Partner with as God uses us to make a difference for those displaced by Russia's war on Ukraine.
Click to donate today!

Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Exodus 18

Verse 1

When. This chapter is a parenthesis ( App-6 ). Introduced here because Jethro, though he lived among the Amalekites, yet was not under their

curse (Exodus 17:14 Exodus 17:6 ). The event occurred between Exodus 18:10 and Exodus 18:11 of Numbers 10:0 . Jethro's counsel was given, and taken, when Israel was ready to depart from Sinai (Deuteronomy 1:7-14 ).

Jethro . Compare Exodus 3:1 . Probably a descendant of Abraham by Keturah, and not, therefore, an idolater. Compare Exodus 18:12 and context.

God . Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

Egypt . A reading (Sevir) reads "land of Egypt". See App-34 .

Verse 2

sent her back . Probably at Exodus 4:26 .

Verse 3

Gershom = a stranger.

Verse 4

Eliezer = God [is] my helper.

Verse 6

I. The Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, and Syriac read "Lo", or "Behold ": in which case we must read instead of "he", Exodus 18:6 , "and one said unto Moses, ' Behold, thy father-in-law cometh'", &c.

Verse 10

Blessed . Figure of speech Benedictio. App-6 .

hand . Thrice put for "power" by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause). App-6 .

Verse 11

greater . Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 . Magnitude attributed to God.

Verse 13

unto . Some codices, with one early printed edition, Samaritan Pentateuch, and Syriac, read "even until".

Verse 16

statutes of God . Those before Sinai. See App-15 .

Verse 18

wilt surely wear away . Figure of speech Polyptoton ( App-6 ), "a wearing thou wilt wear". See note on Genesis 26:28 .

Verse 20

ordinances and laws . Hebrew "the Ordinances and (or, even) the Laws".

Verse 21

men . Hebrew, plural of 'ish, or ' 'enosh. App-14 . to be. Supply "as" for Ellipsis ( App-6 ).

rulers. Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "and rulers".

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 18". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.