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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 45

Overview

Genesis 45:1, Joseph makes himself known to his brethren; Genesis 45:5, He comforts them in God’s providence; Genesis 45:9, He sends for his father; Genesis 45:16, Pharaoh confirms it; Genesis 45:21, Joseph furnishes then for their journey, and exhorts them to concord; Genesis 45:25, Jacob is revived with the news.

Verse 1

could not: Genesis 43:30, Genesis 43:31, Isaiah 42:14, Jeremiah 20:9

Cause: 2 Samuel 1:20, Matthew 18:15, Acts 10:41, 1 Corinthians 13:5

Reciprocal: Judges 3:19 - And all that 2 Samuel 13:9 - And Amnon Esther 5:10 - refrained Jeremiah 31:16 - Refrain John 11:6 - he abode John 11:33 - was troubled Acts 7:13 - Joseph

Verse 2

wept aloud: Heb. gave forth his voice in weeping, "This," says Sir J. Chardin, "is exactly the genius of the people of Asia; their sentiments of joy or grief are properly transports, and their transports are ungoverned, excessive, and truly outrageous. When anyone returns from a long journey or dies, his family burst into cries that may be heard twenty doors off; and this is renewed at different times, and continues many days, according to the vigour of the passion. Sometimes they cease all at once, and then begin as suddenly, with a greater shrillness and loudness than one could easily imagine." Numbers 14:1, Ruth 1:9, 2 Kings 20:3, Acts 20:37

Reciprocal: Genesis 29:11 - kissed Genesis 33:4 - embraced Genesis 45:15 - Moreover 2 Kings 8:11 - wept

Verse 3

I am Joseph: Matthew 14:27, Acts 7:13, Acts 9:5

for they: Job 4:5, Job 23:15, Zechariah 12:10, Matthew 14:26, Mark 6:50, Luke 5:8, Luke 24:37, Luke 24:38, Revelation 1:7

troubled: or, terrified

Reciprocal: Genesis 50:18 - fell Exodus 4:18 - and see Exodus 34:31 - and Moses talked

Verse 4

I am Joseph: Genesis 37:28, Genesis 50:18, Matthew 14:27, Acts 9:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 39:1 - Joseph Genesis 50:17 - wept Judges 11:7 - Did not ye hate Esther 4:14 - whether Psalms 105:17 - Joseph Proverbs 19:21 - nevertheless Acts 7:9 - sold Acts 9:17 - Brother

Verse 5

be not grieved: Isaiah 40:1, Isaiah 40:2, Luke 23:34, 2 Corinthians 2:7, 2 Corinthians 2:11

nor angry with yourselves: Heb. neither let there be anger in your eyes

God: Genesis 45:7, Genesis 45:8, Genesis 47:25, Genesis 50:20, 1 Samuel 1:19, 2 Samuel 12:12, 2 Samuel 16:10-12, 2 Samuel 17:14, Job 1:21, Psalms 105:16, Psalms 105:17, Acts 2:23, Acts 2:24, Acts 4:24-28, Acts 7:9-15

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:28 - sold Genesis 49:24 - the shepherd Genesis 50:17 - wept Genesis 50:19 - fear not Judges 11:7 - Did not ye hate 2 Samuel 24:1 - moved Proverbs 28:2 - but Acts 7:11 - General Philemon 1:15 - General

Verse 6

two years: Genesis 41:29-31, Genesis 41:54, Genesis 41:56, Genesis 47:18

earing: Earing means ploughing or seed-time from the Anglo-Saxon erian, probably from aro, to plough; and agrees with בסןש [Strong's G723], Greek, charatha, Arabic, and charash, Hebrew. Genesis 47:23, Exodus 34:21, Deuteronomy 21:4, 1 Samuel 8:12, Isaiah 30:24

Reciprocal: Genesis 8:22 - seedtime Genesis 41:35 - gather Genesis 47:25 - Thou hast Acts 7:11 - General

Verse 7

to preserve you a posterity: Heb. to put for you a remnant, to save. Judges 15:18, 1 Chronicles 11:14, Psalms 18:50, Psalms 44:4, Acts 7:35

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:35 - gather Genesis 45:5 - God Genesis 49:24 - the shepherd Deuteronomy 26:5 - ready Job 5:20 - famine Psalms 105:17 - He sent John 19:11 - Thou

Verse 8

it was not: Genesis 45:5, John 15:16, John 19:11, Romans 9:16

father: Genesis 41:39-48, Judges 17:10, Job 29:16, Psalms 105:21, Psalms 105:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 36:43 - father Genesis 41:40 - Thou shalt Genesis 41:43 - Bow the knee Genesis 42:6 - governor Genesis 43:29 - God Genesis 45:26 - and he is Genesis 50:17 - wept Psalms 105:17 - He sent Proverbs 11:11 - the blessing Isaiah 22:21 - a father John 19:27 - Behold Acts 7:10 - gave

Verse 9

Thus saith: Genesis 45:26-28

come: Genesis 45:13, Genesis 45:19, Genesis 45:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:56 - Hinder Genesis 37:9 - the sun Genesis 41:40 - Thou shalt Genesis 42:2 - get you Deuteronomy 33:16 - and upon the top Psalms 105:23 - Israel Isaiah 22:23 - a glorious Acts 7:10 - gave Acts 7:14 - sent

Verse 10

in the land: Genesis 46:29, Genesis 46:34, Genesis 47:1-6, Exodus 8:22, Exodus 9:26

Goshen: Goshen was the most eastern district of Lower Egypt, and the frontier of that country and Arabia, not far from the Arabian gulf, and lying next to Canaan; for Jacob went directly thither when he came into Egypt, from which it was about eighty miles distant, though Hebron was distant from the Egyptian capital about three hundred miles.

be near: John 14:2, John 14:3, John 17:24

Reciprocal: Genesis 46:28 - Goshen Genesis 46:32 - and they Genesis 50:21 - I will nourish 1 Timothy 5:4 - to requite

Verse 11

Genesis 47:6, Genesis 47:12, Matthew 15:5, Matthew 15:6, Mark 7:9-12, 1 Timothy 5:4

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:54 - the seven Genesis 49:24 - the shepherd Genesis 50:21 - I will nourish Deuteronomy 26:5 - ready Ruth 4:15 - a nourisher Psalms 107:39 - they are Acts 7:11 - General

Verse 12

your eyes: Genesis 42:23, Luke 24:39, John 20:27

my mouth: Not as Genesis 42:23

Reciprocal: John 20:16 - She

Verse 13

my glory: John 17:24, 1 Peter 1:10-12, Revelation 21:23

bring: Acts 7:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:1 - glory Genesis 45:9 - come Job 29:20 - glory

Verse 14

Genesis 29:11, Genesis 33:4, Genesis 46:29, Romans 1:31

Reciprocal: Luke 15:20 - and fell Acts 20:37 - fell

Verse 15

Moreover: Genesis 45:2, Genesis 29:11, Genesis 29:13, Genesis 33:4, Exodus 4:27, Ruth 1:9, Ruth 1:14, 1 Samuel 10:1, 1 Samuel 20:41, 2 Samuel 14:33, Luke 15:20, Acts 20:37

talked: Psalms 77:4

Reciprocal: Genesis 48:10 - kissed Exodus 18:7 - kissed Exodus 34:31 - and Moses talked 2 Samuel 19:39 - kissed Barzillai Song of Solomon 1:2 - him

Verse 16

it pleased Pharaoh well: Heb. was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, Genesis 16:6, Genesis 20:15, Genesis 34:18, Genesis 41:33, Deuteronomy 1:33, 2 Samuel 3:36, 2 Chronicles 30:4, Esther 1:21, Esther 2:4, Esther 5:14, Acts 6:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 46:31 - General Genesis 47:1 - Joseph

Verse 17

lade your: Genesis 42:25, Genesis 42:26, Genesis 44:1, Genesis 44:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 45:23 - laden with Deuteronomy 23:7 - because thou

Verse 18

the fat: Genesis 27:28, Genesis 47:6, Numbers 18:12, Numbers 18:29, Deuteronomy 32:14, Psalms 81:16, Psalms 147:14, Isaiah 28:1, Isaiah 28:4

Reciprocal: Genesis 45:20 - the good Deuteronomy 23:7 - because thou

Verse 19

commanded: Isaiah 49:1, Isaiah 49:23

wagons: Genesis 45:27, Genesis 46:5

for your: Genesis 31:17, Genesis 31:18

Reciprocal: Genesis 43:8 - also our Genesis 45:9 - come Genesis 45:21 - wagons Genesis 46:29 - his chariot

Verse 20

regard not: Heb. let not your eye spare, etc. Deuteronomy 7:16, Deuteronomy 19:13, Deuteronomy 19:21, Isaiah 13:18, Ezekiel 7:4, Ezekiel 7:9, Ezekiel 9:5, Ezekiel 20:17

stuff: Exodus 22:7, Joshua 7:11, 1 Samuel 10:22, 1 Samuel 25:13, 1 Samuel 30:24, Ezekiel 12:3, Ezekiel 12:4, Matthew 24:17, Luke 17:31

the good: Genesis 45:18, Genesis 20:15, Ezra 9:12, Isaiah 1:19

Reciprocal: Genesis 45:9 - come Mark 10:29 - There

Verse 21

wagons: Genesis 45:19, Genesis 45:27, Genesis 46:5, Numbers 7:3-9, Ezekiel 23:24

commandment: Heb. mouth, Genesis 45:19, Exodus 17:1, Numbers 3:16, 2 Chronicles 8:13, 2 Chronicles 35:16, Ecclesiastes 8:2, Lamentations 1:18

Reciprocal: Genesis 42:25 - to give them Genesis 46:29 - his chariot

Verse 22

To all: It is a common custom with all the Asiatic sovereigns to give both garments and money to ambassadors and persons of distinction, whom they particularly wish to honour. De la Motraye says, "that they then clothed them - the ambassadors with caffetans - long vests of gold or silver brocade with large silk flowers."

each: Judges 14:12, Judges 14:19, 2 Kings 5:5, 2 Kings 5:22, 2 Kings 5:23, Revelation 6:11

to Benjamin: Genesis 43:34

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 1:5 - a worthy portion Proverbs 31:21 - scarlet

Verse 23

laden with: Heb. carrying, Genesis 45:17

good things: Genesis 24:10, Genesis 43:11, Exodus 16:3

meat: As mazon is derived from zoon, to prepare, provide, Dr. A. Clarke thinks it may mean here prepared meat; some made-up dish, delicacies, confectionaries, etc. In Asiatic countries they have several curious methods of preserving flesh by potting, by which it may be kept, for any length of time, sweet and wholesome. Some delicacy, similar to the savoury meat which Isaac loved, may here be intended; sent to Jacob in consideration of his age, and to testify the respect of his son; for of other kinds of meat he could have no need, as he had large flocks and herds, and could kill a lamb, kid, etc. when he pleased.

Reciprocal: Genesis 42:19 - carry corn

Verse 24

See that: Genesis 37:22, Genesis 42:21, Genesis 42:22, Psalms 133:1-3, John 13:34, John 13:35, Ephesians 4:31, Ephesians 4:32, Philippians 2:2-5, Colossians 3:12, Colossians 3:13, 1 Thessalonians 5:13

Reciprocal: Genesis 13:8 - brethren Genesis 24:54 - Send me 1 Kings 11:21 - Let me depart Acts 7:26 - ye are 1 Corinthians 6:6 - brother 2 Corinthians 13:11 - live Philippians 4:2 - that 1 Thessalonians 5:15 - See

Verse 26

Joseph: Luke 24:34

and he is: Genesis 45:8, Genesis 45:9, Psalms 105:21

And Jacob's: Heb. And his, Genesis 37:35, Genesis 42:36, Genesis 42:38, Genesis 44:28, Jonah 2:7

he believed: Job 9:16, Job 29:24, Psalms 126:1, Luke 24:11, Luke 24:41

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:40 - Thou shalt Genesis 41:43 - ruler Genesis 42:6 - governor Genesis 42:13 - one is not Genesis 48:11 - I had not Acts 9:41 - widows Acts 12:9 - wist not

Verse 27

the spirit: Judges 15:19, 1 Samuel 30:12, Psalms 85:6, Isaiah 57:15, Hosea 6:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 45:19 - wagons Genesis 45:21 - wagons Genesis 46:5 - in the wagons Philippians 2:28 - ye see

Verse 28

It is enough: Genesis 46:30, Luke 2:28-30, John 16:21, John 16:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:35 - For I Genesis 42:36 - all these things are against me Genesis 46:19 - Joseph Psalms 30:11 - turned Luke 15:24 - he Philippians 2:28 - ye see 1 Thessalonians 2:17 - endeavoured

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 45". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/genesis-45.html.