd of the month Adar.

At the dedication a sin-offering was offered "for all Israel, 12 he-goats, according to the number of the tribes" (Ezra 6:15-22), and they kept the Passover "seven days with joy, for the Lord had made them joyful, and turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of the God of Israel." Jeshua represents Jerusalem (and so the church) before Jehovah; accused by Satan, but justified by Jehovah, of His own will and choice, through Messiah his Advocate, who strips off his rags (compare Isaiah 64:6), and "clothes him with change of raiment (the filthy garments were worn by those on trial; the white robe or caftan is put on an Eastern minister of state when acquitted; compare Isaiah 61:10), and sets a fair (symbolizing purity) mitre (the priestly turban, the pledge of the reestablished priesthood) upon his head," in answer to Zechariah's prayer Zechariah 3:1-9). So the wedding garment, Christ's righteousness, imputed for justification, imparted for sanctification (Matthew 22:11).

The restoration of the glory of the priesthood was first at the completion of the second temple, fully in Jesus or Joshua, who represents Israel, "the kingdom of priests" (Exodus 19:6). Once clad in our vileness, yet He was the chosen of the Father (Isaiah 42:1; Isaiah 44:1; Isaiah 49:1-3). Ceasing from connection with sin by death, in garments of glory He has entered the heavenly holy place as our High-priest (Hebrews 8:1; Hebrews 9:24). So now (1 Peter 2:5) the "holy priesthood" is not restricted to one order; all Christians are priests unto God, arrayed in "the best robe" (Luke 15:22; Revelation 19:8). So the literal Israel hereafter (Isaiah 3:6; Isaiah 66:21). They of the captivity brought silver and gold, which were made into crowns and set upon Jeshua's head by Jehovah's command; symbolizing the combination of kingship and priesthood in Messiah, unknown to the Levitical priesthood, realized in Him of whom Melehizedek was type (Zechariah 6:9-13; Psalms 110:1-4; Hebrew 5-6).

"The counsel of peace shall be between both" the kingship and the priesthood. As priest He expiates sin, as king He extirpates it. It is the "counsel" of infinite wisdom (Isaiah 9:6; Ephesians 1:8-11; Hebrews 6:17) to reconcile God's justice as a king with His love as father and priest. Only by being pardoned by His priestly atonement and ruled by His kingly laws we find "peace;" (Luke 2:14; Acts 10:36; Ephesians 2:13-17).

4. Nehemiah 8:17.

5. Chief of a Levitical house that assisted Zerubbabel, and long subsequently Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezra 2:40; Ezra 3:9; Nehemiah 3:17-19; Nehemiah 8:7; Nehemiah 9:45; Nehemiah 12:8). "Jeshua" is used either for the whole family or its successive heads. Jeshua and Kadmiel were "sons (descendants) of Hodaviah," or Judah (Ezra 3:9; Ezra 2:40), but Jeshua's immediate ancestor was Azaniah (Nehemiah 10:9). In Nehemiah 12:24, the text is corrupt probably; "Jeshua and Kadmiel," or "and the sons of Kadmiel" may be conjectured:

6. Nehemiah 7:11; Nehemiah 10:14; Ezra 10:30.

7. A town reinhabited by the people of Judah on the return from Babylon (Nehemiah 11:26). On the line of retreat of the five kings who fought at Gibeon, midway between the lower Bethhoron and Shochoh, near Azekah, is the large village Yeshua, which probably commemorates Joshua's commanding the sun to stand still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon, a day without a parallel (Joshua 10:12-14).

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Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Jeshua'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. 1949.

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