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Man. Hebrew. 'adam. App-14 . "Man" is to Job 14:1 what Job 14:1 is to the whole paragraph. The Hebrew accent ( Dehi ) emphasizes the word "man", and divides the verse into two members; viz. (1) man and (2) his characteristics which are three: (1) his origin (born in sin), (2) his brevity of life, and (3) his fullness of sorrow.
dost. ? Figure of speech Erotesis.
me. Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate read "him".
Who . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis.
bounds. Four early printed editions read "fixed times".
For there is hope of a tree. This is a positive independent statement, about which there is no doubt. There should be a full stop here. Then the Hebrew accents mark off two hypotheses: (1) if it is cut down (Job 14:7 ) the Spring will wake its sap; (2) if waxing old (Job 14:8 ) it may still send forth a new growth. But there is no hope of man's living again like a tree. If he is to "live again" he must be raised from the dead.
plants = a new plant.
man = strong man. Hebrew. geber. App-14 .
wasteth away = will decompose.
giveth up, &c. See note on Job 3:11 .
where . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
man. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
O. Figure of speech Ecphonesis. App-6 .
the grave = Sheol. App-35 .
shall . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
live again: i.e. in resurrection. Compare John 11:25 , John 11:26 .
appointed time = service, or warfare.
change = improvement. Hebrew. halaph = a. change for the better. See note on Leviticus 27:10 .
desire = a longing.
sin. Hebrew. Chata App-44 .
transgression. Hebrew. pasha'. App-44 .
iniquity. Hebrew. 'avah. App-44 .
The waters, &c. Figure of speech Paroemia. App-6 .
man = a mortal. Hebrew. 'en6sh. App-14 .
But. This verse describes what happens while he is alive. See below.
his soul = he himself. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .
within = over.
mourn: i.e. mourn "over himself". Hebrew. 'alaiv, as in Hosea 10:5 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 14". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 9 / Ordinary 14