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Bible Commentaries
Jeremiah 39

Treasury of Scripture KnowledgeTreasury of Scripture Knowledge

Introduction

Overview

Jeremiah 39:1, Jerusalem is taken; Jeremiah 39:4, Zedekiah is made blind and sent to Babylon; Jeremiah 39:8, The city laid in ruins, Jeremiah 39:9, and the people captivated; Jeremiah 39:11, Nebuchadrezzar’s charge for the good usage of Jeremiah; Jeremiah 39:15, God’s promise to Ebed-melech.

Verse 1

am 3414, bc 590

the ninth: Jeremiah 52:4-7, 2 Kings 25:1, 2 Kings 25:2-7, Ezekiel 24:1, Ezekiel 24:2, Zechariah 8:19

the tenth: This was the month Tebeth - Esther 2:16, which began with the first moon of January; and it was on the 10th of this month that Nebuchadnezzar invested the city.

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:52 - General 1 Kings 8:37 - in the land famine 2 Chronicles 36:17 - the king Ezra 2:1 - whom Nebuchadnezzar Ezra 5:12 - into the hand Nehemiah 7:6 - whom Nebuchadnezzar Nehemiah 9:32 - on our kings Psalms 80:13 - The boar Isaiah 22:7 - full Jeremiah 1:12 - I will Jeremiah 4:16 - watchers Jeremiah 6:3 - they shall Jeremiah 21:1 - The word Jeremiah 21:2 - for Jeremiah 32:1 - in the Jeremiah 34:1 - when Jeremiah 34:22 - shall fight Jeremiah 42:18 - As mine Jeremiah 44:2 - Ye have Jeremiah 50:17 - this Jeremiah 51:34 - the king Lamentations 1:14 - delivered Ezekiel 4:2 - lay Ezekiel 36:3 - they have made Ezekiel 40:1 - after

Verse 2

am 3416, bc 588

the fourth: This was the month Tammuz, which commences with the first moon of July: the siege had lasted just eighteen months. 2 Kings 25:3

was: Jeremiah 5:10, Jeremiah 52:6, Jeremiah 52:7, 2 Kings 25:4, Ezekiel 33:21, Micah 2:12, Micah 2:13, Zephaniah 1:10

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 20:5 - I will deliver Jeremiah 21:2 - for Jeremiah 24:8 - So will Jeremiah 32:1 - in the Jeremiah 34:22 - shall fight Jeremiah 37:8 - General Jeremiah 41:1 - the seventh month Lamentations 2:9 - gates Ezekiel 4:2 - lay Ezekiel 12:5 - Dig thou Ezekiel 26:1 - General Zechariah 8:19 - the fourth

Verse 3

all the: Jeremiah 1:15, Jeremiah 21:4, Jeremiah 38:17

Nergalsharezer: Jeremiah 39:13, 2 Kings 17:30

Sarsechim: These were the principal commanders; but Dr. Blayney thinks that, instead of six persons, we have in reality but three, as the name that follows each is the title of the office. Thus Nergal-Sharezer, who was Samgar-nebo, or keeper, i.e., priest of Nebo; Sarsechim, who was Rab-saris, or chief eunuch; and Nergal-sharezer, who was Rab-mag, or chief magi; as the words mog in Persian, magoos in Arabic, magooshai in Syriac, and לבדןע [Strong's G3097], in Greek, signify; and we learn from Justin and Curtius that the magi attended the king in war.

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 25:4 - the city Jeremiah 12:10 - pastors Jeremiah 38:18 - then Daniel 2:49 - sat

Verse 4

when: Jeremiah 38:18-20, Leviticus 26:17, Leviticus 26:36, Deuteronomy 28:25, Deuteronomy 32:24-30, 2 Kings 25:4-7, Isaiah 30:15, Isaiah 30:16, Ezekiel 12:12, Amos 2:14

betwixt: Jeremiah 52:7-11, 2 Chronicles 32:5

Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 2:5 - me Isaiah 22:3 - thy rulers Isaiah 24:10 - city Isaiah 29:2 - I will Jeremiah 4:9 - that the heart Jeremiah 4:29 - shall flee Jeremiah 21:7 - I will Jeremiah 32:4 - General Jeremiah 34:3 - And thou Jeremiah 40:7 - all the Lamentations 4:18 - hunt Ezekiel 12:4 - at even

Verse 5

Chaldeans': Jeremiah 32:4, Jeremiah 32:5, Jeremiah 38:18, Jeremiah 38:23, 2 Chronicles 33:11, Lamentations 1:3, Lamentations 4:20

in the plains: Jeremiah 52:8, Joshua 4:13, Joshua 5:10

Riblah: Jeremiah 52:9, Jeremiah 52:26, Jeremiah 52:27, 2 Kings 23:33, 2 Kings 25:6

Hamath: Numbers 13:21, Joshua 13:5, Judges 3:3, 2 Samuel 8:9, 2 Kings 17:24

gave judgment upon him: Heb. spake with him judgments, Jeremiah 4:12, Ezekiel 17:15-21

Reciprocal: Numbers 34:8 - the entrance Numbers 34:11 - Riblah Deuteronomy 28:36 - bring thee 2 Kings 19:13 - the king 2 Kings 25:5 - and overtook Isaiah 29:2 - I will Jeremiah 4:9 - that the heart Jeremiah 34:3 - And thou Jeremiah 44:30 - as I Lamentations 4:18 - hunt Ezekiel 17:20 - I will spread Ezekiel 23:24 - I will set Habakkuk 1:7 - their judgment

Verse 6

slew the: Jeremiah 52:10, 2 Kings 25:7

before: Genesis 21:16, Genesis 44:34, Deuteronomy 28:34, 2 Kings 22:20, 2 Chronicles 34:28, Esther 8:6, Isaiah 13:16

slew all: Jeremiah 21:7, Jeremiah 24:8-10, Jeremiah 34:19-21

Reciprocal: Numbers 34:11 - Riblah 2 Kings 23:33 - Riblah Jeremiah 20:4 - thine Jeremiah 34:3 - and thine Jeremiah 34:21 - Zedekiah Jeremiah 37:17 - thou shalt Jeremiah 38:23 - they shall Jeremiah 41:10 - even Lamentations 5:12 - General Ezekiel 11:9 - and deliver Ezekiel 11:10 - fall Ezekiel 21:26 - Remove Ezekiel 23:24 - I will set Ezekiel 24:5 - the choice Ezekiel 34:10 - and cause Zephaniah 1:8 - the princes

Verse 7

he put: Jeremiah 32:4, Jeremiah 32:5, Jeremiah 52:11, 2 Kings 25:7, Ezekiel 12:13

chains: Heb. two brasen chains, or fetters, Judges 16:21, Psalms 107:10, Psalms 107:11, Psalms 119:8

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 11:2 - thrust Isaiah 28:22 - lest Isaiah 39:7 - of thy sons Jeremiah 20:4 - thine Jeremiah 34:3 - and thine Jeremiah 37:17 - thou shalt Jeremiah 52:10 - slew Lamentations 5:12 - General Ezekiel 17:16 - even Ezekiel 21:26 - Remove Zephaniah 1:8 - the princes

Verse 8

burned: Jeremiah 7:20, Jeremiah 9:10-12, Jeremiah 17:27, Jeremiah 21:10, Jeremiah 34:2, Jeremiah 34:22, Jeremiah 37:10, Jeremiah 38:18, Jeremiah 52:13, 2 Kings 25:9, 2 Chronicles 36:19, Isaiah 5:9, Lamentations 1:10, Lamentations 2:2, Lamentations 2:7, Amos 2:5, Micah 3:12

and brake: Jeremiah 52:14, 2 Kings 25:10, Nehemiah 1:3

Reciprocal: Nehemiah 3:25 - the king's Psalms 79:1 - have laid Isaiah 24:10 - city Isaiah 32:13 - General Jeremiah 5:10 - ye up Jeremiah 20:5 - I will deliver Jeremiah 22:5 - that Jeremiah 32:29 - and set Lamentations 2:9 - gates Ezekiel 16:41 - burn Ezekiel 23:47 - and burn Ezekiel 24:11 - set it

Verse 9

Nebuzaradan: Jeremiah 39:13, Jeremiah 40:1, Jeremiah 52:12-16, Jeremiah 52:26, 2 Kings 25:11, 2 Kings 25:20

captain of the guard: or, chief marshal, Heb. chief of the executioners, or slaughter-men, and so, Jeremiah 39:10, Jeremiah 39:11-14, Genesis 37:36

carried: Jeremiah 10:18, Jeremiah 16:13, Jeremiah 20:4-6, Jeremiah 52:28-30, Leviticus 26:33, Deuteronomy 4:27, 2 Kings 20:18, Isaiah 5:13

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 25:8 - Nebuzaradan 1 Chronicles 6:15 - when the Lord 1 Chronicles 9:1 - carried Jeremiah 13:19 - Judah Jeremiah 52:13 - the king's Jeremiah 52:16 - certain Jeremiah 52:29 - the eighteenth Lamentations 1:3 - gone Lamentations 1:5 - her children Daniel 2:14 - captain of the king's guard Matthew 1:11 - about

Verse 10

left of: Jeremiah 40:7, 2 Kings 25:12, Ezekiel 33:24

at the same time: Heb. in that day

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:14 - the poorest sort Proverbs 13:8 - the poor Isaiah 7:21 - a man Jeremiah 39:9 - captain of the guard Jeremiah 40:10 - gather Jeremiah 43:6 - every Jeremiah 52:16 - certain Jeremiah 52:27 - Thus Ezekiel 5:3 - a few

Verse 11

Now: Nebuchadnezzar must have frequently heard of Jeremiah's predictions, many of which were now fulfilled, which would dispose him to respect his character and treat him with kindness.

gave: Jeremiah 15:11, Jeremiah 15:21, Job 5:19, Acts 24:23

to: Heb. by the hand of, Jeremiah 37:2, *marg.

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 39:9 - captain of the guard Jeremiah 40:1 - after

Verse 12

look well to him: Heb. set thine eyes upon him, Jeremiah 24:6, Jeremiah 40:4, *marg. Proverbs 23:5, Amos 9:4, 1 Peter 3:12

do him: Psalms 105:14, Psalms 105:15, Proverbs 16:7, Proverbs 21:1, Acts 7:10, 1 Peter 3:13

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 15:11 - verily I

Verse 13

Nebuzaradan: Jeremiah 39:3, Jeremiah 39:9

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 32:2 - Jeremiah

Verse 14

took: Jeremiah 39:15, Jeremiah 37:21, Jeremiah 38:13, Jeremiah 38:28, Jeremiah 40:1-4, Psalms 105:19

committed: Jeremiah 40:5-16, Jeremiah 41:1-3, 2 Kings 25:22-25

Ahikam: Jeremiah 26:24

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:9 - Shaphan 2 Chronicles 34:8 - sent Shaphan Jeremiah 29:3 - Shaphan Jeremiah 40:6 - Then

Verse 15

while: Jeremiah 39:14, Jeremiah 32:1, Jeremiah 32:2, Jeremiah 36:1-5, Jeremiah 37:21, 2 Timothy 2:9

Reciprocal: Nehemiah 3:25 - by the court Hebrews 11:36 - bonds

Verse 16

Ebedmelech: Jeremiah 38:7-13

Behold: Jeremiah 5:14, Jeremiah 19:11, Jeremiah 19:12, Jeremiah 21:7-10, Jeremiah 24:8-10, Jeremiah 26:15, Jeremiah 26:18, Jeremiah 26:20, Jeremiah 32:28, Jeremiah 32:29, Jeremiah 34:2, Jeremiah 34:3, Jeremiah 34:22, Jeremiah 35:17, Jeremiah 36:31, Jeremiah 44:28, Jeremiah 44:29, Joshua 23:14, Joshua 23:15, 2 Chronicles 36:21, Daniel 9:12, Zechariah 1:6, Matthew 24:35

before thee: Psalms 91:8, Psalms 91:9, Psalms 92:11

Reciprocal: Isaiah 56:3 - neither Luke 10:33 - Samaritan Acts 8:27 - a man

Verse 17

I will: Jeremiah 1:19, Job 5:19-21, Psalms 41:1, Psalms 41:2, Psalms 50:15, Psalms 91:14, Psalms 91:15, Daniel 6:16, Matthew 10:40-42, Matthew 25:40, 2 Timothy 1:16-18

of whom: Jeremiah 38:1, Jeremiah 38:9, Genesis 15:1, 2 Samuel 24:14

Reciprocal: Isaiah 56:3 - neither

Verse 18

but: Jeremiah 21:9, Jeremiah 38:2, Jeremiah 45:4, Jeremiah 45:5

because: Jeremiah 17:7, Jeremiah 17:8, Romans 2:12, 1 Chronicles 5:20, Psalms 2:12, Psalms 33:18, Psalms 34:22, Psalms 37:3, Psalms 37:39, Psalms 37:40, Psalms 84:12, Psalms 146:3-6, Psalms 147:11, Isaiah 26:3, Ephesians 1:12, 1 Peter 1:21

Reciprocal: Zephaniah 2:3 - hid

Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 39". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-39.html.
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