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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Deuteronomy 16

Overview

Deuteronomy 16:1, The feast of the passover, Deuteronomy 16:9, of weeks, Deuteronomy 16:13, of tabernacles; Deuteronomy 16:16, Every male must offer, as he is able, at these three feasts; Deuteronomy 16:18, Of judges and justice; Deuteronomy 16:21, Groves and images are forbidden.

Verse 1

the month: Exodus 12:2-20, Exodus 34:18, Leviticus 23:5, Numbers 9:2-5, Numbers 28:16

the passover: This word comes from the Hebrew verb pasach, to pass, to leap or skip over. The destroying angel passed over the houses marked with the blood of the Paschal Lamb, so the wrath of God passes over those whose souls sprinkled with the blood of Christ. 1 Corinthians 5:7. As the paschal lamb was killed before Israel was delivered, so by the death of Christ, we have redemption through his blood. It was killed before the tables of the law were delivered to Moses, or Aaron's sacrifices were enjoined; thus deliverance comes to men, not by the works of the law, but by the only true passover, the Lamb of God. Romans 3:25. Hebrews 9:14. It was killed the first month of the year, which prefigured that Christ should suffer death in that month. John 18:28. it was killed in the evening. Exodus 12:6. Christ suffered at that time of the day. Matthew 27:46. Hebrews 1:2. At even the sun sets; at Christ's passion, universal darkness was upon the whole earth. The passover was roasted with fire, denoting the sharp and dreadful pains that Christ should suffer, not only from men, but God also. It was to be eaten with bitter herbs, Exodus 12:8,not only to put them in remembrance of their bitter bondage in Egypt, but also to testify our mortification to sin, and readiness to undergo afflictions for Christ, Colossians 1:24,and likewise to teach us the absolute necessity of true repentance in all that would profitably feed by faith on Christ, the true paschal lamb.

for in: Exodus 12:29-42, Exodus 13:4, Exodus 23:15, Exodus 34:18

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:14 - by an ordinance Exodus 12:42 - a night to be much observed Numbers 15:3 - in your Joshua 3:15 - all the time Judges 21:19 - a feast 2 Kings 23:21 - as it is written 2 Chronicles 31:3 - for the new moons 2 Chronicles 35:1 - the fourteenth Psalms 114:1 - Israel Isaiah 1:13 - the new Ezekiel 45:21 - ye shall Ezekiel 46:11 - in the feasts Matthew 26:17 - the first Mark 14:1 - the passover Mark 14:12 - the first Luke 2:41 - went John 2:13 - passover John 6:4 - General Acts 18:21 - I must Colossians 2:16 - of an

Verse 2

sacrifice: Exodus 12:5-7, Numbers 28:16-19, 2 Chronicles 35:7, Matthew 26:2, Matthew 26:17, Mark 14:12, Luke 22:8, Luke 22:15, 1 Corinthians 5:7

in the place which: Deuteronomy 12:5, Deuteronomy 12:11, Deuteronomy 12:14, Deuteronomy 12:18, Deuteronomy 12:26, Deuteronomy 15:20

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:11 - it is the Exodus 12:27 - It is the sacrifice Numbers 9:2 - his appointed Numbers 9:7 - we may not offer Deuteronomy 16:5 - sacrifice Deuteronomy 16:7 - in the place Deuteronomy 18:6 - unto the place Joshua 9:27 - in the place 1 Kings 8:29 - My name 1 Kings 12:27 - go up 2 Chronicles 30:1 - to the house Ezra 6:12 - caused John 18:28 - eat

Verse 3

eat no: Exodus 12:15, Exodus 12:19, Exodus 12:20, Exodus 12:39, Exodus 13:3-7, Exodus 34:18, Leviticus 23:6, Numbers 9:11, Numbers 28:17, 1 Corinthians 5:8

the bread: 1 Kings 22:27, Psalms 102:9, Psalms 127:2, Zechariah 12:10, 2 Corinthians 7:10, 2 Corinthians 7:11, 1 Thessalonians 1:6

for thou camest: Exodus 12:32, Exodus 12:33, Exodus 12:39

mayest: Exodus 12:14, Exodus 12:26, Exodus 12:27, Exodus 13:7-9, Psalms 111:4, Luke 22:19, 1 Corinthians 11:24-26

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:8 - unleavened Exodus 13:10 - General Exodus 34:25 - leaven Leviticus 11:3 - cheweth 2 Chronicles 35:17 - the feast Isaiah 30:20 - the bread Micah 6:5 - remember

Verse 4

there shall: Exodus 12:15, Exodus 13:7, Exodus 34:25

neither: Exodus 12:10

Reciprocal: Exodus 13:10 - General Exodus 23:18 - blood 2 Chronicles 35:17 - the feast

Verse 5

sacrifice: or, kill, Deuteronomy 16:2, Deuteronomy 12:5, Deuteronomy 12:6

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:10 - General Exodus 12:15 - Seven Exodus 12:25 - when Exodus 12:27 - It is the sacrifice Exodus 20:24 - in all places

Verse 6

at even: Exodus 12:6-9, Numbers 9:3, Numbers 9:11, Matthew 26:20, Hebrews 1:2, Hebrews 1:3, Hebrews 9:26, 1 Peter 1:19, 1 Peter 1:20

Reciprocal: Exodus 20:24 - in all places Deuteronomy 12:21 - to put Deuteronomy 16:7 - in the place Joshua 9:27 - in the place 1 Kings 8:29 - My name 1 Kings 12:27 - go up Isaiah 30:29 - in the night Luke 22:14 - General

Verse 7

roast: Exodus 12:8, Exodus 12:9, 2 Chronicles 35:13, Psalms 22:14, Psalms 22:15

in the place: Deuteronomy 16:2, Deuteronomy 16:6, 2 Kings 23:23, John 2:13, John 2:23, John 11:55

Reciprocal: Luke 22:14 - General

Verse 8

Six days: Exodus 12:15, Exodus 12:16, Exodus 13:7, Exodus 13:8, Leviticus 23:6-8, Numbers 28:17-19

solemn assembly: Heb. restraint, Leviticus 23:36, 2 Chronicles 7:9, Nehemiah 8:18, Joel 1:14, *marg.

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 35:17 - the feast

Verse 9

Deuteronomy 16:10, Deuteronomy 16:16, Exodus 23:16, Exodus 34:22, Leviticus 23:15, Leviticus 23:16, Numbers 28:26-30, 2 Chronicles 8:13, Acts 2:1, 1 Corinthians 16:8, Hebrews 2:1

Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:10 - and shall Numbers 22:17 - I will promote Joel 3:13 - the sickle Luke 6:1 - the second

Verse 10

a tribute: or, sufficiency, Deuteronomy 16:16, Leviticus 5:7, Leviticus 12:8, Leviticus 25:26, *marg. Numbers 31:28, Numbers 31:37, Proverbs 3:9, Proverbs 3:10

according: Deuteronomy 16:17, Proverbs 10:22, Joel 2:14, Haggai 2:15-19, Malachi 3:10, Malachi 3:11, 1 Corinthians 16:2, 2 Corinthians 8:10, 2 Corinthians 8:12, 2 Corinthians 9:5-11

Reciprocal: Exodus 34:22 - feast of weeks Leviticus 22:18 - freewill Leviticus 23:15 - General Numbers 15:3 - or in a freewill Deuteronomy 16:9 - General Deuteronomy 16:15 - because Deuteronomy 26:2 - That thou shalt Judges 21:19 - a feast 1 Chronicles 29:9 - they offered 2 Chronicles 31:14 - the freewill Joel 1:16 - joy

Verse 11

Deuteronomy 16:14, Deuteronomy 12:7, Deuteronomy 12:12, Deuteronomy 12:18, Isaiah 64:5, Isaiah 66:10-14, Habakkuk 3:18, Romans 5:11, 2 Corinthians 1:24, Philippians 4:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:14 - a feast Exodus 20:10 - thy stranger Exodus 20:24 - in all places Leviticus 23:21 - proclaim Leviticus 23:22 - General Deuteronomy 12:21 - to put Deuteronomy 14:29 - the stranger Deuteronomy 15:19 - thou shalt do Deuteronomy 26:11 - rejoice Deuteronomy 26:14 - eaten Deuteronomy 27:7 - rejoice Deuteronomy 28:47 - General 1 Samuel 1:4 - offered 1 Kings 8:66 - joyful 1 Kings 9:3 - to put 1 Chronicles 15:25 - with joy 1 Chronicles 29:9 - they offered 2 Chronicles 7:10 - glad 2 Chronicles 7:16 - have I chosen Nehemiah 8:9 - mourn not Nehemiah 12:27 - gladness Esther 9:19 - gladness Job 29:13 - I caused Psalms 19:8 - rejoicing Psalms 42:4 - with the voice Psalms 100:2 - Serve Psalms 146:9 - preserveth Isaiah 62:9 - shall eat Luke 14:13 - call Acts 2:46 - did Romans 12:8 - with diligence Philippians 3:1 - rejoice 1 Thessalonians 3:9 - before 1 Timothy 5:3 - widows

Verse 12

Deuteronomy 16:15, Deuteronomy 15:15, Lamentations 3:19, Lamentations 3:20, Romans 6:17, Romans 6:18, Ephesians 2:1-3, Ephesians 2:11

Reciprocal: Exodus 13:3 - Remember Exodus 20:10 - thy stranger Leviticus 23:14 - it shall be Deuteronomy 5:15 - remember Deuteronomy 24:18 - General Ezra 7:10 - to do it Jeremiah 34:13 - in the 2 Thessalonians 3:14 - obey

Verse 13

the feast: Deuteronomy 31:10, Exodus 23:16, Exodus 34:22, Leviticus 23:34-36, Numbers 29:12-40, 2 Chronicles 5:3, 2 Chronicles 7:8-10, 2 Chronicles 8:13, Ezra 3:4, Nehemiah 8:14-18, Zechariah 14:16-18, John 7:2

corn and thy wine: Heb. floor and thine wine-press

Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:39 - when Judges 21:19 - a feast 1 Kings 8:2 - at the feast Song of Solomon 5:1 - eat Ezekiel 45:25 - In the seventh

Verse 14

Deuteronomy 12:12, Deuteronomy 26:11, Nehemiah 8:9-12, Ecclesiastes 9:7, Isaiah 12:1-6, Isaiah 25:6-8, Isaiah 30:29, Isaiah 35:10, 1 Thessalonians 5:16

Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:40 - rejoice Numbers 29:12 - the fifteenth day Deuteronomy 14:29 - the stranger Deuteronomy 15:19 - thou shalt do Deuteronomy 16:11 - General Deuteronomy 26:12 - hast given it Deuteronomy 27:7 - rejoice 1 Chronicles 29:22 - eat and drink 2 Chronicles 7:10 - glad 2 Chronicles 30:21 - great gladness Esther 9:19 - gladness Psalms 19:8 - rejoicing Psalms 42:4 - with the voice Psalms 100:2 - Serve Isaiah 62:9 - shall eat Amos 8:10 - I will turn Luke 14:13 - call Romans 12:8 - with diligence 1 Timothy 5:3 - widows

Verse 15

Seven days: Leviticus 23:36-42, Numbers 29:12-38

because: Deuteronomy 16:10, Deuteronomy 7:13, Deuteronomy 28:8-12, Deuteronomy 30:16

Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:40 - rejoice Deuteronomy 16:12 - General 1 Chronicles 15:25 - with joy Nehemiah 8:9 - mourn not Psalms 42:4 - with the voice Psalms 81:3 - solemn Ecclesiastes 9:7 - eat Romans 12:8 - with diligence

Verse 16

Three times: Exodus 23:14-17, Exodus 34:22, Exodus 34:23, 1 Kings 9:25

and they shall: Exodus 23:15, Exodus 34:20, 1 Chronicles 29:3-9, 1 Chronicles 29:14-17, Psalms 96:8, Proverbs 3:9, Proverbs 3:10, Isaiah 23:18, Isaiah 60:6-9, Haggai 1:9, Matthew 2:11, Mark 12:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 23:17 - General Exodus 25:2 - they Leviticus 23:37 - the feasts Deuteronomy 16:9 - General Deuteronomy 16:10 - a tribute Deuteronomy 31:11 - to appear Joshua 9:27 - in the place 1 Samuel 1:3 - yearly 1 Samuel 1:22 - then 1 Samuel 1:24 - she took 1 Samuel 6:3 - empty 1 Chronicles 21:24 - Nay 2 Chronicles 8:13 - three times Nehemiah 8:15 - in Jerusalem Psalms 76:11 - let all Psalms 84:7 - in Zion Psalms 122:4 - Whither Isaiah 1:12 - When Ezekiel 36:38 - as the flock Ezekiel 46:9 - come before Matthew 5:23 - thou Luke 2:41 - went John 2:13 - passover John 4:45 - for John 5:1 - General 1 Corinthians 5:8 - let

Verse 17

as he is able: Heb. according to the gift of his hand, Deuteronomy 16:10, Leviticus 27:8, Ezra 2:63, Mark 12:41-44, 2 Corinthians 8:12, 2 Corinthians 9:6, 2 Corinthians 9:7

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:2 - they Leviticus 23:37 - the feasts Deuteronomy 31:11 - to appear 1 Chronicles 21:24 - Nay Ezekiel 46:5 - as he shall be able to give Matthew 5:23 - thou

Verse 18

Judges: Deuteronomy 1:15-17, Deuteronomy 17:9, Deuteronomy 17:12, Deuteronomy 19:17, Deuteronomy 19:18, Deuteronomy 21:2, Exodus 18:25, Exodus 18:26, Exodus 21:6, 1 Chronicles 23:4, 1 Chronicles 26:29, 2 Chronicles 19:5-11, Psalms 82:2, Psalms 82:3, Romans 13:1-6

in all thy gates: This expression may refer to the gate of the city, as the forum or place of public concourse among the Israelites, where a court of judicature was held, to try all causes and decide all affairs. The same practice obtained among other Eastern nations. The Ottoman court, it is well known, derived its appellation of the Porte, from the distribution of justice and the dispatch of public business at its gates. And the square tower which forms the principal entrance to the Alhamra, or red palace of the Moorish kings of Grenada, retains to this day the appellation of the Gate of judgment, from its having been the place where justice was at one period summarily administered.

Reciprocal: Exodus 5:6 - officers Exodus 18:21 - able men Exodus 21:22 - as the judges Exodus 22:8 - the judges Exodus 22:9 - the cause of both parties Numbers 11:16 - officers Deuteronomy 1:16 - Hear Deuteronomy 20:5 - the officers Deuteronomy 21:19 - and bring Deuteronomy 25:1 - General Ruth 4:1 - to the gate 1 Samuel 8:1 - made his 2 Samuel 23:3 - must be just 1 Kings 21:8 - the elders 2 Kings 10:1 - the rulers 2 Chronicles 19:7 - taking of gifts Ezra 7:25 - set magistrates Job 29:7 - General Psalms 58:1 - Do Psalms 69:12 - They Proverbs 31:9 - General Proverbs 31:23 - in the Jeremiah 22:3 - Execute Lamentations 5:14 - elders Ezekiel 18:8 - hath executed Amos 5:12 - in the Micah 3:1 - Is it Zechariah 7:9 - saying Matthew 21:33 - husbandmen Luke 20:9 - husbandmen John 7:24 - General John 8:11 - Neither

Verse 19

wrest: Deuteronomy 24:17, Deuteronomy 27:19, Exodus 23:2, Exodus 23:6-8, Leviticus 19:15, 1 Samuel 8:3, 1 Samuel 12:3, Job 31:21, Job 31:22, Proverbs 17:23, Ecclesiastes 7:7, Isaiah 1:17, Isaiah 1:23, Isaiah 33:15, Jeremiah 5:28, Ezekiel 22:12, Micah 7:3, Habakkuk 1:4, Zephaniah 3:3-5, Acts 16:37, Acts 23:3

respect: Deuteronomy 1:16, Deuteronomy 1:17, Deuteronomy 10:17, Exodus 23:7, Exodus 23:8, Proverbs 24:23, Proverbs 24:28, Acts 10:34

words: or, matters

Reciprocal: Exodus 18:21 - hating Exodus 21:26 - General Exodus 22:9 - the cause of both parties Leviticus 25:14 - General Deuteronomy 21:2 - General Deuteronomy 27:25 - General 1 Samuel 8:1 - made his 1 Kings 21:8 - the elders 2 Chronicles 19:7 - taking of gifts Job 32:21 - accept Psalms 15:5 - nor taketh Psalms 26:10 - bribes Psalms 58:1 - Do Proverbs 15:27 - but Proverbs 17:8 - gift Proverbs 18:5 - not Isaiah 5:23 - for reward Hosea 4:18 - her Mark 12:14 - for thou John 7:24 - General Acts 24:26 - hoped Romans 2:11 - General 1 Timothy 6:10 - the love James 2:1 - with 2 Peter 3:16 - wrest

Verse 20

That which: etc. Heb. Justice, justice, Deuteronomy 25:13-16, Micah 6:8, Philippians 4:8

live: Deuteronomy 4:1, Ezekiel 18:5, Ezekiel 18:9, Romans 10:5

Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:14 - General 1 Thessalonians 5:15 - ever 1 Timothy 6:11 - and

Verse 21

Exodus 34:13, Judges 3:7, 1 Kings 14:15, 1 Kings 16:33, 2 Kings 17:16, 2 Kings 21:3, 2 Chronicles 33:3

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:33 - Beersheba Leviticus 26:1 - Ye shall Deuteronomy 12:4 - General 2 Kings 17:10 - groves

Verse 22

image: or, statue, or pillar, Exodus 20:4, Leviticus 26:1

which: Deuteronomy 12:31, Jeremiah 44:4, Zechariah 8:17, Revelation 2:6, Revelation 2:15

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 7:5 - images Deuteronomy 12:4 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 16". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/deuteronomy-16.html.