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Bible Commentaries

Gann's Commentary on the Bible

Exodus 1

Verse 1

Exodus 1:1


Book Comments: Exodus 1:1

Walking Thru The Bible



1. The purpose of the Bible is the glory of God and the salvation of man through Jesus Christ our Lord.

a. Genesis connects with the purpose line in that (1) it reaches backward to revelation and makes known the origin of the universe, of man, and of sin; (2) it unfolds the development of the messianic nation; (3) it looks into the future and foretells that coming of promised seed, the Savior-Shiloh.

2. The book of Exodus deals with the birth and organization of the nation through whom the promised Messiah would come. Exodus is a Greek word meaning way out, or departure.

3. The outstanding character in the book is Moses - "for forty years he thought he was somebody; spent forty years learning he was nobody; and then discovered for forty years what God can do with nobody."

4. Redemption is the key word of the book and the theme is redemption through the blood.

5. The key text of the book would probably be Exodus 19:4-6, Exodus 20:2.


I. Some divisions of Exodus

A. A brief outline under three heads.

1. Bondage - Exodus 1-5

2. Deliverance - Exodus 6-18

3. Organization - Exodus 19-40

B. Brief highlights of the book by chapter contents would be:

1. The growth of Israel as a nation and the kings’ decree. Exodus 1

2. The birth of Moses, his living in the palace, slaying of the Egyptian and flight into the wilderness. Ex. 2

3. God calls Moses to deliver Israel. Exodus 3, 4

4. Moses and Aaron appear before Pharaoh and the plagues begin. Exodus 5-11

5. The institution of the feast of Passover, the death of the firstborn and Israel’s Deliverance. Exodus 12, 13

6. Pharaoh comes after Israel, the sea is divided and Israel passes over. Chapter 14

7. The song of deliverance. Chapter 15

8. The people murmur and the sending of the manna and the quails. Chapter 16

9. The water at Rephidim, the battle with Amalek, and God’s statement, "For I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under the heaven." Chapter 17:4

10. Jethro’s advice to Moses and preparation of giving of the law. Chapter 18, 19

11. Giving of the ten commandments. Chapter 20

12. Various laws concerning property, person, and state. Chapter 21-24

13. Instruction regarding the building of the tabernacle, the furniture, and the priesthood. Chapter 25-31

14. The sin of people in building the golden calf. Moses’ intercession, receiving of the second table of stones. Chapter 32-34

15. The building and consecrating of the tabernacle. Chapter 35-40

A. As a whole the story of Exodus may be described as a record of Redemption and consecration of Israel as the Covenant People of God.

B. Every part of Exodus shows God’s interest in human affairs. God is interested in human affairs


D. The book of Exodus has a very vital connection with the New Testament in the form of types and anti-types.

So it the church. Acts 20:28

So is the church. Titus 2:14

So is the church. Revelation 1:5

So is the church. 1 Peter 2:9

a. Without blemish. Exodus 12:5 cf; 1 Peter 1:19

6. The bondage in, and deliverance from, Egypt is typical of our bondage in sin and deliverance from sin.

7. The tabernacle, outer court, and the furniture were all typical and shadows of what was to come. Hebrews 10:1 ff

a. The outer court (Chapter 27) was typical of the world.

b. The brazen altar where sacrifices were made (Chapter 27) was typical of our altar (Hebrews 13:10-11).

c. The laver ( Exodus 38:8) was typical of baptism or of daily cleansing.

d. The holy place was typical of the church, and the most holy place of heaven.

e. The table of shewbread (Leviticus 24:9) was typical of the Lord’s Supper.

f. The candlestick was typical of the word of God.


2. the whole book is built on recognition of a great fact as stated in the preface to the ten commandments. Exodus 20:2.

Exodus 10:1 (click on the "chaper" icon above to view a sermon from this chapter.)

Exodus 10


2. Rom. 15:4 Written for our learning--O.T. a shadow of things to come Hebrews 8:5 & Hebrews 10:1, Colossians 2:17.

3. Typology: Pharaoh-Satan; Egypt-Sin; Red Sea-Baptism

Moses-Christ; Canaan-Heaven (Promised land)

1 Corinthians 10:1 --Baptized unto Moses

5. Compromise

a. We may compromise in matters of human judgment.

b. We must not comprise in matters of faith.

c. If we fail to obey Satan completely, he works for a compromise which is just as good. Too many have made deals with Satan.

d. Pharaoh tried to get Moses and Aaron to compromise. Let’s study Pharaoh and his compromises, and get a lesson from the same.


1. Pharaoh Refused: to let Israel go at Moses’ first visit Exodus 5:1. He made them work harder. Does not want anyone to become a Christian.

2. Pharaoh/Satan: "Sacrifice to your God in the land;

4. Pharaoh/Satan: "Go not ye that are men and serve the Lord." (Exodus 10:11) "If you are determined, go serve Jehovah in the church and go all the way, but leave the women and children behind for me; let me have them."

a. Ephesians 6:1-4, Proverbs 21:6 b. I Sam 2 c. Titus 2:4


1. The Israelites were baptized unto Moses, 1 10:2. We are baptized into Christ. Galatians 3:27.

2. Don’t COMPROMISE with Satan.

3. He will be trying to get your to compromise, by waiting till some other time to respond to the Lord’s invitation. Give the Lord your full service, NOW!

Verse Comments

Exodus 1:1

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Gann, Windell. "Commentary on Exodus 1". Gann's Commentary on the Bible. 2021.