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Bible Commentaries

Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Proverbs 17

Verse 1

Victims. Of which part was used for a feast, chap. vii. 14. (Calmet) --- Septuagint add, "of many goods, and unjust victims." (Haydock)

Verse 2

Brethren. Partaking with them, (Abenezra; Tirinus; Menochius) or rather acting as his master’s executor; which evinces the advantages of wisdom, so as to raise a slave above those whom his station requires him to serve. Such was Joseph, who was tried.

Verse 4

Lips. They mutually deceive one another, as well as others.

Verse 6

Fathers. Whose virtues they are bound to imitate.

Verse 7

Eloquent. Septuagint, "faithful." They cannot be expected from them.

Verse 8

Expecteth heavenly things. Septuagint, "instruction is the reward of good deeds to those who use it."

Verse 9

Friends. Detractors cause dissensions, and even wars.

Verse 10

Fools. "A word is enough for the wise." Nobilis equus umbra virgæ regitur, ignavus ne calcari quidem. (Q. Curtius)

Verse 11

Angel. Messenger of death, (Menochius) which is sometimes inflicted by good, at others by bad, angels of death, or satan, 2 Corinthians xii. 7., and Psalm lxxvii. 49.

Verse 12

Fool. Hebrew, "fool in his folly." The danger is not greater in meeting (Calmet) a female bear, though it be the most terrible. (Aristotle, Anim. ix. 1.)

Verse 14

Water. It is scarcely possible to prevent the bad effects of detraction. Frequent quarrels have also risen on account of springs, Genesis xxvi. 20. --- Judgment. And gives up the cause, as being much more prudent, Matthew v. 25, 40.

Verse 15

God. We ought to suspend our judgment, or incline to the more favourable side, Matthew vii. 1., and Romans ii. 1.

Verse 16

He, &c., is not here in Hebrew, though it be equivalently (ver. 19.) where the Septuagint are silent. (Calmet)

Verse 17

Distress. Like the real friend, chap. xviii. 24.

Verse 18

Hands. Through joy, or as a mark of his consent.

Verse 19

Door. Sixtus V reads, "mouth:" as some explain the door to mean. A large door supposes that the house is elevated, and thus exposed to danger from winds, &c.

Verse 24

Earth. Wandering and insatiable, and deeming the acquisition of wisdom too difficult.

Verse 26

No good. But very criminal. See Jeremias vii. 31.

Verse 27

Precious and reserved spirit. This is a mark of wisdom. (Calmet)

Verse 33


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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Proverbs 17". "Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". 1859.