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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Deuteronomy 14

Overview

Deuteronomy 14:1, God’s children are not to disfigure themselves in mourning; Deuteronomy 14:3, What may, and what may not be eaten; Deuteronomy 14:4, of beasts; Deuteronomy 14:9, of fishes; Deuteronomy 14:11, of fowls; Deuteronomy 14:21, That which dieth of itself may not be eaten; Deuteronomy 14:22, Tithes of divine service; Deuteronomy 14:23, Tithes and firstlings to be eaten before the Lord; Deuteronomy 14:28, The third year’s tithe of alms and charity.

Verse 1

the children: Genesis 6:2, Genesis 6:4, Exodus 4:22, Exodus 4:23, Psalms 82:6, Psalms 82:7, Jeremiah 3:19, Hosea 1:10, John 1:12, John 11:52, Romans 8:16, Romans 9:8, Romans 9:26, 2 Corinthians 6:18, Galatians 3:26, Hebrews 2:10, 1 John 3:1, 1 John 3:2, 1 John 3:10, 1 John 5:2

ye shall not: The heathen nations not only did these things in honour of their gods, but in grief for the death of a relative. Leviticus 19:27, Leviticus 19:28, Leviticus 21:5, Jeremiah 16:6, Jeremiah 41:5, Jeremiah 47:5, 1 Thessalonians 4:13

Reciprocal: Genesis 7:2 - every clean Leviticus 11:4 - unclean unto you Judges 20:7 - ye are all 1 Kings 18:28 - cut themselves Isaiah 15:2 - all Ezekiel 27:31 - they shall make Ezekiel 44:20 - shave John 8:41 - we have Acts 10:14 - for Romans 9:4 - the adoption

Verse 2

Deuteronomy 14:21, Deuteronomy 7:6, Deuteronomy 26:18, Deuteronomy 26:19, Deuteronomy 28:9, Exodus 19:5, Exodus 19:6, Leviticus 11:45, Leviticus 19:2, Leviticus 20:26, Isaiah 6:13, Isaiah 62:12, Ezekiel 21:2, Daniel 8:24, Daniel 12:7, Titus 2:14, 1 Peter 2:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 17:8 - their Exodus 6:7 - will take Leviticus 11:44 - ye shall Leviticus 20:24 - which Judges 20:7 - ye are all 1 Samuel 12:22 - it hath 1 Kings 8:53 - separate Ezra 9:2 - the holy seed Isaiah 41:8 - thou Isaiah 43:4 - precious Jeremiah 2:3 - holiness Ezekiel 20:5 - In the Malachi 2:11 - profaned Malachi 3:17 - jewels Acts 13:17 - God 1 Thessalonians 4:13 - ye sorrow

Verse 3

Leviticus 11:43, Leviticus 20:25, Isaiah 65:4, Ezekiel 4:14, Acts 10:12-14, Romans 14:14, 1 Corinthians 10:28, Titus 1:15

Reciprocal: Genesis 9:3 - Every Leviticus 7:21 - abominable Leviticus 11:2 - General Leviticus 11:10 - they shall be Isaiah 66:17 - behind one tree in the midst Ezekiel 8:10 - every Colossians 2:16 - in meat Hebrews 9:10 - in meats Hebrews 13:9 - not with

Verse 4

Leviticus 11:2-8, 1 Kings 4:23

Verse 5

the wild goat: The word akko, according to the LXX and Vulgate, signifies the tragelephus, or goat-deer; so called from its resemblance to both species. Dr. Shaw states that an animal of this kind is found in the East, where it is called fishtull, and lerwee.

pygarg: or, bison. Heb. dishon. The pygarg, נץדבסדןע, or white-buttocks, according to the LXX; and Dr. Shaw states that the liamee, as the Africans call it, is exactly such an animal; being of the same shape and colour as the antelope, and of the size of a roebuck.

the wild ox: Theo, probably the oryx of the Greeks, a species of large stag; and the Bekkar el wash of Dr. Shaw. Deuteronomy 14:5

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 12:15 - the unclean

Verse 6

Psalms 1:1, Psalms 1:2, Proverbs 18:1, 2 Corinthians 6:17, On this verse remark, that the clean beast must both chew the cud and part the hoof: two distinct characteristics, or general signs, by which the possibility of error arising from the misinterpretation of names is obviated. When God directs, his commands are not of doubtful interpretation.

Verse 7

Matthew 7:22, Matthew 7:23, Matthew 7:26, 2 Timothy 3:5, Titus 1:16, 2 Peter 2:18-22

Reciprocal: Leviticus 7:21 - any unclean Leviticus 11:6 - the hare Psalms 104:18 - the conies Ezekiel 8:10 - every

Verse 8

the swine: Isaiah 65:4, Isaiah 66:3, Isaiah 66:17, Luke 15:15, Luke 15:16, 2 Peter 2:22

touch: Leviticus 11:26, Leviticus 11:27

Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:2 - touch Leviticus 7:21 - any unclean Leviticus 11:7 - swine Ezekiel 8:10 - every Matthew 8:30 - an Mark 5:11 - herd

Verse 9

Leviticus 11:9-12

Verse 10

Reciprocal: Leviticus 7:21 - any unclean Leviticus 11:9 - General

Verse 12

Leviticus 11:13-19

Reciprocal: Leviticus 7:21 - any unclean

Verse 13

the glede: Raâh, probably the same as daâh, rendered vulture in Leviticus 11:14, where six of Dr. Kennicott's codices read some animal of the hawk or vulture kind: LXX דץנב, vulture. Deuteronomy 14:13

Verse 15

Job 30:29

the night: Tachmas, probably the bird which Hasselquist calls strix orientalis, or oriental owl.

the cuckoo: Shachpaph, probably the sea-gull or mew.

Reciprocal: Leviticus 11:16 - General Job 39:26 - the hawk

Verse 16

the swan: Tinshemeth, probably, as Michaelis supposes, the goose. Deuteronomy 14:16

Verse 17

gier: Rachamah, probably a species of vulture, still called in Arabic by the same name.

the cormorant: Shalach, probably the cataract, or plungeon, a sea fowl. Deuteronomy 14:17

Verse 18

the lapwing: Doocheephath, the upupa, or hoop, a beautiful but very unclean bird. Deuteronomy 14:18

Verse 19

Leviticus 11:20-23, Philippians 3:19

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 15:10 - because

Verse 21

any thing: Leviticus 17:15, Leviticus 22:8, Ezekiel 4:14, Acts 15:20

the stranger: Exodus 12:43-45, Leviticus 19:33, Leviticus 19:34

an holy: Deuteronomy 14:2, Daniel 8:24, Daniel 12:7, 1 Peter 1:16

Thou shalt: Exodus 23:19, Exodus 34:26, Romans 12:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 9:4 - the life Exodus 19:5 - a peculiar Exodus 22:31 - holy Leviticus 7:24 - beast Leviticus 11:40 - eateth Leviticus 22:28 - ye shall not kill it Deuteronomy 23:20 - a stranger Isaiah 65:4 - broth Ezekiel 44:31 - General

Verse 22

Deuteronomy 12:6, Deuteronomy 12:17, Deuteronomy 26:12-15, Leviticus 27:30-33, Numbers 18:21, Nehemiah 10:37

Reciprocal: Genesis 28:22 - I will Numbers 18:31 - in every Deuteronomy 14:28 - the end Nehemiah 13:12 - brought

Verse 23

eat before: Deuteronomy 12:5-7, Deuteronomy 12:17, Deuteronomy 12:18

the firstlings: Deuteronomy 15:19, Deuteronomy 15:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:20 - tithes Genesis 28:22 - I will Exodus 20:24 - in all places Leviticus 27:30 - General Numbers 18:31 - in every Deuteronomy 12:7 - And there Deuteronomy 12:11 - a place Deuteronomy 12:21 - to put Nehemiah 10:39 - For the children Isaiah 62:9 - shall eat John 2:14 - General

Verse 24

if the place: Deuteronomy 11:24, Deuteronomy 12:21, Exodus 23:31

which: Deuteronomy 12:5

Reciprocal: Ezra 7:17 - buy speedily Matthew 21:12 - moneychangers

Verse 25

Reciprocal: Mark 11:15 - the tables Luke 19:45 - sold

Verse 26

bestow: Ezra 7:15-17, Ezra 7:22, Matthew 21:12, Mark 11:15, John 2:14-16

thy soul: Deuteronomy 12:15, Deuteronomy 12:20, Deuteronomy 12:21, Psalms 106:14, 1 Corinthians 6:12, 1 Corinthians 6:13, 1 Corinthians 10:6

desireth: Heb. asketh of thee

eat: Deuteronomy 12:7, Deuteronomy 12:12, Deuteronomy 12:18, Deuteronomy 26:11

rejoice: Ecclesiastes 9:7

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:37 - according Zechariah 7:6 - did not ye eat for Luke 19:45 - sold

Verse 27

the Levite: Deuteronomy 14:29, Deuteronomy 12:12, Deuteronomy 12:18, Deuteronomy 12:19, Galatians 6:6, 1 Timothy 5:17

he hath no: Deuteronomy 14:29, Deuteronomy 18:1, Deuteronomy 18:2, Numbers 18:20

Reciprocal: Numbers 26:62 - those that

Verse 28

the end: Deuteronomy 14:22, Deuteronomy 26:12-15, Amos 4:4

thou shalt bring: As the Levites had no inheritance, the Israelites were not to forget them, but truly tithe their increase. For their support, the Levites had:

1. The tenth of all the productions of the land.

2. Forty-eight cities, each forming a square of 4,000 cubits.

3. Two thousand cubits of ground round each city; total of land, 53,000 acres.

4. The first-fruits, and certain parts of all the animals killed in the land.

But though this was a very small proportion for a whole tribe that had consented to annihilate its political existence, that it might wait upon the service of God, yet, let it be considered, that what they possessed was the best of the land, and while it was slender remuneration for their services, yet their portion was such as rendered them independent, and kept them comfortable; so that they could wait on God, and labour in his work, without distraction.

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:20 - tithes Leviticus 19:24 - all the 2 Chronicles 31:6 - the tithe

Verse 29

he hath: Deuteronomy 14:27, Deuteronomy 12:12

the stranger: Deuteronomy 16:11, Deuteronomy 16:14, Deuteronomy 24:19-21, Deuteronomy 26:12, Deuteronomy 26:13, Exodus 22:21-24, Leviticus 19:34, Job 31:16-22, Luke 14:12-14, Hebrews 13:2, James 1:27

that the Lord: Deuteronomy 15:10, Psalms 41:1, Proverbs 3:9, Proverbs 3:10, Proverbs 11:24, Proverbs 19:17, Isaiah 58:7-12, Malachi 3:10, Malachi 3:11, Luke 6:35, Luke 11:41, 2 Corinthians 9:6-11

Reciprocal: Leviticus 19:24 - all the Numbers 18:20 - no inheritance Deuteronomy 15:4 - greatly bless Deuteronomy 28:12 - to bless all Psalms 132:15 - I will satisfy Amos 4:4 - and your Luke 14:13 - call 1 Timothy 5:3 - widows

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 14". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/deuteronomy-14.html.