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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 30

Overview

Job 30:1, Job’s honour is turned into extreme contempt; Job 30:15, and his prosperity into calamity.

Verse 1

they that are: Job 19:13-19, Job 29:8-10, 2 Kings 2:23, Isaiah 3:5

younger than I: Heb. of fewer days than I

whose: Psalms 35:15, Psalms 35:16, Psalms 69:12, Mark 14:65, Mark 15:17-20, Luke 23:14, Luke 23:18, Luke 23:35, Luke 23:39, Acts 17:5, Titus 1:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:9 - mocking Judges 11:3 - vain men Nehemiah 2:19 - they Job 12:4 - one mocked Job 19:9 - stripped Job 19:18 - Yea Psalms 42:4 - When Psalms 59:15 - wander Lamentations 1:7 - remembered Lamentations 3:14 - General Lamentations 5:14 - elders Ezekiel 36:3 - and are Philemon 1:11 - unprofitable Hebrews 2:8 - but

Verse 2

Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 12:1 - while Philemon 1:11 - unprofitable

Verse 3

solitary: or, dark as the night, Job 24:13-16

fleeing into: Job 24:5, Hebrews 11:38

in former time: Heb. yesternight

Reciprocal: Job 15:23 - wandereth Psalms 109:10 - General Jeremiah 48:6 - be like Jeremiah 49:3 - run Ezekiel 26:20 - in places Daniel 4:25 - drive Daniel 5:21 - he was driven

Verse 4

mallows: The Hebrew malluach, in Arabic, malluch, and in Syriac mallucho, is probably the Lalima or Lalimos of the Greeks, and halimus of the Romans, which Dioscorides describes as a kind of bramble, without thorns, the leaves of which are boiled and eaten.

juniper roots: The Hebrew rothem, in Arabic, ratim, and in Spanish, retama, most probably signifies the genista or broom, which is very abundant in the deserts of Arabia.

for their meat: 2 Kings 4:38, 2 Kings 4:39, Amos 7:14, Luke 15:16

Reciprocal: Job 15:23 - wandereth

Verse 5

driven: Genesis 4:12-14, Psalms 109:10, Daniel 4:25, Daniel 4:32, Daniel 4:33

Reciprocal: Exodus 22:2 - breaking Isaiah 2:10 - Enter

Verse 6

dwell: Judges 6:2, 1 Samuel 22:1, 1 Samuel 22:2, Isaiah 2:19, Revelation 6:15

caves: Heb. holes

Reciprocal: Isaiah 2:10 - Enter Isaiah 2:21 - go

Verse 7

brayed: Job 6:5, Job 11:12, Genesis 16:12

the nettles: Charul probably denotes some kind of briar or bramble, so Vulgate renders it by spina or sentis, (Proverbs 24:31. Zephaniah 2:9). Celsius and Scheuchzer are inclined to think it the paliurus, a shrub growing sometimes to a considerable height in desert places. "One of the inconveniences of the vegetable thickets of Egypt is," says Denon, "that it is difficult to remain in them, as nine tenths of the trees and plants are armed with inexorable thorns, which suffer only an unquiet enjoyment of the shadow which is so constantly desirable.

Reciprocal: Matthew 27:44 - General

Verse 8

children: 2 Kings 8:18, 2 Kings 8:27, 2 Chronicles 22:3, Psalms 49:10-13, Jeremiah 7:18, Mark 6:24

fools: Proverbs 1:7, Proverbs 1:22, Proverbs 16:22

base men: Heb. men of no name

viler: Job 40:4, Psalms 15:4, Isaiah 32:6

Reciprocal: Judges 9:4 - vain 1 Samuel 25:21 - Surely 2 Samuel 6:20 - vain fellows 2 Kings 2:23 - little children 2 Chronicles 13:7 - vain men Psalms 12:8 - men Psalms 69:12 - I was Nahum 3:6 - make Matthew 27:30 - General Mark 15:19 - they smote

Verse 9

am I: Job 17:6, Psalms 35:15, Psalms 35:16, Psalms 44:14, Psalms 69:12, Lamentations 3:14, Lamentations 3:63

Reciprocal: Judges 16:23 - to rejoice Judges 16:25 - sport 2 Kings 2:23 - mocked Psalms 22:7 - shoot out Psalms 34:19 - Many Lamentations 3:46 - have Matthew 26:67 - did Luke 22:63 - mocked

Verse 10

abhor me: Job 19:19, Job 42:6, Psalms 88:8, Zechariah 11:8

flee far: Job 19:13, Job 19:14, Psalms 88:8, Proverbs 19:7, Matthew 26:56

spare not to spit in my face: Heb. withhold not spittle from my face, Numbers 12:14, Deuteronomy 25:9, Isaiah 50:6, Matthew 26:67, Matthew 27:30

Reciprocal: Judges 16:23 - to rejoice Judges 16:25 - sport Proverbs 14:20 - poor Mark 10:34 - spit Mark 14:65 - General John 18:22 - struck

Verse 11

loosed: Job 12:18, Job 12:21, 2 Samuel 16:5-8

let loose: Psalms 35:21, Matthew 26:67, Matthew 26:68, Matthew 27:39-44, James 1:26

Verse 12

rise: Job 19:18, Isaiah 3:5

they raise up: Job 19:12

Verse 13

they set forward: Psalms 69:26, Zechariah 1:15

Verse 14

as a wide: Job 22:16, Psalms 18:4, Psalms 69:14, Psalms 69:15, Isaiah 8:7, Isaiah 8:8

Reciprocal: Genesis 43:18 - seek occasion against us 1 Chronicles 14:11 - like the breaking Psalms 88:17 - They

Verse 15

Terrors: Job 6:4, Job 7:14, Job 9:27, Job 9:28, Job 10:16, Psalms 88:15

soul: Heb. principal one

as a cloud: Isaiah 44:22, Hosea 6:4, Hosea 13:3

Reciprocal: Job 35:15 - in great Psalms 88:17 - They Nahum 1:8 - darkness

Verse 16

my soul: Psalms 22:14, Psalms 42:4, Isaiah 53:12

have taken hold: Psalms 40:12

Verse 17

My bones: Job 33:19-21, Psalms 6:2-6, Psalms 38:2-8

in the night season: Job 7:4, Psalms 22:2, Isaiah 38:13

Reciprocal: Job 2:7 - sore boils Job 13:28 - And he Psalms 32:3 - bones Lamentations 4:8 - visage

Verse 18

By the great: Job 2:7, Job 7:5, Job 19:20, Psalms 38:5, Isaiah 1:5, Isaiah 1:6

Reciprocal: Psalms 38:7 - my loins

Verse 19

cast me: Job 9:31, Psalms 69:1, Psalms 69:2, Jeremiah 38:6

dust: Job 2:8, Job 42:6, Genesis 18:27

Reciprocal: Job 7:5 - flesh Job 16:15 - defiled my horn Nahum 3:6 - I will cast

Verse 20

I cry: Job 19:7, Job 27:9, Psalms 22:2, Psalms 80:4, Psalms 80:5, Lamentations 3:8, Lamentations 3:44, Matthew 15:23

Reciprocal: Job 35:13 - regard

Verse 21

become cruel: Heb. turned to be cruel, Job 7:20, Job 7:21, Job 10:14-17, Job 13:25-28, Job 16:9-14, Job 19:6-9, Psalms 77:7-9, Jeremiah 30:14

thy strong hand: Heb. the strength of thy hand, Job 6:9, Job 23:6, Psalms 89:13, 1 Peter 5:6

Reciprocal: Job 13:24 - holdest me Job 33:10 - he counteth Job 40:2 - he that reproveth

Verse 22

liftest me: Job 21:18, Psalms 1:4, Isaiah 17:13, Jeremiah 4:11, Jeremiah 4:12, Ezekiel 5:2, Hosea 4:19, Hosea 13:3

to ride: Psalms 18:10, Psalms 104:3

substance: or, wisdom

Reciprocal: 2 Corinthians 5:1 - dissolved

Verse 23

the house: Job 14:5, Job 21:33, Genesis 3:19, 2 Samuel 14:14, Ecclesiastes 8:8, Ecclesiastes 9:5, Ecclesiastes 12:5-7, Hebrews 9:27

Reciprocal: Genesis 5:5 - and he died Genesis 23:4 - burying place Genesis 23:19 - General Genesis 47:29 - must die Genesis 49:33 - and yielded Genesis 50:5 - bury me Genesis 50:24 - I die Joshua 23:14 - I am going Joshua 24:33 - died 2 Samuel 12:23 - I shall go 1 Kings 2:2 - I go Job 3:14 - kings Job 3:19 - The small Job 14:12 - So man Job 17:13 - the grave Job 27:19 - shall lie Job 34:15 - General Psalms 49:14 - they Psalms 89:48 - What Ecclesiastes 6:6 - do Isaiah 14:18 - house

Verse 24

grave: Heb. heap

they cry: Judges 5:31, Psalms 35:25, Matthew 27:39-44

Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 3:20 - go

Verse 25

Did not I: Psalms 35:13, Psalms 35:14, Jeremiah 13:17, Jeremiah 18:20, Luke 19:41, John 11:35, Romans 12:15

in trouble: Heb. hard of day

was: Job 31:16-21, Psalms 12:1, Proverbs 14:21, Proverbs 14:31, Proverbs 17:5, Proverbs 19:17, Proverbs 28:8, Isaiah 58:7, Isaiah 58:8, Daniel 4:27, 2 Corinthians 9:9

Verse 26

When I looked: Job 3:25, Job 3:26, Job 29:18, Jeremiah 8:15, Jeremiah 14:19, Jeremiah 15:18, Micah 1:12

light: Job 18:6, Job 18:18, Job 23:17, Psalms 97:11, Isaiah 50:10

Reciprocal: Job 3:9 - look for light Psalms 30:7 - thou Psalms 42:9 - why go Isaiah 59:9 - we wait Lamentations 3:2 - brought

Verse 27

Psalms 22:4, Jeremiah 4:19, Jeremiah 31:20, Lamentations 1:20, Lamentations 2:11

Verse 28

Psalms 38:6, Psalms 42:9, Psalms 43:2, Isaiah 53:3, Isaiah 53:4, Lamentations 3:1-3

Reciprocal: Psalms 38:8 - roared Isaiah 59:11 - mourn

Verse 29

a brother: Job 17:14, Psalms 102:6, Isaiah 13:21, Isaiah 13:22, Isaiah 38:14, Micah 1:8, Malachi 1:3

owls: or, ostriches, Benoth yaanah, in Arabic, bintu naamatin, not owls, but ostriches, so called from their doleful and hideous noises. "I have often," says Dr. Shaw, "heard them groan as if they were in the greatest agonies.

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 14:15 - General Job 13:28 - And he Job 39:13 - wings and feathers unto the Proverbs 18:9 - is brother Isaiah 59:11 - mourn

Verse 30

my skin: Psalms 119:83, Lamentations 3:4, Lamentations 4:8, Lamentations 5:10

my bones: Psalms 102:3

Reciprocal: Job 2:7 - sore boils Job 13:28 - And he Job 19:20 - bone Psalms 32:3 - bones Psalms 32:4 - moisture Psalms 39:11 - his beauty Psalms 102:6 - like Song of Solomon 1:6 - because Lamentations 1:13 - above

Verse 31

Psalms 137:1-4, Ecclesiastes 3:4, Isaiah 21:4, Isaiah 22:12, Isaiah 24:7-9, Lamentations 5:15, Daniel 6:18

Reciprocal: Psalms 150:4 - organs Lamentations 5:14 - the young James 4:9 - let

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 30". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-30.html.