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My Servant: i.e. Messiah. See note on Isaiah 37:35 .
My soul = I Myself. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .
delighteth = is well-pleased.
put = bestowed.
My spirit. Hebrew. ruach ( App-9 ). Here is the doctrine of the Trinity: (1) The Father, the speaker; (2) My "Servant", the Messiah, the Son; and (3) My Spirit. See note on "stretched out" in Isaiah 42:5 .
cry. See the Divine interpretation "strive" (Matthew 12:19 ).
the smoking flax: i.e. the wick (made of flax) that is burning dim.
flax. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for the wick made of it.
not quench: i.e. not put it out, but trim it and make it burn brightly. This was the servant's work.
unto = in accordance with.
fail = go out (as a lamp).
be discouraged = break, or break down.
in = upon.
isles = maritime countries. The Divine interpretation = "Gentiles" (Matthew 12:18-21 ). See note on Isaiah 11:11 .
wait. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 8:12 "stayed").
and stretched them out = they that stretched them out. Compare "us", "our" (Genesis 1:26 ). Compare "image" (singular).
breath. Hebrew. neshmah , App-16 ). See note on Isaiah 2:22 .
a light of the Gentiles. Quoted in Luke 2:32 . Compare Isaiah 49:6 .
To open the blind eyes. Renewing the prophecy of Isaiah 35:5 .
prisoners. See Isaiah 49:9 ; Isaiah 61:1 .
sit. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), for being in a permanent condition.
I am. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 3:15 ). App-92 .
will I not give. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 20:5 ).
another: i.e. a strange god.
praise. Hebrew. lullal. Not confined to the "former" part of Isaiah, as alleged. See Isaiah 13:10 ; Isaiah 38:18 . See App-79 .
the former things, &c. Referring to his prophecies, among others, concerning Sennacherib, Isaiah 10:0 and Isaiah 37:0 .
new things, &c. Thus uniting the predictions of the earlier chapters with the so-called "second" part. See App-79 .
go forth. This is an enlargement of Isaiah 41:15 , Isaiah 41:16 . Still more so in Revelation 6:2 ; Revelation 19:11 .
mighty man. Hebrew. gibbor.
stir up = awaken, incite. See note on Song of Solomon 2:7 .
jealousy. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 20:6 ). App-92 .
cry . . . roar. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.
I will lead = I have led.
I will lead them, &c. Some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, commence this sentence with "And".
These things, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 31:6 ).
will I do = have I done.
and not = and have not.
trust = confide. Hebrew. batah. App-69 .
that say, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 32:4 ). App-92 .
Hear. Note the call to hear in the Structure, corresponding with the call in Isaiah 42:23 .
My servant. This is Israel. See the Structures above; and see note on Isaiah 37:35 . Not the same "servant" as in Isaiah 42:1 .
perfect = an intimate friend or trusted one. Hebrew. me'shullam (plural of shalam), to be at peace with. Compare 2 Samuel 20:19 . Job 22:21 .Psalms 7:4 . It is from this word we have Mussulman and Moslem. Israel, in the presence of the foe, was, in Jehovah's sight, thus perfect. See Numbers 23:21 .
Seeing . . . opening the ears. As Israel had done. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 29:1 , Deuteronomy 29:2 ). But Israel was blind and deaf (Isaiah 42:19 ). Compare Jeremiah 5:21 ; Jeremiah 6:10 . Ezekiel 12:2 .Matthew 13:14 , &c.
he. Some codices, with Syriac, read "thou" (as in the preceding clause); others read "ye". The pronoun refers to Israel. See Isaiah 42:19 .
He will magnify the law. Note the correspondence with Isaiah 42:24 .
this is a People. Showing most clearly that Israel is the subject of this member.
Who . . . ? The other "call to hear" emphasized by the Figure of speech Erotesis .
Jacob . . . Israel. See notes on Genesis 32:28 ; Gen 32:43 , &c.
strength = strength (for prevailing). Not the same word as in Isaiah 41:1 , Isaiah 41:10 . Hebrew. 'azaz : i.e. battle that prevailed against Israel.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 42". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/
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