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The story contained in this chapter is one of the most familiar of the Old Testament narratives. It places Saul and David in sharp contrast as each stands out in clear relief.
In the presence of the enemy of his people, notwithstanding his position and his army, Saul is seen to be utterly incompetent. On the other hand, David, without human resources, but conscious of the true greatness of his. people, and sure of the strength of his God, went forth to battle with the Philistine champion.
The secret of his strength is revealed in his address to Goliath, 'Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a javelin; but I come to thee in the name of Jehovah of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, which thou hast defied."
Whereas under ordinary circumstances it is the duty of the servants of Cod to make all preparation possible for action, and to employ every resource available in the prosecution of the divine purpose, a man in an hour of crisis may attempt impossible things and be assured of victory in the name of God.
In the divine economy, Saul was no longer king, and David was. He demonstrated his fitness for the kingly position and power by his victory, which revealed his clear understanding of the true secrets of his people's strength and of the power of God.
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Morgan, G. Campbell. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 17". "Morgan's Exposition on the Bible". https://studylight.org/
the Fourth Week after Epiphany