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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 24

Overview

2 Chronicles 24:1, Joash reigns well all the days of Jehoiada; 2 Chronicles 24:4, He gives order for the repair of the temple; 2 Chronicles 24:15, Jehoiada’s death and honourable burial; 2 Chronicles 24:17, Joash, falling into idolatry, slays Zechariah the son of Jehoiada; v.23, Joash is spoiled by the Syrians, and slain by Zabad and Jehozabad; v.27, Amaziah succeeds him.

Verse 1

am 3126-3165, bc 878-839

Joash: Joash, יואש [Strong's H3101], or יאש [Strong's H3101], is merely an abbreviation of Jehoash, יהואש [Strong's H3060], by the elision of ה, hay, and here also of ו, wav. 2 Kings 11:21, 2 Kings 12:1, Jehoash, 1 Chronicles 3:11

seven years old: As Joash was hidden six years in the temple, and was but seven when he came to the throne, he could have been but one year old when secreted by his aunt.

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 34:1 - eight years

Verse 2

am 3126-3162, bc 878-842

Joash: 2 Chronicles 25:2, 2 Chronicles 26:4, 2 Chronicles 26:5, 2 Kings 12:2, Psalms 78:36, Psalms 78:37, Psalms 106:12, Psalms 106:13, Mark 4:16, Mark 4:17

all the days of Jehoiada: 2 Chronicles 24:17-22, Isaiah 29:13

Reciprocal: Joshua 24:31 - served Judges 2:7 - the people 2 Kings 14:3 - he did according 2 Chronicles 24:14 - all the days Ezekiel 3:20 - When Ezekiel 18:24 - when Matthew 13:20 - anon Mark 6:20 - feared

Verse 3

took for him: Not for himself, as the Jewish expositors suppose, but for Joash; for Jehoiada's advanced age renders it highly improbable that he should take them for himself. He was born in the reign of Solomon, and lived through six successive reigns; and must, on any computation, have been upwards of 100 years old when Joash began to reign. 2 Chronicles 24:15, Genesis 21:21, Genesis 24:4

two wives: Genesis 4:19, Matthew 19:4-8

Verse 4

am 3148, bc 856

repair: Heb. renew, 2 Chronicles 24:5-7

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 24:18 - And they left

Verse 5

gather of all Israel: 2 Chronicles 29:3, 2 Chronicles 34:8, 2 Chronicles 34:9, 2 Kings 12:4, 2 Kings 12:5

Howbeit: 2 Kings 12:6, 2 Kings 12:7

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 21:2 - Israel 2 Chronicles 24:4 - repair Nehemiah 10:33 - all the work

Verse 6

Why hast thou: 2 Samuel 24:3

the collection: This was the poll-tax fixed by Moses, of half a shekel, which was levied on every man of twenty years old and upwards, as "a ransom for their souls, that there might be no plague among them." Exodus 30:12-16

tabernacle: Numbers 1:50, Numbers 17:7, Numbers 17:8, Numbers 18:2, Acts 7:44

Reciprocal: Exodus 38:21 - tabernacle of testimony 2 Kings 12:7 - king Jehoash 2 Chronicles 24:9 - collection Matthew 13:20 - anon 2 Timothy 2:24 - the servant Revelation 15:3 - the servant

Verse 7

the sons of Athaliah: As Jehoram's sons, Ahaziah excepted, whether by Athaliah or any other, were all slain before his death - 2 Chronicles 22:1, this spoilation of the temple must have taken place in his life-time. 2 Chronicles 21:17

that wicked: 2 Chronicles 28:22-24, Esther 7:6, Proverbs 10:7, 2 Thessalonians 2:8, Revelation 2:20

the dedicated: 2 Kings 12:4

did they bestow: Deuteronomy 32:15-17, Ezekiel 16:17-21, Daniel 5:2-4, Daniel 5:23, Hosea 2:8, Hosea 2:9, Hosea 2:13

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 11:1 - Athaliah 2 Kings 12:5 - let them repair 2 Kings 22:5 - to repair

Verse 8

at the king's: 2 Kings 12:8, 2 Kings 12:9, Mark 12:41

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:4 - sum the silver

Verse 9

proclamation: Heb. voice

collection: 2 Chronicles 24:6, Matthew 17:24-27

Reciprocal: Exodus 35:22 - every man 2 Kings 12:4 - even the money 2 Chronicles 30:5 - to make proclamation 2 Chronicles 36:22 - a proclamation

Verse 10

rejoiced: 1 Chronicles 29:9, Isaiah 64:5, Acts 2:45-47, 2 Corinthians 8:2, 2 Corinthians 9:7

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 12:4 - even the money 2 Kings 12:9 - beside 2 Chronicles 31:5 - as soon Mark 12:44 - cast in of

Verse 11

at what time: 2 Kings 12:10-12

the king's scribe: It was necessary to associate with the high priest some civil authority and activity, in order to get the neglected work performed.

Thus they did: 1 Corinthians 16:2

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 12:11 - gave the money 2 Chronicles 31:5 - as soon 2 Chronicles 34:9 - they delivered Ecclesiastes 10:19 - but

Verse 12

gave it to such: 2 Chronicles 34:9-11

masons: 1 Kings 5:15

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 12:11 - gave the money 2 Kings 22:5 - to repair Ezra 3:7 - gave money

Verse 13

the work was perfected by them: Heb. the healing went up upon the work by their hand, Nehemiah 4:7

they set: etc. That is, "they restored it to its former proper state."

in his state: 1 Chronicles 22:5, Haggai 2:3, Mark 13:1, Mark 13:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 36:4 - General 2 Kings 22:5 - to repair 2 Chronicles 24:27 - repairing Ezra 3:7 - gave money

Verse 14

vessels of the house, 2 Kings 12:13, 2 Kings 12:14

vessels to minister: 1 Kings 7:50

to offer withal: or, pestils, Proverbs 27:22

And they offered: It appears from this, that the daily morning and evening sacrifices had been previously intermitted; and that they were again neglected after the death of Jehoiada. Exodus 29:38-42, Numbers 28:2 - Numbers 29:40

all the days: 2 Chronicles 24:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 36:5 - General Numbers 7:14 - spoon Judges 2:7 - the people 2 Kings 22:7 - Howbeit 2 Kings 25:14 - the pots 2 Kings 25:15 - and such things Ezra 1:9 - chargers of gold Ezra 8:28 - the vessels Jeremiah 52:18 - the spoons Matthew 13:20 - anon

Verse 15

am 3162, bc 842

and was full of days: Wyyisba yammim, "satiated with days;" which seems to be a metaphor taken from a guest regaled by a plentiful banquet, used to express the termination of life without reluctance. Genesis 15:15, Genesis 25:8, 1 Chronicles 23:1, Job 5:26, Psalms 91:16

an hundred: Genesis 47:9, Psalms 90:10

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 24:3 - took for him Mark 6:20 - feared

Verse 16

in the city: 1 Samuel 2:30, 1 Kings 2:10, Acts 2:29

because: 2 Chronicles 23:1-21, 2 Chronicles 31:20, Nehemiah 13:14, Hebrews 6:10

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 5:7 - the same 2 Kings 12:7 - Jehoiada 2 Kings 13:20 - buried him 2 Kings 21:18 - and was buried 2 Chronicles 21:2 - Israel 2 Chronicles 24:25 - not Proverbs 10:7 - memory Isaiah 14:18 - all of Mark 6:29 - they came 1 Timothy 6:18 - they do

Verse 17

am 3162-3165, bc 842-839

Now after: Deuteronomy 31:27, Acts 20:29, Acts 20:30, 2 Peter 1:15

the princes of Judah: 2 Chronicles 10:8-10, 2 Chronicles 22:3, 2 Chronicles 22:4, Proverbs 7:21-23, Proverbs 20:19, Proverbs 26:8, Proverbs 26:28, Proverbs 29:5, Daniel 11:32

Then the king: Proverbs 29:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 43:28 - made obeisance Joshua 24:31 - served Judges 2:19 - when the Judges 8:33 - as soon 2 Kings 12:2 - General 2 Kings 14:3 - he did according 2 Chronicles 24:2 - all the days of Jehoiada 2 Chronicles 24:23 - princes Nehemiah 13:6 - But Isaiah 1:23 - princes Ezekiel 3:20 - When Ezekiel 18:24 - when Hosea 4:10 - left Luke 3:20 - General Luke 11:25 - he findeth

Verse 18

And they left: 2 Chronicles 24:4, 2 Chronicles 21:13, 2 Chronicles 33:3-7, 1 Kings 11:4, 1 Kings 11:5, 1 Kings 14:9, 1 Kings 14:23

wrath: 2 Chronicles 19:2, 2 Chronicles 28:13, 2 Chronicles 29:8, 2 Chronicles 32:25, 2 Chronicles 36:14-16, Joshua 22:20, Judges 5:8, 2 Samuel 24:1, Hosea 5:10, Hosea 5:11, Hosea 5:14, Zephaniah 1:4-6, Ephesians 5:6

Reciprocal: Joshua 7:1 - committed Joshua 24:31 - served Judges 2:19 - when the Judges 3:7 - the groves Judges 8:33 - as soon 2 Chronicles 22:4 - they were his 2 Chronicles 24:23 - princes 2 Chronicles 36:15 - the Lord Nehemiah 13:6 - But Jeremiah 17:2 - their altars

Verse 19

Yet he sent: 2 Chronicles 36:15, 2 Chronicles 36:16, 2 Kings 17:13-15, Nehemiah 9:26, Jeremiah 7:25, Jeremiah 7:26, Jeremiah 25:4, Jeremiah 25:5, Jeremiah 26:5, Jeremiah 44:4, Jeremiah 44:5, Luke 11:47-51, Luke 16:31, Luke 20:9-15

but they would: Psalms 95:7, Psalms 95:8, Isaiah 28:23, Isaiah 42:23, Isaiah 51:4, Isaiah 55:3, Matthew 13:9, Matthew 13:15, Matthew 13:16

Reciprocal: Nehemiah 9:29 - testifiedst Nehemiah 13:15 - I testified Isaiah 30:10 - say Jeremiah 42:19 - admonished you Amos 3:13 - and testify Zechariah 1:4 - unto Mark 12:3 - they Luke 20:10 - beat Acts 7:52 - Which of

Verse 20

And the Spirit: 2 Chronicles 15:1, 2 Chronicles 20:14

came upon: Heb. clothed, Judges 6:34, 1 Chronicles 12:18

the son: 2 Chronicles 23:11

transgress: Numbers 14:41, 1 Samuel 13:13, 1 Samuel 13:14, 2 Samuel 12:9, 2 Samuel 12:10, Zechariah 7:11-14

because: 2 Chronicles 15:2, Deuteronomy 29:25, Deuteronomy 29:26, 1 Chronicles 28:9, Jeremiah 2:19, Jeremiah 4:18, Jeremiah 5:19, Jeremiah 5:25

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 12:13 - David 2 Chronicles 13:12 - ye shall not 2 Chronicles 25:15 - Why hast thou sought Nehemiah 9:26 - slew Proverbs 5:12 - and my Proverbs 9:7 - General Ecclesiastes 4:13 - will no more be Isaiah 2:6 - Therefore Jeremiah 19:14 - he stood Jeremiah 26:2 - Stand Jeremiah 32:5 - though Amos 5:10 - hate Matthew 5:12 - for so Matthew 23:35 - unto Luke 4:28 - were Luke 11:51 - Zacharias John 10:32 - for Galatians 4:16 - become 2 Timothy 4:3 - they will 1 John 3:4 - transgresseth

Verse 21

conspired: Jeremiah 11:19, Jeremiah 18:18, Jeremiah 38:4-6

stoned him: Matthew 21:35, Matthew 23:34-37, Acts 7:58, Acts 7:59

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 13:10 - stone him 1 Samuel 22:18 - he fell 1 Kings 12:18 - all Israel 1 Kings 21:11 - did as Jezebel 2 Chronicles 10:18 - stoned him 2 Chronicles 24:25 - for the blood 2 Chronicles 25:16 - Art thou made 2 Chronicles 36:17 - in the house Nehemiah 9:26 - slew Proverbs 25:26 - General Proverbs 28:17 - General Ecclesiastes 7:15 - there is a just Jeremiah 2:30 - your own sword Jeremiah 19:14 - he stood Jeremiah 20:2 - smote Jeremiah 26:2 - Stand Matthew 23:37 - thou Luke 4:28 - were Luke 13:34 - killest Hebrews 11:37 - stoned

Verse 22

remembered: Psalms 109:4, Luke 17:15-18, John 10:32

but slew his son: Proverbs 17:13

The Lord: These words were prophetic, and not imprecatory; and should be rendered as Houbigant proposes, in the future tense: "The Lord will look upon it, and avenge it." The event soon verified this prediction; for, before the year was expired, the Syrians came up against Jerusalem, and destroyed all the princes of the people, and Joash himself was slain in his bed by his own servants. Many circumstances served to aggravate this barbarous act. Zechariah was a high-priest and a prophet, upright and unblameable in the discharge of his high offices; this murder was perpetrated within the very precincts of the courts of the Lord; and this truly good man was by blood the nearest relative of Joash, and the son of the man who had save him from being murdered, and raised him to the throne! Genesis 9:5, Jeremiah 11:20, Jeremiah 26:14, Jeremiah 26:15, Luke 11:51, 2 Timothy 4:14, 2 Timothy 4:16, Revelation 6:9-11, Revelation 18:20, Revelation 19:2

and require it: Psalms 10:14, Jeremiah 51:56

Reciprocal: Genesis 16:5 - the Lord Genesis 42:22 - his blood Exodus 20:13 - General Joshua 22:23 - let the Lord 1 Samuel 24:15 - be judge 2 Chronicles 24:25 - for the blood Psalms 10:13 - Thou Proverbs 25:26 - General Proverbs 27:10 - own Proverbs 30:10 - lest Ecclesiastes 7:15 - there is a just Jeremiah 20:12 - let me Matthew 21:35 - General Matthew 23:37 - thou Luke 13:34 - killest

Verse 23

am 3165, bc 839

at the end: Heb. in the revolution, 1 Kings 20:22, 1 Kings 20:26

the host: Deuteronomy 32:35, 2 Kings 12:17, 2 Kings 12:18

princes: 2 Chronicles 24:17, 2 Chronicles 24:18, Psalms 2:10, Psalms 2:11, Psalms 58:10, Psalms 58:11, Psalms 82:6, Psalms 82:7

Damascus: Heb. Darmesek

Verse 24

came: Leviticus 26:8, Leviticus 26:37, Deuteronomy 32:30, Isaiah 30:17, Jeremiah 37:10

delivered: 2 Chronicles 16:8, 2 Chronicles 16:9, 2 Chronicles 20:11, 2 Chronicles 20:12, Leviticus 26:25, Deuteronomy 28:25, Deuteronomy 28:48

So: 2 Chronicles 22:8, Isaiah 10:5, Isaiah 10:6, Isaiah 13:5, Habakkuk 1:12

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 12:17 - to Jerusalem 2 Kings 12:20 - his servants 2 Kings 24:3 - Surely 2 Chronicles 28:5 - delivered him Ecclesiastes 5:17 - much

Verse 25

great diseases: 2 Chronicles 21:16, 2 Chronicles 21:18, 2 Chronicles 21:19, 2 Chronicles 22:6

his own servants: 2 Kings 12:20, 2 Kings 14:19, 2 Kings 14:20

for the blood: 2 Chronicles 24:21, 2 Chronicles 24:22, Psalms 10:14, Revelation 16:6

the sons of Jehoiada: Houbigant reads, "the sons of Jehoiada;" but perhaps Joash slew some other sons of Jehoiada.

not: 2 Chronicles 24:16, 2 Chronicles 21:20, 2 Chronicles 28:27

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 4:5 - went 2 Kings 9:26 - of his sons 2 Kings 21:18 - and was buried 2 Chronicles 25:3 - he slew 2 Chronicles 25:27 - made 2 Chronicles 33:24 - General Ecclesiastes 5:17 - much Isaiah 14:18 - all of

Verse 26

Zabad: or, Jozachar, 2 Kings 12:21

Shimrith: or, Shomer

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 25:3 - he slew 2 Chronicles 33:24 - General

Verse 27

burdens: 2 Kings 12:18

repairing: Heb. founding, 2 Chronicles 24:13

story: or, commentary, 2 Chronicles 9:29, 2 Chronicles 16:11, 2 Chronicles 20:34

Amaziah: 2 Chronicles 25:1, 2 Kings 12:21, 1 Chronicles 3:12

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:5 - to repair 2 Chronicles 35:27 - deeds

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 24". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-chronicles-24.html.